Media: the military-industrial complex of the Russian Federation is ahead of the United States in arms sales

Demand for American weapons is declining due to the increased quality of Russian military products, Rai Al Youm analysts say.

According to the authors of the article, the United States can no longer maintain leadership in the world the arms market due to the technical imperfection of their fighters. At the same time, Russia has gone far ahead in creating S-400 and S-500 anti-aircraft missile systems, which can intercept and destroy most types of combat aircraft.

“The United States will need at least 20 years to develop a new generation of “F” class fighters, – RIA Novosti quotes excerpts from the material.

Analysts add that Russia needs only a few years to modernize its missile arsenal. In their opinion, the future of the military-industrial complex lies with supersonic missiles, which the Russian Federation is actively developing.

Earlier, President Vladimir Putin said that Russia is in first place in the world in terms of new weapons. According to him, the laser, hypersonic, kinetic and other weapons produced in the country have no analogues.

Источник aif.ru

Japan finds link between gut bacterium and COVID deaths

Japanese scientists from Nagoya University have established a link between the presence of an intestinal bacterium from the Collinsella genus in the human body and low mortality when infected with coronavirus, the results of the study are posted on the website of The Japan Times newspaper.

The researchers concluded that Collinsella is able to convert bile acids into ursodeoxycholic acid, which prevents COVID from binding to the receptors of the cells of an infected person. 

According to experts, the presence of a large number of these bacteria in the intestine should suppress the activity of the virus, provide mild symptoms of infection and, as a result, a low probability of death.

To confirm their hypothesis, university staff examined 953 people from countries with different levels of mortality from coronavirus infection. As a result, in Japan, the Republic of Korea and Finland, where the mortality rate is considered low, a large concentration of intestinal bacteria was found in 34-61% of study participants. While residents of Belgium, the UK, Italy and the USA, where there is a high mortality, a large concentration was detected only in 4-18% of cases.

The corresponding study explains the different incidence of new coronavirus, the severity of the disease and mortality in different countries.

Meanwhile, American scientists have managed to isolate two previously unknown antibodies that can neutralize the omicron strain of coronavirus. 

Источник aif.ru

“I was able to hug my daughter!” How does a man live whose hands were transplanted by surgeons

Pasteur University immunologist and popular blogger Daria Kartasheva-Ebertz posted on Instagram about the most important scientific advances in medicine in 2021. Among them — transplantation of two arms and a shoulder for the first time.

Arms — dream

Felix Gretarssonwas fatally injured at work. He was in his early twenties when he worked as an electrician. In January 1988, Felix was sent to fix a breakdown in a high-voltage power line. A 10,000 volt surge threw Felix to the ground. His hands were burned, and he himself received multiple fractures and injuries. The man spent almost three months in a coma, and when he came to, he found out that the surgeons, saving his life, had amputated both hands. 

        View this post on Instagram                      

Post by Felix Gretarsson (@felix_gretarsson)

For nearly 20 years Gretarsson has been waiting for his main dream will come true: to get hands. It took years to find suitable donors. But in January 2021, they were finally found.

The operation, which lasted more than 14 hours, was performed in France. Four surgical teams took part in it. These are about 50 doctors and medical workers. The hand transplant was incredibly difficult. The fact is that Felix's upper limbs are not easily amputated. On the right hand, 9 centimeters remained from the upper end of the humerus, but the left hand was missing along with part of the shoulder. Therefore, when transplanting the left hand, it was very difficult to transplant it. The doctors decided to reconstruct not only Felix's arm, but also Felix's shoulder using a donor humerus.

Such combined transplants of the arm and shoulder have never been done before. French surgeons were able not only to transplant the arms and shoulder, but also to reconstruct about fifteen muscles and tendons, two arteries, three veins and a number of nerves.

“I was able to hug my daughter again!”

A year has passed since this fantastic operation. Felix is ​​actively developing his new hands and blogging on Instagram. He told AiF.ru how his life had changed after transplantation.

        View this post on Instagram                      

Post by Felix Gretarsson (@felix_gretarsson)

“I’ve settled in incredibly well and adapted to the hands. The average rate of nerve growth is 1 mm per day. We expected to have nerves in my elbow, but now I have nerves in my fingers too! They appeared after 9 months, — says Felix Gretarsson.

He is happy to say that he can move his right shoulder, flex and extend his elbow, and his wrist is gradually becoming stable. Felix can even move his fingers, but so far all at once, and not one at a time.

“My left hand is a little behind, — Felix Gretarsson says. — But there I can move my shoulder and elbow. Two weeks ago, I even started to move my index finger a little.

2021 has been a difficult year for Felix. Every month he went to the clinic and performed tests for sensitivity and mobility of the hands, underwent rehabilitation.

“Every month I have small victories, — Felix Gretarsson told AiF.ru. — I finally hugged my daughter. When I lost my arms, she was just over four years old. And now I was able to hug her again!»

Felix already has four grandchildren. He never held any of them. He went to Iceland for Christmas and was able to rock the youngest of them for the first time. 

        View this post on Instagram                      

Post by Felix Gretarsson (@felix_gretarsson)

“My fourth grandson was one month old. I managed to sit with him in my arms without assistance, — he says. — I felt his warmth and pressure in my hand. Sensitivity has not yet fully recovered, but I feel a touch. True, if I close my eyes, it will be difficult for me to determine where I am being touched.

Felix rarely uses a corset or other similar devices to support his left arm. He sometimes wears an exoprosthesis if he walks long distances, but he doesn't use it at home.

“Until I fully feel the temperature of my hands: it's hard to tell if it's hot or cold. The sensations are a bit like electrical discharges. But each time the sensitivity of the hands and nerve conduction are getting better, — Gretarsson admits. — I consider myself extremely lucky with my team. They had done several hand transplants before, but this was the first with a whole arm and a partial shoulder. Nevertheless, they consider this project one of the most successful in their practice.

Источник aif.ru

There is no insurance against betrayal. Conon Young dreamed of becoming an illegal immigrant again

Weekly “Arguments and Facts” No. 01-02. Why did Kazakhstan burst into flames? 12/01/2022

January 17 – 100th anniversary of the birth of the illegal intelligence agent Konon the Young. 100 not 100, but he left too early – at 48.

Writer, three times laureate of the Prize of the Foreign Intelligence Service of the Russian Federation. E. Primakova Nikolai Dolgopolov:

Escaped from America

English Conon knew as a native. After the death of his father, the aunt took her nephew from her sister's family in need in the United States. There the boy studied for six years. And then, contrary to the persuasion of my aunt, he returned home and graduated from school in Moscow. Before the war he was drafted into the Red Army, fought until the Victory. Scout Molody crossed the front line more than once, dragged captive Fritz-“languages”, for which he was awarded military awards. And along the way, he mastered languages.

After the war, he entered the institute, where he learned Chinese. Probably, even before that, he was noticed by foreign intelligence. A hero, party member, polyglot, he was sent across North America to England. There, at the Conon Institute, or rather, Gordon Lonsdale, the operational name “Ben”, also ate Chinese. Although I studied mainly my fellow students – British and American intelligence officers.

Salisbury was already there, and the Porton Down chemical laboratory located in the area. The young one revealed her terrible secrets. Experiments with chemical weapons were carried out on living people, and Nazi scientists, warmed by our ex-allies, helped create bacteriological poisons. Film «Dead Season» – it's about Conon the Young, who stirred up a vile nest.

But Porton Down – just a small part of his work. “Ben” was able to learn a lot about the US military bases located around the world. The ever-changing British ciphers fell into the hands of Gordon Lonsdale. And the main achievement – creation of an intelligence network in Portland. Piles of documents – drawings, technical descriptions, photographs – helped the Soviet navy to withstand serious threats. 

With Donatas Banionis during the filming of the film “Dead Season”. Photo: from the personal archive of Konon the Young. Back to news »

I took all the blame

Young was arrested on January 7, 1961. Why? He gave no reason to be suspicious. The electronic lock, invented at the Lonsdale firm, was awarded a gold medal at the world exhibition in Brussels. And shortly before his arrest, the Queen awarded the businessman with a diploma for his contribution to the development of British industry.

But there is a betrayal in intelligence, and in all areas of our life, against which we are all powerless. Colonel Golenevsky pointed to Lonsdale. It's amazing how the Polish secret service tolerated this liar and drunkard. And he was preparing for a long time to switch sides and handed over to the Americans a lot of his own, Poles, and a lot of ours. After settling in the States, he declared himself miraculously saved from execution by the Tsarevich Alexei Romanov and for years fooled lovers of sensations.

There is another version of the arrest. Gordon and his best agent Houghtoncaught red-handed right during the transfer of classified information. “Ben” recruited a cipher clerk at a naval base in Portland under a false flag. The Briton was sure that he was working for the CIA. Accepting gifts from Soviet intelligence, the first time he lived still modestly. And then he went into all serious trouble. This luxury attracted the attention of counterintelligence. Houghton was pressed hard, and he betrayed the “American”. The radio operators of “Ben” were also arrested. – spouses Kroger, they are – our illegals, future Heroes of Russia Morris and Lona Coen.

When a bunch of spy equipment was found in the house of the modest second-hand book dealer Kroger, Gordon Lonsdale told the court that it was he who, taking advantage of their naivety, hid radio transmitters and ciphers in someone else's villa. I took all the blame. It did not help: Lonsdale, whose origin was never established, was given 25 years, the Krogers – by 20, Houghton –15. 

Scout Young (on the right) with friends from the front. Photo: from the personal archive of Konon the Young.

What did friendship lead to

At the Hero of Russia Alexei Mikhailovich Kozlovhad their own take on the story. It was impossible to let Houghton shine with expensive cars and yachts. And most importantly – An illegal should never communicate openly with his radio operators. Only secret communication and no personal meetings. My timid: “But how friendly they were with the Krogers!” – Kozlov, who had been imprisoned in a South African prison because of the betrayal of Oleg Gordievsky, was angry. He answered harshly: “And where did this friendship lead Morris and Lona? To the prison cell.

Konon was quickly exchanged for the traitor's liaison Penkovsky Grenville Wynn. And the Coens-Krogers, exchanged under the Polish flag, spent almost a decade in Her Majesty's prisons. 

I did not like everything at home

Konon Trofimovich loved hockey. As well as his good friend colonel of intelligence Pavel Georgievich Gromushkin. He, strict and impartial, worked in the disciplinary commission of the All-Union Ice Hockey Federation. And regularly supplied Konon and the actor who became friends with him Vyacheslav Tikhonovtickets to the cherished Luzhnikov box “A”. Then they were mainly rooting for the invincible CSKA and the people's Spartak. However, a group of well-dressed comrades, among whom the actor Tikhonov was noticed, loudly supported Dynamo. Then the future Stirlitz said that he adopted his cine style of smoking from Molodoy. It couldn't be. At the age of 7, caught with a cigarette, Konon promised his mother never to smoke. And he kept his word. 

And another myth. Allegedly, Molody told the future creators of the film “Seventeen Moments of Spring” how his wife Galya was secretly brought to Western Europe, which served as the basis for the famous scene of the meeting in the Stirlitz cafe with his wife. There was no such thing. But Galina was indeed sent to the then friendly Czechoslovakia, where she rested with her husband, who at some point had escaped from England.

Previously, almost all illegal immigrants, overwhelmingly colonels, after returning received the honorary position of the head of the sector in their department. And in the – one person: himself an illegal immigrant. According to the stories of one prominent intelligence officer, Konon the Young on the first day of work ran through the corridors, loudly asking: “Where is my sector?” Difficult after many years in “special conditions” sit down at the table and do something completely different from the work that has become the meaning of life. Teaching activity did not bring him joy either.

It's good that Rudolf Abel worked nearbyaka William Fisher. They often visited each other, drank tea, remembered… Konon did not like everything at home. The bureaucracy, the cumbersomeness of the management system, was especially irritating, which, to the displeasure of the authorities, he publicly announced when speaking to the workers of ZIL. And one day, two heroic illegals committed something like an act of defiance within the walls of their strictly closed institution. For holidays, employees were given sets with scarce sprats, buckwheat, Indian tea with an elephant and real smoked sausage for three rubles and kopecks. As the two colonels were sorting out packages of food, a lower-ranking employee entered the office and admired: “Oh! Hungarian sausage! It turned out that the sausage relied only on those who had three stars on shoulder straps. The indignant Young went to the authorities: why such inequality? And he gave up his food package. As Evelina Vilyamovna told me,Fischer's daughter, her usually reserved, cautious father joined the rebel and also returned a hefty package. The illegals had their own concept of equality.  

Conon Young dreamed of working illegally. Arranged for plastic surgery. I didn’t have time, it didn’t work out. 

There are so many twisted around the death of Young too… They talk as if he died right during a picnic, where they drank and ate. Son Trofim Kononovich knows the truth. Let's go to dad's favorite mushroom places. What kind of drink when driving? They wandered through the forest, climbed far. Tired, sat down to eat. And suddenly the father fell on the grass, could not move. Until we got to the phone. And then there's the day off… Mom, Galina Petrovna, remembered only the number of Abel. I got through, he contacted the management, they sent a company car. Did not help: 48 years and a massive stroke. Rock family. After all, Konon's father died relatively young just as suddenly.

BAM and did not dream. The main line of life of Ivan Varshavsky

Is it possible to build a road in –64°C? And to treat a sore throat with severe cold? What about eight of us in one room? Sleep 2–4 hours a day? To speak in the upper house of the Russian parliament without cheat sheets?

Hero of Socialist Labor Ivan Varshavskyknows the answer – yes, you can. When you wholeheartedly support your work, you will endure any trials and overcome everything. BAM was built by an inflexible generation, which conquered mountains and taiga. Laying the “golden link” years of hard work, labor excitement and unshakable faith in one's strength preceded. That is why both the highway and its builders are considered legendary. 

Ivan Varshavsky. Photo: «Amurskaya Pravda», photo archive

Candies in half with the ground

Our parents had eight children, I'm the last one, scratching. Childhood was difficult, hungry. It took place in Ukraine, in the Odessa region. Surprisingly, I remember the war well. I can clearly see how, as a child, I used to go with my mother and older sisters to the collective farm field. At lunchtime, a large cauldron was brought there, in which kulesh was cooked. Have a sip – and in the stomach it becomes warm and pleasant. But childhood – it is happiness in spite of hunger and deprivation. My head was spinning with hunger, and we ran and played.

I remember for the rest of my life how a store was bombed during the war and my mother brought sticky sweets “cushions” in the hem. halfway with the earth. I have never tasted anything tastier than those sweets in my life.

After seven years, he went to the collective farm to work. Adult men who returned from the front were crippled, wounded and powerless. We teenagers were considered the main labor force. And immediately after the army, he got a job as a track fitter, then became a foreman, graduated from the railway technical school in absentia. And in 1969 he was already the head of a group of workers of the Chisinau railway. An inexplicable detail for me: when I worked in Moldova, I was constantly tormented by tonsillitis. Boils in throat full of pus. Once a surgeon told me: leave here, you don’t have a climate here. And in 1972 I left for the construction of the Abakan-Taishet railway, then decades of life at BAM – and not a single sore throat! 

The cars stalled, and the people endured

When I heard about the construction of the BAM, I came here in ­1974 for reconnaissance – young, everything was interesting. They immediately told me: “We are taking you.” Came with my wife and two children. A friend had a tiny hut. He and his wife have two children, we are four – and so they began to live.

And around the taiga, mushrooms – scythe. Grouse, capercaillie fly. Instead of roads, the dirt was impassable, and on the dance floors they danced until they dropped. Everywhere laughter, bonfires, guitar. Life at ­BAM was in full swing. The only thing that was bad, – stokers. Then there were 164 boiler houses in Tynda! Consider that each barrack, trailer, dugout was heated by its own boiler room. And in the morning everyone started warming up the cars – frosts something in 50 degrees. The white light was not visible from the smog.

About frost. Do you believe, “winter” diesel fuel in jelly ­ froze, German "Magirus" deaf from the cold, but people endured. I had a case on Gilyui. I remember the most severe frost – 64°C. All equipment was standing, and we were working. In summer, you drive a crutch into a sleeper in 2–4 strokes, and in cold weather you had to hit it 10–12 times. Well, if you have a crowbar or a sledgehammer in your hands, how can ­freeze? They took off their short fur coats, it was hard in them. After 10 minutes, the back is covered in a snow jacket, like a polar bear. The order is this: 30 minutes you work, half an hour in the trailer. I took a sip of hot tea, warmed up by the stove – and forward again.

In my brigade, a third of the women were, jokes, jokes. “I will come to you today, will you warm me up?” – the men urged. “Is there something to warm with?” – the women fought back. The language was lively, yeah. There were women who single-handedly lifted sleepers on their shoulders and walked with them without stumbling. I note that when women are nearby, men behave differently: there is less obscenity, more discipline.

“The time was non-conflict”

The formation of teams at BAM was an interesting thing. Different people came from all over the Soviet Union. We had to get used to each other, to understand each other. But there were no conflicts. For a while there was no conflict.

The deceasedMisha Zadornovvenomously said that BAM was built by prisoners and soldiers, and the Komsomol only watched and led. When I heard this, I choked. I think you are an asshole! To say that… But God bless him, he is no longer in the world.

And salaries – yes, they were good, I received 700 rubles, and the explosives guys earned 1 thousand a month. Those Soviet rubles. Every month he sent money to his mother, she then had a collective farm pension of 7 rubles. From the heroine mother who raised eight children! Then I came home on vacation, she handed me a whole bundle of my money: “Here, son, take it, you will need it. I'm used to living on my pension. I almost fell. I went to the store, and with all this money I got her outfits ­

But they worked like animals, it's true. Slept four hours a day. The farther the residential trailers were placed from the highway, the better. The farther the trailer, the longer they take you on a shift, which means that there are extra minutes to take a nap in the car.

“Our Victory Day”

“Golden Docking” BAM took place on September 28, 1984 at the Balbukhta junction of the Kalar district of the Chita region. My colleague Sasha Bondar was crying for real. Photos scattered around the world, where his face is covered in tears. I still remember the string of tearful faces of young men when we docked this “golden link” BAM. It was our Victory Day! Now sometimes I start to remember it all, I cry myself. I attribute everything to age.

Sasha Bondar and I agreed that when we docked, our brigades would definitely cover the “glade”. Below, under the canvas, they built a long table sewn with a shalyovka. They wrote out a bonus for this case, they got some of the money out of their pockets. There were no glasses. He took off his helmet, mixed vodka with champagne in it, and this “glass” let go in a circle. Then many began to take off their helmets and pour vodka and champagne into them. This fenced «ruff» we washed the main victory of BAM.

When the secretary of the Central Committee Vladimir Dolgikhattached me the star of the hero, my throat was intercepted with excitement. I remember that the whole Hall of Columns was standing. And how people clapped! (Waves his hand, is silent.) It was amazing: did I really deserve it? Thousands and thousands of people like me were eligible to receive such an award. And when, after the award, I came to my homeland in the village of Zagnitkovo, they met me there with the whole collective farm, they organized a special meeting. The club was full of people. Here it was to tears. It was a shame that my mother did not live to see that day. 

In the summer of 2019, they tell me: “Ivan Nikolaevich, I have to fly to Moscow. Speak at the Federation Council, ask for help for Tynda.

I did not write any abstracts for the speech. All my BAM life – in my head. And the head, thank God, is still light. Then, in 2019, planes did not fly to Tynda, the train to Blagoveshchensk ran every other day. Branded train with “branded” prices. Well, I listed it all.

He spoke about the BAM temporary houses, in which thousands of people still live. About the hospital, where for 40 years there was no normal repair. About the forest – that for 45 years it has been cut down mercilessly. Around Tynda, all the hills are already bald, and in Tynda there is not even a simple sawmill, not to mention a timber processing factory. Isn't that businesslike?

I never gave a hint in that podium, I just wiped my snot. The trunk is long, the condensate is leaking (laughs).

But the result turned out: ­planes are now flying, the surgical building of the Tyndinsky city hospital has been beautifully renovated. The soul ­rejoices!

What is happiness for me? Fishing! No wonder they say: a day of fishing prolongs life by three days.

Do I think about death? The more you think about it, the faster it will come. And if I ever meet God, I will be very surprised and ask for forgiveness for not believing in him. I always think: if there is a God, then why are there so many punishments for innocent people and little children? I will never understand this. Why does God allow wars?

What do I want from life? Peace of mind! She's kind of restless right now. And I still want to live. I want it! 

BAM in facts and figures

The length of the Baikal-Amur Mainline, which stretches from Taishet station to Sovetskaya Gavan, – 4324 km. The railway, most of which was built from 1972 to 1984, was laid by workers and engineers of 108 nationalities, 60% were under 30 years old. The population of the construction region by the time it was completed was 1 million people. During the construction of the road, 63 new settlements appeared. 17.7 billion Soviet rubles were spent on BAM.

Do scouts live richly?

Weekly “Arguments and Facts” No. 01-02. Why did Kazakhstan burst into flames? 12/01/2022

I read that some of those recruited to work for the USSR received hundreds of thousands of dollars. Is this true?

Expert answer 0 + –

– Our intelligence – I judge this as a journalist – lives modestly and with dignity, – Nikolai Dolgopolov answers. – I have visited the apartments of SVR veterans more than once. Among them are Heroes of the Soviet Union and Russia, illegal intelligence agents. I can testify: as a rule, no luxuries. Hero of Russia Alexander Feklisov, whose efforts prevented the Caribbean Crisis, lived in a small two-room apartment. The situation in the home of his colleague Hero of Russia Vladimir Barkovsky has not changed since the 1970s. In the apartment of Abel-Fischer – two large rooms and a small kitchenette made of truly valuable things – only pictures of the owner on the walls. These people were not concerned with the arrangement of life or enrichment.

I'm not saying that everyone was disinterested. It's just that the goals in life are different. They lived as best they could and as a quite decent salary or a good pension allowed.

Источник aif.ru

What is the strength, father? His formula gave aviation more than the Wright brothers did.

On January 17, 1847, a son was born in  the family of Staff Captain Yegor Ivanovich and Anna Nikolaevna Zhukovsky, who lived in the village of Orekhovo, Vladimir Province, , who was named Nicholas. As a boy, he grew up thin and restless, in the elementary grades of the school he was the worst in mathematics, but he worked hard and graduated from the gymnasium with a medal. And subsequently became what we call "the father of Russian aviation".

AiF.ru talks about born exactly 175 years ago Nikolai Zhukovsky, a Russian scientist and mechanics, the founder of hydro- and aerodynamics .

I didn’t have enough money, I pawned a fur coat in a pawnshop

In & nbsp; childhood, the future "father of Russian aviation" dreamed not at all about conquering the expanses of heaven, but about working on the railway. His parent, Yegor Ivanovich, who came from small-scale nobles, was a well-educated railway engineer, and the boy wanted to follow in his footsteps. But studying at the  St. Petersburg Institute of Railway Engineers, which his father graduated from, cost a lot of money (it was the best higher technical military educational institution in the country in those years), and the choice fell on a more accessible university — University of Moscow. The tuition fee in it was significantly lower, and in    the young man was enrolled in the Faculty of Physics and Mathematics.

Student Zhukovsky did not receive a scholarship; a fur coat that served him at the same time as a blanket. Then I had to run in the winter in a light coat. «It not not heats, but and terribly cold», — he wrote.

After graduating from Moscow University, Zhukovsky nevertheless entered the Petersburg Institute of Communications, but did not study there for long. The teaching load was very high, and the results that he showed in disciplines new to him, geodesy and drawing, — rather weak. Plus, the climate of St. Petersburg had a bad effect on the health of the young man. Zhukovsky returned to the family estate in the Vladimir province, and a year later he got a job as a teacher in Moscow. First in women's gymnasium, then — at the Moscow Higher Technical School.

On a bicycle with wings behind 

Simultaneously with & nbsp; teaching, Nikolai is engaged in scientific activities. He is interested in the kinematics of a liquid body, that is, there are laws by which liquids move. In 1876 he defends his master's thesis, and six years later he becomes a doctor of science.

By that time, the scientist managed to visit abroad, where he met with engineers and inventors involved in aeronautics, and became interested in this topic. Airplanes were not yet being built, but there were more than enough models of aircraft with which all kinds of tests were carried out. Often they designed at random, on a hunch — no basic theory explaining how and why heavier-than-air vehicles should fly existed in those years. The questions were — there were no answers. And Zhukovsky understood this.

He returned to Russia not only with the firm intention to find answers to many questions, but  and with a newfangled technical novelty — bicycle of the French engineer Pierre Michaud. He helped him to experiment in aerodynamics. Spending the summer months in their parents house near Vladimir, the researcher rode a bicycle around the neighborhood with wings behind the back, which perplexed the local peasants. He made the frame of the wings out of bamboo and covered it with cloth. Accelerating to different speeds, Zhukovsky tried to understand how the lift force arises and acts.

Painting by T.E. Ivanov “Beginning” with image of Zhukovsky with his students (from left to right) — B.S. Stechkin, A.A. Arkhangelsky, A.N. Tupolev, N.E. Zhukovsky, B.N. Yuryev, N.R. Lobanov, B.I. testing aircraft ITU.

So, gradually, from year to year, Nikolai Egorovich develops the theory of flight. In November 1881, he makes the first report on aeronautics in Moscow Polytechnical Society. In 1889, he sets forth “Some Considerations on Aircraft Instruments” at the Society of Natural Science Lovers. In  January 1890, he speaks at congress of Russian doctors and natural scientists with a report on the theme "To theory of flying". And in October 1891, at a meeting of the Moscow Mathematical Society, he makes a report “On soaring birds”. In this scientific work, Zhukovsky analyzes the ability of birds to stay in the air with outstretched wings and proves that it is possible to design a glider that will be able to make a “dead loop”. More than 20 years will pass, and in 1913 the Russian pilot Pyotr Nesterovfor the first time in history will perform this aerobatics on airplane. Before making it, Nesterov will consult with Zhukovsky.

The scientific heritage of the scientist is huge. In total, he wrote 194 works. In his main works, the fundamental provisions of aeromechanics are set forth, and its most important regularities are formulated. It was thanks to his theoretical calculations that it became clear how to design and build aircraft.

Formula is more important than “tricks”

In & nbsp; 1904, in & nbsp; the village of Kuchino near Moscow, Nikolai Zhukovsky created the world's first institute specially equipped for aerodynamic research. Then the same scientist formulated the most important theorem, later named after him. It determines the amount of wing lift, it follows from it what the profile of the wings and propeller blades of the aircraft should be. Zhukovsky presented the lift force formation mechanism discovered by him at the meeting of the Mathematical Society on November 15, 1905. We can say that it was from this day that aerodynamics became a science. One formula of a Russian researcher did more for the development of aviation than the flight of the Wright brothers and dozens of similar “tricks” that were practiced at that time.

It is noteworthy that Nikolai Egorovich never did fly in in the air on once in once on he flew into the air only once. It happened in September 1900 year, when he participated in World Aeronautical Congress in Paris. There, the scientist was offered to fly in a hot air balloon. At he he felt unwell, and on returning to the earth, he finally established himself in the thought that the future of aeronautics — not  because of aerostats given over to winds, but heavier-than-air aircraft.

Four years later, and will formulate the same theorem about lift force.

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Источник aif.ru

“Rook”, “Tiger”, “Typhoon”. Top 10 Airborne Weapons Spotted in Kazakhstan

While participating in the CSTO mission on the territory of Kazakhstan, the Airborne Forces of the Russian Federation were armed with their standard weapons. Both new and time-tested.

Kalashnikov assault rifle AK-12 caliber 5.45 mm. On today, this is the most advanced version of the legendary weapon. The main differences from predecessors: the receiver cover and forearm are equipped with Picatinny rails for mounting the front handle, flashlight, laser pointer, etc. The fuse, also known as the translator of fire modes, has 4 positions (fuse —AB (automatic fire)                                   ;Length  butt made of impact-resistant plastic. Magazines are equipped with transparent inserts through which you can see how many rounds you have left.

RMB — modernized Kalashnikov machine gun. In difference from machine gun, in machine-gun theme, the paratroopers turned out to be conservative people. Despite the presence of a more modern Pecheneg machine gun in the troops, they remained faithful to the weapon, whose basic modification was adopted for service in 1961 g. PKM has a caliber of 7.62mm and is rightly considered one of the best machine guns in the world in simplicity and reliability.

RMB. Photo: AiF/Sergey Osipov

Makarov pistol. Another "long-liver" of the arms world, seen on Russian paratroopers in Kazakhstan. The good old PM still adorns the belts of not only officers of the Airborne Forces, but and the special forces of "blue berets". Once, even a PM with a device for silent shooting caught my eye.

Yarygin's Grach pistol is much more modern than  — was adopted for service in 2003  At the same time, it                         has          Bullets “Rook” capable of penetrating body armor of a low level of protection.

Dragunov SVD sniper rifle.Another representative of the Soviet weapons school, who was noted during the peacekeeping mission of Russian paratroopers in Kazakhstan. The weapon, albeit not new , is in armament of all contingents of CSTO peacekeepers.

Army large-caliber ASVK sniper rifle — much more modern and powerful sniper rifle, created in 2004  a team of designers of the plant named after. Degtyarev in Kovrov. One of the few rifle complexes in Russia created according to bullpup layout. Caliber 12.7 mm, firing range up to 1500 m.

Tiger armored car — multi-purpose off-road vehicle. “Tiger” and its modifications are produced at Arzamas machine-building plant with YAMZ-5347-10 engines. Combat weight from 5.3 to 7.6 tons. Crew of 2 people plus from 4 to 6 passengers. “Tigers” paratroopers in Kazakhstan were armed with 22.7 mm machine guns.

Armored car “Typhoon-K”. Compared to the  "Tiger, it is a heavier machine. The curb weight of the armored car reaches 14 000 kg, and full  16 000 kg. Machine length — 6760 mm. Width −2550 mm. Height −2840 mm. Ground Clearance — 433 mm. A diesel six-cylinder engine with a capacity of 350 hp is installed. Maximum speed on highway — 105 km/h. Power reserve up to 850 km. Capacity — 10 people. “Typhoon” can be equipped with a combat module with a 12.7-mm machine gun. /26/1949202/7ebc90bd57d1150a007eda6da579667e.png” height=”425″ width=”640″ style=”display: block;” />

“Typhoon-K”. Photo: AiF /Sergey Osipov

BTR-82 — Russian armored personnel carrier, which is a deep modernization of the BTR-80. Adopted for service in 2013  Combat weight 15.4 t., crew 3 persons, landing force 7 persons, gun caliber 30 mm.

BMD-2 airborne fighting vehicle— Soviet and Russian combat tracked amphibious vehicle. Designed for use in airborne troops and landing by parachute or landing method. Adopted for service in 1985 year. Until recently, the BMD-2 was the heaviest (combat weight 8.2 tons), but now tanks have begun to appear in the armament of the airborne assault divisions of the airborne forces. However, they were not taken to Kazakhstan.

Withdrawal of the CSTO peacekeeping forces from Kazakhstan

Il-76 aircraft of the military transport aviation of the Russian Ministry of Defense for the export of military equipment and personnel of the Russian contingent of the CSTO peacekeeping forces from Kazakhstan to the point of permanent deployment, at the airport “Almaty” © Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation

Loading military equipment from the Russian contingent of the CSTO peacekeeping forces onto the Il-76MD aircraft of the military transport aviation of the Russian Ministry of Defense at an airfield in Kazakhstan © Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation

Loading the personnel of the Russian contingent of the CSTO peacekeeping forces into the Il-76 aircraft of the military transport aviation of the Russian Ministry of Defense at the Almaty airfield in Kazakhstan for departure to the point of permanent deployment © Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation

Loading of military equipment from the Russian contingent of the CSTO peacekeeping forces onto the Il-76MD aircraft of the military transport aviation of the Russian Ministry of Defense at an airfield in Kazakhstan © Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation

Loading the personnel of the Russian contingent of the CSTO peacekeeping forces into the Il-76 aircraft of the military transport aviation of the Russian Ministry of Defense at the Almaty airfield in Kazakhstan for departure to the point of permanent deployment © Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation < /i>

The Il-76 aircraft of the military transport aviation of the Russian Ministry of Defense for the export of military equipment and personnel of the Russian contingent of the CSTO peacekeeping forces from Kazakhstan to the point of permanent deployment, at the airport “Almaty” © Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation < p>

Il-76 military transport aircraft landing at the airport in Ivanovo © Russian Ministry of Defense

Il-76 aircraft with Russian peacekeepers arriving at the Ivanovo-Severny military airfield © Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation

Russian peacekeepers at the Il-76 aircraft during a solemn meeting after their arrival at the Ivanovo-Severny military airfield © Russian Ministry of Defense

Russian peacekeepers at the Il-76 aircraft during a solemn meeting after their arrival at the Ivanovo-Severny military airfield © Russian Ministry of Defense

Unloading military equipment from the Russian contingent of the CSTO peacekeeping forces from the military transport aircraft of the Russian Ministry of Defense at the airport in Ivanovo © Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation

Russian peacekeepers during a solemn meeting after their arrival at the Ivanovo-Severny military airfield © RIA Novosti/Dmitry Ryzhakov

Withdrawal of the CSTO peacekeeping forces from Kazakhstan

The Il-76 aircraft of the military transport aviation of the Russian Ministry of Defense for the export of military equipment and personnel of the Russian contingent of the CSTO peacekeeping forces from Kazakhstan to the point of permanent deployment, at the Almaty airport © Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation

Loading of military equipment from the Russian contingent of the CSTO peacekeeping forces onto the Il-76MD aircraft of the military transport aviation of the Russian Ministry of Defense at an airfield in Kazakhstan © Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation

Loading the personnel of the Russian contingent of the CSTO peacekeeping forces onto the Il-76 aircraft of the military transport aviation of the Russian Ministry of Defense at the Almaty airfield in Kazakhstan for departure to the point of permanent deployment © Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation

Loading of military equipment from the Russian contingent of the CSTO peacekeeping forces onto the Il-76MD aircraft of the military transport aviation of the Russian Ministry of Defense at an airfield in Kazakhstan © Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation

Loading the personnel of the Russian contingent of the CSTO peacekeeping forces into the Il-76 aircraft of the military transport aviation of the Russian Ministry of Defense at the Almaty airfield in Kazakhstan for departure to the point of permanent deployment © Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation

Il-76 aircraft of the military transport aviation of the Russian Ministry of Defense for the export of military equipment and personnel of the Russian contingent of the CSTO peacekeeping forces from Kazakhstan to the permanent deployment point, at the airport “Almaty” © Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation

An Il-76 military transport aircraft landing at the airport in Ivanovo © Russian Defense Ministry

Il-76 aircraft with Russian peacekeepers arriving at the Ivanovo-Severny military airfield © Russian Defense Ministry

Russian peacekeepers at the Il-76 aircraft during a solemn meeting after their arrival at the Ivanovo-Severny military airfield .jpg” height=”531″ width=”794″ style=”display: block;” />

Russian peacekeepers at the Il-76 aircraft during a solemn meeting after their arrival at the Ivanovo-Severny military airfield © Russian Defense Ministry

Unloading military equipment from the Russian contingent of the CSTO peacekeeping forces from the military transport aircraft of the Russian Ministry of Defense at the airport in Ivanovo © Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation

Russian peacekeepers during a solemn meeting after their arrival at the military airfield Ivanovo-Severny © RIA Novosti/Dmitry Ryzhakov

Источник aif.ru

Peskov ruled out the deployment of offensive weapons in Ukraine

Dmitry Peskov: Russia excludes the deployment of offensive weapons in Ukraine According to Dmitry Peskov, the Kremlin ruled out the deployment of offensive weapons in Ukraine. Earlier, Bloomberg quoted Peskov as saying that Russia would not give guarantees of non-deployment of offensive weapons

Russia excludes for itself the deployment of offensive weapons on the territory of Ukraine. This was stated by the press secretary of the President of Russia Dmitry Peskov in an interview with Ekho Moskvy, the editor-in-chief of the radio station Alexei Venediktov said in his Telegram channel.

“We cannot exclude that our partners (the United States and NATO) can deploy offensive weapons on the territory of Ukraine. For our part, we exclude for ourselves the deployment of offensive weapons there»— according to a message published by Venediktov.

According to Peskov, therefore, Russia requires legal guarantees for itself.

Earlier, Peskov gave an interview to CNN, which will air on Sunday. In an interview, according to Bloomberg, he said: “We will not say that we will not deploy any offensive weapons on the territory of Ukraine.”

In response to the question of RIA Novosti, does Russia really have such plans, Peskov replied: “These are their words. See context.

In late December 2021, U.S. President Joe Biden, in a telephone conversation with Vladimir Putin, promised that the United States would not deploy offensive strike weapons in Ukraine, a Russian aide said. President Yuri Ushakov. At the same time, Biden said that in the event of a Russian invasion of Ukraine, the United States would take “decisive measures.”

From January 10 to 13, three rounds of negotiations between Russia and the United States, NATO and the OSCE took place on Moscow's proposed security guarantees. The consultations ended without concrete results, the Russian side assessed them as unsuccessful.

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Peskov announced NATO’s “gradual invasion” of Ukraine

Peskov: relations with NATO approached the “red line” due to the “invasion” of the alliance in Ukraine NATO is approaching Russian borders, and the country cannot tolerate such a development, Peskov said. Under these conditions, Moscow is “forced to take precautionary measures”: Russian troops are near the Ukrainian border

Joint military exercises of NATO in Western Ukraine

Relations between Russia and NATO “came to the red line” due to the approach of the North Atlantic Alliance to Ukraine, presidential spokesman Dmitry Peskov said in an interview with CNN.

“We are witnessing a gradual NATO invasion of the territory of Ukraine with its infrastructure, its instructors, stocks of defensive and offensive weapons, training of the Ukrainian military and the like,” — he said (quote from RIA Novosti).

Peskov believes that the current situation poses a threat to stability and security in Europe and the “European security architecture”, and Moscow “can no longer tolerate” such a development.

“And this was the main reason why President Putin said: “Guys, for us this is— real threat»,— the spokesman added.

According to him, against the background of the “unfriendly atmosphere” due to NATO exercises and the advancement of its infrastructure to the east, Moscow is “forced to take precautionary measures.” “Russian troops are on the territory of the Russian Federation near the Ukrainian border, and we consider it necessary to leave them there in the face of a very tense situation,” — Peskov said. In an interview with “Echo of Moscow” the press secretary pointed out that the Kremlin ruled out the deployment of offensive weapons in Ukraine.

He also added that NATO, in the understanding of the Russian authorities— it is “an organization that was created for confrontation”, which every day approaches the borders of the country.

Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said in December that NATO “has swung at the doorstep of our house,” which Russia will not put up with. President Vladimir Putin also said that the United States came with missiles to the “threshold of our house.” Clauses on non-expansion of NATO to the east, non-joining of the countries of the former USSR and a ban on military activity on the territory of Ukraine are contained in the draft security guarantee treaty that Russia sent to the alliance and the United States. They were discussed at a series of consultations between Russia, the United States and NATO, but the parties did not come to specific agreements.

NATO pointed out that they did not promise not to move eastward, and the decision to join the bloc of Ukraine should be taken Kiev and countries— alliance members. At the same time, Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg insists that NATO support for Kiev does not pose a threat to Moscow.

For their part, Western countries, primarily the United States, believe that Russia is planning an “invasion” to Ukraine and is probably preparing a provocation as a pretext for this. The Russian authorities have repeatedly rejected these messages.

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The authorities reported on the consequences of the riots in Almaty

Alma-Ata police: 160 people were killed during the riots, 405 criminal cases were opened . The authorities are investigating hundreds of criminal cases

In Almaty, during the riots, 160 people were killed, including 11 law enforcement officers. This was stated at a briefing by the head of the police department of the city, Kanat Taimerdenov, NUR.kz reports.

According to him, the marauders plundered more than 1.6 thousand objects of trade, damaged and destroyed more than 356 cars, including official police vehicles. “Other groups of terrorists simultaneously seized seven arms stores, where they took possession of weapons and ammunition,” — Tengrinews quotes him. More than 1,300 weapons were stolen during the riots, Taimerdenov said.

During the days of the riots, “professionally trained people who are fluent in weapons and combat methods” attacked various buildings of the city, while they did not leave the dead, but took the wounded with them, Taimerdenov said. According to him, unknown people seized the morgue, from where they stole more than 40 bodies.

The police chief claims that the violators, intending to discredit the security forces, changed into military and police uniforms, Orda.kz reports. “Terrorists, extremists and bandits incited the crowd to seize the akimat”, — he declared.

Berik Zhuiriktaev, chief prosecutor of Alma-Ata, said that the authorities are investigating 405 criminal cases, and 249 people have been arrested. “About two thousand objects suffered in the city at the hands of criminals,” — he said. He stated that the security forces did not use weapons during the riots, because “terrorists used civilians who took to the streets as human shields.”

Now, according to the police chief and the prosecutor, the situation in the city has stabilized .

Protests in Kazakhstan began at the beginning of the year after a doubling of the price of liquefied gas. A few days later, spontaneous rallies turned into clashes with law enforcement officers, the seizure of administrative buildings and looting. According to the authorities, a total of 225 people died in the country, 546 criminal cases were opened.

According to President Kassym-Jomart Tokayev, a “terrorist war” was unleashed against Kazakhstan, the purpose of which he called the seizure of power in the country. He introduced a state of emergency in the country and announced the start of an anti-terrorist operation. The head of state turned to the CSTO countries for help, which on January 9 completed the deployment of a peacekeeping contingent in the country. The withdrawal of troops from the united group began on January 13.

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NYT learned of Russia’s “hints” to deploy nuclear weapons closer to the United States

NYT: Russian diplomats in talks 'hint' about deploying missiles off US coast According to the NYT, in Geneva, Russian officials hinted at a readiness to deploy “certain weapons systems in unspecified locations” off US coasts in case of failure to comply with security guarantees

Intercontinental ballistic missile of strategic missile system “Avangard”

Russia's representatives, in a series of consultations with the US and NATO in Europe this week, conceded that if the West fails to meet its demands for security guarantees, the country could deploy nuclear weapons close to US borders. This is reported by The New York Times.

According to the newspaper, this is not about direct statements, but about “hints” to deploy nuclear missiles near the coast of the United States, which would reduce the time of approach to the target to five minutes.

RBC sent a request to the press center of the Russian Foreign Ministry.

As the newspaper writes, in negotiations with the United States in Geneva, Russia insisted that it had no plans to invade Ukraine. However, according to the article, the Russian side has hinted that it may take other steps. According to the NYT, a senior Russian diplomat admitted that “Moscow is ready to place some weapons systems in unspecified places.”

The publication notes that this coincides with the assumptions of American intelligence that Russia may consider the possibility of deploying new nuclear weapons— tactical nuclear weapons or hypersonic missiles.

At the same time, the newspaper does not rule out that we can talk about “intimidation”; from Russia.

The WSJ recalled President Vladimir Putin's November statement at the Russia Calling! forum. Then he said that at the beginning of 2022, the Zircon sea-based hypersonic missile would enter the country's armed forces. Her flight time “to those who give orders” to NATO would be five minutes, he said. According to the head of state, such weapons in the country began to be created in response to threats from the alliance.

The Pentagon previously called the tests of “Zircon” a threat and a “destabilizing factor”, since this weapon system, according to the US military, can carry a nuclear charge.

At the end of December, Putin said that Russia's response in the event that NATO countries refuse to consider proposals for security guarantees can be “very different”, it depends on the proposals of military experts. On January 13, Deputy Foreign Minister Sergei Ryabkov, in an interview with RTVI, allowed the deployment of Russian troops in Cuba or in Venezuela. According to him, the decision depends on “the actions of American colleagues,” although Moscow does not want such a development of the situation. “If Russia were moving in this direction, we would decisively deal with this,” — US presidential adviser Jake Sullivan said in response.

Negotiations between Russia and the United States on security guarantees were held in Geneva on January 9–10, and on January 12 a meeting of the Russia— Council took place in Brussels; NATO.

All parties rated the meetings as businesslike and useful. At the same time, Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov, following the results of the talks, declared that NATO was completely incapable of negotiating. US Deputy Secretary of State Wendy Sherman called unacceptable some of Russia's proposals regarding refusal to admit Ukraine and Georgia to NATO and move the alliance eastward.

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Former KGB and FSB officer who fled to Britain complained of threats

Ex-KGB and FSB agent Karpichkov, who fled to Britain, said that he received a letter with threats Boris Karpichkov, who fled to the UK in 1998, said that he had received seven threatening letters in recent years. The last one, which says “death is on the way”, came on January 2

Boris Karpichkov

Boris Karpichkov, who served in the KGB, and after the collapse of the USSR— to the FSB, said that he had received a letter with threats to life, writes the newspaper Mirror.

Karpichkov claims that the message, sealed in a bubble wrap envelope, arrived by mail on January 2. “Traitors like you have no place on earth. Death is on the way. You are already half dead, — It said.

According to the former agent, he received seven such messages in recent years. Shortly after Karpichkov opened the last letter, he developed flu-like symptoms, he said.

Karpichkov was a major in the KGB in the 1980s, after the collapse of the Soviet Union he served in the counterintelligence of the FSB in the same rank. In particular, he was engaged in intelligence in Latvia, but in 1995 he began to transfer information to the Latvian government and its Western allies, wrote Delfi. In 1998, Karpichkov fled to the UK, where he now lives.

In Latvia, Karpichkov is accused of possession of firearms, fraud and forgery of documents, writes Mirror. Riga several times unsuccessfully demanded that London hand over the ex-agent to her. In addition, the Latvian authorities asked the National Anti-Crime Agency (NCA) of Britain to provide them with data on the whereabouts of Karpichkov and received them in 2019, the publication reports.

In 2018, in an interview with Bloomberg, Karpichkov said that his name was on the list of people who were allegedly going to be liquidated by the Russian special services. According to him, former GRU colonel Sergei Skripal also appeared on this list. He and his daughter Julia were found unconscious on a street in Salisbury in March of that year. The British authorities claimed that they were poisoned with the Novichok nerve agent, which was developed in the USSR. In London, they concluded that poisoning “with a high degree of probability” Moscow was involved, the UK imposed sanctions against Russia. The Russian authorities have repeatedly denied involvement in the incident.

Karpichkov said that he received a warning about the attempt on Skripal on his birthday— 12th of February. According to the ex-agent, this information was given to him by phone, but at first he did not take it seriously.

In December 2021, the head of the Foreign Intelligence Service, Sergei Naryshkin, said that the liquidation of defectors was contrary to the notion of “deserved by traitors retaliation, and Russia does not do this. The best punishment for those who “betrayed the Motherland”, according to him— «live the days with an unbearable load on your conscience».

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French parliament approves introduction of vaccine passes amid protests

The French Parliament in the final reading approved the bill on missed vaccinations The vaccine pass will replace the current sanitary pass and tighten restrictions, including canceling the negative test for COVID-19 when visiting restaurants and bars Thousands protest against new passes

The National Assembly (lower house of parliament) of France has approved the introduction of vaccination passes in the country in the final reading, reports France Info. 215 deputies supported the adoption of the initiative, 58 voted against. Another seven MPs abstained.

Earlier this week, the document was approved by the Senate (upper house). The government of the country expects that it will come into force on January 20.

In accordance with the document, the vaccine pass will replace the current sanitary one. It will be available only after a full vaccination against coronavirus, and only for persons over 16 years of age. That is, if earlier, during the validity of sanitary passes, it was possible to get into public places by a negative test for coronavirus, now, with vaccine passes, this requires full vaccination. Vaccine passes will be valid when entering entertainment events, restaurants and bars, fairs and when traveling by interregional public transport. A negative test will still be sufficient to access health services.

A group of socialist parliamentarians intends to apply to the Constitutional Council and ask it to check the new law on the observance of basic civil liberties, writes France Info. In this case, the entry into force of the legislative norm will be delayed by several days.

At the end of 2021 and the beginning of 2022, the daily number of people infected with coronavirus in France began to rise sharply. The indicator repeatedly updated the maximum during this period. So, if in December a little more than 100 thousand cases were detected on average per day, then in early January there were already more than 250 thousand, and then— more than 300 thousand. According to the sanitary and medical agency Santé publique France, on January 14, 329.3 thousand infected people were registered in the country.

Against this background, protests are taking place in France against restrictive measures due to the pandemic and, in particular, new vaccine passes. The latest demonstrations took place on Saturday, the French Interior Ministry counted 54 thousand participants. The department noted that this is almost two times less than last weekend, when more than 105 thousand protesters took to the streets.

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Secretary General announced NATO’s readiness to discuss arms reduction with Russia

Stoltenberg: NATO will not withdraw troops from countries that joined the alliance after 1997 At the same time, the bloc is ready to discuss arms reduction with Russia

NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg said that the alliance is ready to discuss arms reduction issues with Russia, despite the fact that the parties disagree on key issues, for example, on the entry of new members into NATO, in particular, Ukraine. Stoltenberg said this in an interview with the Canadian television channel CBC.

“NATO allies cannot compromise the absolutely key principles of European, national security: the fact that each country chooses its own path— whether or not she wants to be a member of an alliance like NATO <…>. Also, we cannot agree that we should not have a military in all the countries that have joined NATO since 1997,— said Stoltenberg.

He noted that if the bloc goes to withdraw its troops, half of the countries that joined it will find themselves without protection and will become “second-class members.” At the same time, NATO is ready to discuss important issues with Russia, the solution of which “would be good for both Russia and NATO”, for example, the reduction of weapons, including nuclear ones.

The NATO Secretary General also called for a de-escalation of the situation in Ukraine. In his opinion, Russia should take measures for this. At the same time, the alliance is ready to listen to “concerns” Moscow regarding security in the region. According to Stoltenberg, NATO is not yet sure what Russia's intentions are regarding Ukraine, but given its “rhetoric” and «gathering of troops» near the Ukrainian border, we can talk about the threat of an escalation of the situation.

On January 12, in Brussels, for the first time in 2.5 years, meetings of the Council of Russia— NATO, where the parties discussed, among other things, draft security guarantees submitted by Russia. Stoltenberg called the discussion “difficult” but important. He said that the parties exchanged views on the situation in and around Ukraine, as well as the implications for European security. The Secretary General acknowledged that there are “significant differences” between Russia and NATO; on these issues and it will not be easy to overcome them.

Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov, in turn, noted that the negotiations were held in a businesslike manner and the alliance stated its tough position calmly.

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SBU engaged in “involvement” of the Russian Federation in cyberattacks in Ukraine

The Security Service of Ukraine, together with the State Special Communications Service and the Cyber ​​Police, continues to investigate a cyber attack on the websites of state authorities that occurred on the night of January 13-14 2022.

In total, more than 70 government websites were attacked, 10 of which were subjected to unauthorized interference.

The content of the sites was not changed, and no personal data was leaked.< /p>

At the initiative of the SBU, a number of critical state resources were disabled, including the public services portal.

The attackers hacked into the infrastructure of a commercial company that had administrative access to the web resources affected by the attack.

p>

So far, we can say that there are some signs of involvement in the incident of hacker groups associated with special Russian security services, the SBU said in a statement.

Источник www.mk.ru

Nigerian militants pledge allegiance to al-Qaeda

Jihadist resources circulated a statement by the Jamaat Ansarul Muslimin Fi Bilad As-Sudan (DAMBS) group banned in Russia, in which the militants from Nigeria declared an oath to Al-Qaeda (banned in the Russian Federation). They released photos of the aftermath of a roadside IED blast as a motorcycle carrying government militias passed by. At the same time, the propagandists did not specify the number of victims of the terrorist act and the place of its commission. This is the group's first documented attack in a long time, the Directorate 4 telegram channel writes.

DAMBS has been known since 2012 as a jihadist group that broke away from Boko Haram because of its notorious leader Abu Bakr Shekau . At the same time, the militants of the group carried out the first terrorist attacks against the Nigerian Ministry of Internal Affairs and military personnel, and also kidnapped a French citizen. In 2013, militants attacked peacekeepers on their way to Mali and executed seven Lebanese workers.

According to the UN, the group had close ties to al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb. However, there is currently no information about the leadership or the number of militants in the DAMBS.

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North Korea fires unidentified projectiles into the Sea of ​​Japan

Photo: pixabay.com

The press service of the South Korean Ministry of Defense reported that the DPRK military launched an unidentified projectile in the direction of the Japanese seas. This is reported by the Yonhap agency.

It is specified that on Monday, North Korea launched at least two projectiles towards the Sea of ​​Japan. According to preliminary information, the shells turned out to be ballistic missiles. They fell into the water.

The launch was made from the Sunan International Airport, located near Pyongyang. No other details were given.

The Primorsky Department for Hydrometeorology and Environmental Monitoring added that the radiation background in the region bordering the DPRK, after the launch of an unidentified projectile, remains normal.

Recall that this is the fourth launch of DPRK projectiles this year. The South Korean military has previously reported launching unidentified flying projectiles on January 5, 11 and 14.

Источник www.mk.ru

Rioters in Kazakhstan hunted for the treasures of the Nazarbayev Museum

Our special correspondents report from Kazakhstan

Nursultan Nazarbayev's museum in his native village of Shamalgan was nearly looted during the recent unrest in Kazakhstan. Local residents, who united in the national squad, managed to defend the historical and cultural center “Atameken”. The most valuable exhibits were placed in a special storage in advance.

Presidential limousine of Nursultan Nazarbayev of 2001 in the museum of his native village is placed in a glass cube Photo: Svetlana Samodelova

Residents of Shamalgan told us that Nursultan Nazarbayev came to his native village on January 2, apparently, he spent the night with his brother – Elbasy's younger brother Bolat and sister Anipa have houses in Shamalgan and live there. Then Nazarbayev left for Kyrgyzstan (3 hours from Shamalgan to Bishkek) and flew to the United Arab Emirates. Read about it in our report.

The foothill village of Shamalgan, where the first President of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev was born and grew up, is quite large. It is 8 kilometers to the district center Kaskelen, and about 50 kilometers to Alma-Ata. The car does not go along a good road, but flies. No patching for you, let alone potholes.

Shamalgan can hardly be called a village, rather, it is a well-maintained town with five schools, a modern sports complex, a cultural center, two supermarkets, and a large fruit store. Two streets in the village – Alzhan-ana and Abish-ata – are named after the parents of the first president of Kazakhstan. As the locals say, not everyone can afford to buy a house here. They are twice as expensive as the national average. The residents are very creative. For example, we saw a car wash, where the inscription was attached to the facade: Abu Dhabi. No wonder they chose the name of the capital of the UAE.

The gas station in Shamalgan is called the capital of the United Arab Emirates Photo: Svetlana Samodelova < p>A large area has been given over to the Nursultan Nazarbayev Museum. In official documents, it is designated as the historical and cultural center “Atameken”. The center was built in 2017, when Nazarbayev was still the current president.

In the foyer, we meet with the eyes of Nursultan Nazarbayev. Elbasy's portrait is very unusual. It is made of spectacle frames with diamond inclusions and miraculously repeats the features of the first president of Kazakhstan.

“Look closer,” senior researcher Alpamys Abu urges us. — Behind each lens of the mosaic are portraits of batyrs that live in people's memory.

One can imagine how much a painting commissioned from the American artist David Datong cost. It is only known that it was presented to the President's Foundation on behalf of the akim of the then South Kazakhstan region.

The building of the Nazarbayev Museum in Shamalgan looks stylish Photo: Svetlana Samodelova

— Yes, he visited our museum twice, the last time was in 2019. Each time he expressed his gratitude for the fact that people honor him in his native village.

– This initiative was made by classmates of Nursultan Nazarbayev. The money for the construction of the complex was allocated by patrons, including bankers.

The museum has a model of the house that Nursultan Nazarbayev built together with his shepherd father. His mother was from a mullah family. Nursultan Nazarbayev has two brothers and a sister. The eldest of the Satybaldy brothers is no longer alive, he died in 1981. His younger brother Bolat, who became one of the richest people in Kazakhstan, and his sister Anipa live in Shamalgan.

The house where Nursultan Nazarbayev grew up burned down in the early 2000s due to a short circuit in the electrical wiring. Nobody dared to approach the burning house, because video cameras were installed everywhere.

Model of the house of the Nazarbayev family in Shamalgan. The house itself burned down Photo: Irina Bobrova

A separate stand is dedicated to the genealogical tree of the Nazarbayevs.

We are told that a person hides his origin only in two cases: if he really does not know his mother and father, and if his father was a horse thief or a robber, the guide explains.

As it turned out, Nursultan Nazarbayev, as a child, knew by heart 12 generations of his ancestors, among whom were Karasai batyr, a participant in the Dzungarian battles, and Bolek batyr, who led a thousandth army.

< img src="https://static.mk.ru/upload/entities/2022/01/16/22/articlesImages/image/73/b0/11/50/dae2f315cfc7e8f4e3d99bd26c6d5ac3.jpg" height="600" width=" 449" />

Genealogical tree of the Nazarbayev family Photo: Svetlana Samodelova

Nursultan Nazarbayev's mother Alzhan was known as the best singer in the village, she also became famous as an improvisational poet. She often organized and led holidays. Nursultan inherited her oratorical and musical abilities from her mother. The villagers say that he played the button accordion and dombra very well. In order to buy a button accordion, all summer he sculpted clay bricks for his neighbor, who built a house. With the proceeds of 32 rubles, I bought an instrument and a tutorial for playing the button accordion. I taught myself how to play it. The whole street gathered at their house to dance the foxtrot. Loud music disturbed neighbors. And the father of Nursultan Nazarbayev even threatened to cut the accordion. Then he and the guys began to leave to dance outside the village, where the corn fields began.

Nazarbayev in the Young Naturalist circle Photo: Irina Bobrova

Having put together a propaganda team, Nursultan Nazarbayev traveled with his Komsomol friends to give concerts in neighboring villages, where, along with songs, he also performed Russian folk ditties. According to the recollections of classmates, he waltzed well, and the girls often queued up to dance with him.

Near the house of the Nazarbayev family, a large apple orchard was planted. They took care of the trees in such a way that they always had the largest harvest of apples.

“Talking” frames of the Nazarbayevs' tomb in the ancestral village of Shamalgan appeared

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According to the recollections of old-timers, in the 1940s, the Nazarbayevs sheltered the Tumenov family in their house, who were deported from Karachay-Cherkessia.

— As a token of gratitude, the champion of Russia in army hand-to-hand combat Albert Tumenov presented his belt to the museum. Nursultan Nazarbayev's younger brother Bolat received him in the village and accompanied him. Representatives of 17 nationalities live in Shamalgan, and now everyone supports each other.

“The villagers and I ourselves guarded the building of the museum. The most valuable things belonging to Nursultan Nazarbayev were immediately removed. We have a good vault with safes.

— About 20 people drove up in a car to the gate. Our residents, who united in a squad, came out and explained to them that this is a protected facility, and it would be better for them not to try to enter its territory.

— No, in our village everyone knows that there are video cameras around the entire perimeter of the museum. These were visitors. Who they are – we can only guess.

– The museum must be preserved, this is our history. In addition, there are not many cultural places in Shamalgan. Why remove it?

The cult of Nazarbayev's face: the museum of the first president of Kazakhstan turned out to be luxurious

See related photo gallery

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SpaceX has scheduled the launch of Starlink satellites on January 18

The American company SpaceX plans to launch another batch of 49 Starlink Internet satellites into orbit on January 18, Interfax reports.

According to available information, the launch of a heavy Falcon 9 launch vehicle with a mini – satellites are expected to be carried out on Tuesday at 03:26 Moscow time from launch pad 39A at the Cape Canaveral Space Center (Florida).

It is noted that this will be the 36th launch of a group of Internet satellites into orbit since May 2019 as part of the Starlink project. 

Recall that the Starlink network is designed to provide the inhabitants of the Earth with broadband Internet access. In total, the American company is going to deploy 11,000 satellites in orbit. The total cost of this project is estimated at ten billion dollars.

The SpaceX orbital constellation already consists of 1991 spacecraft.

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CSTO peacekeepers flew from Kazakhstan to the Ulyanovsk region and the Moscow region

Feature Protests in Kazakhstan amid rising gas prices

Russian peacekeepers from the CSTO forces in Kazakhstan, together with military equipment, flew from Alma-Ata to Russia, the press service of the Russian Defense Ministry reports.

Il-76 aircraft will deliver personnel and equipment of the Airborne Forces units, which performed tasks as part of the collective peacekeeping forces, to the Vostochny airfields; in the Ulyanovsk region and “Chkalovsky” in the Moscow region.

According to the Minister of Defense of the Russian Federation Sergei Shoigu, the withdrawal of the peacekeeping The contingent from the republic is planned to be completed by January 19.

Earlier, Russian President Vladimir Putin noted the important role of the CSTO peacekeeping forces in stabilizing the situation in Kazakhstan.

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Japan says North Korea fired ballistic missile

North Korea launched what is believed to be a ballistic missile towards the Sea of ​​Japan on Monday, TASS reports.

This is evidenced by data from the Japanese Coast Guard.

It is noted that the rocket fell into the sea. Representatives of the department warn fishing vessels in the area of ​​a possible danger, as well as that they do not approach rocket debris if they are found.

Note that this is the fourth rocket launch carried out by the DPRK since the beginning this year.

Earlier, the United States proposed to the UN to impose new sanctions against North Korea in response to ballistic missile launches in recent months.

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Scientists have suggested the age of the stone under the monument to Peter I

Scientists from St. Petersburg State University and Mining University came to the conclusion that the age of the Bronze Horseman pedestal is about 1.5-1.6 billion years, RIA Novosti reports.

It is reported that the Thunder-stone is a granite of biotite-muscovite potassium-feldspar composition.

« The related relation of the Thunder-stone to such rocks is also indicated by the pegmatite veinlets developed in it, that is, the veinlets of an igneous rock with a characteristic structure, enriched in rare minerals, — scientists explained.

Earlier it was reported that experts did not reveal any damage to the monument to Peter I in St. Petersburg, which a group of men had previously climbed on.

August 5, 2018 several men climbed in. According to eyewitnesses, they tried to install a collapsible brazier on the monument.

Policemen detained two suspects. Administrative protocols on petty hooliganism were drawn up against violators and a fine was issued.

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Myasnikov told who is not dangerous “omicron”

Plot The spread of a new strain of coronavirus “omicron”

The doctor and TV presenter Alexander Myasnikov said that the new strain of coronavirus “omicron” not dangerous for those whose immunity protects against infection with acute respiratory diseases, writes Vechernyaya Moskva.

According to him, “60–70%” of the planet's population.

«People who are genetically resistant to infections and those who have strong enough immunity not to catch acute respiratory infections will not get sick», — he explained.

The medic added that those infected with the new strain should stay at home, since when they are hospitalized they have a risk of “catching”; a more dangerous strain “delta”.

Earlier, Myasnikov expressed the opinion that the “omicron” wave in Russia will begin in the middle January.

December 28, the head of Rospotrebndzor Anna Popova suggested that “omicron” can overload the country's health care system due to its high contagiousness. 

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Russian scientists have suggested the age of the stone under the monument to Peter I

The approximate age and mineral composition of the famous Thunder-stone – the pedestal of the “Bronze Horseman” – was first suggested by Russian mineralogists. Scientists from St. Petersburg State University and Mining University came to the conclusion that the age of the rock is about 1.5-1.6 billion years, and it is a granite of biotite-muscovite potassium-feldspar composition. The results of the work are published in a scientific article.

As RIA Novosti was informed at St. Petersburg State University, scientists led by honorary professor Andrey Bulakh (the largest expert on natural stone in the architecture of St. Petersburg) examined more than 20 mineral samples taken without harm to the monument. These were natural chips on the surface of the Bronze Horseman's pedestal. Samples were taken from 2003 to 2018.

The pedestal of the famous monument to Peter I on Senate Square – the Bronze Horseman – was created from a huge granite monolith found in the vicinity of the village of Lakhta near St. Petersburg and called the Thunder Stone. “Wild Rock” had a crack, which, according to the legend of local residents, was caused by a lightning strike.

The authors of the scientific article drew attention to the similarity of the mineral composition of the Thunder-stone with the biotite-muscovite granites of the Vyborg massif, one of the largest granite massifs in the world. As is known, the age of these rocks is estimated as Lower Proterozoic (1.5-1.6 billion years). “The related relationship of the Thunder-stone to such rocks is also indicated by the pegmatite veinlets developed in it, that is, the veinlets of an igneous rock with a characteristic structure, enriched with rare minerals,” the scientists say.

At the same time, according to them, the question of the presence of topaz in the granite of the Thunder-stone remains open.

"This mineral is found in the granites of the Vyborg massif, so it would be important to check the similarity of the Thunder-stone with such a rock. To do this, you need to study the stone pedestal of the "Bronze Horseman" in petrographic thin sections (a method for studying thin plates of a rock or mineral). In addition, the exact place of origin of the Thunder Stone" is still in question, the researchers note.

The analysis of samples was carried out on the basis of the resource centers “Microscopy and Microanalysis” and “X-ray Diffraction research methods” of the Science Park of St. Petersburg State University. Electron and ion microscopy, electron probe microanalysis and other methods were used. 3:1036:586_1920x0_80_0_0_db1035c74eeeb0979d5c62d8c5a69eb4.jpg” alt=”Russian scientists have suggested the age of the stone under the monument to Peter I” />

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“Interest in the history of the pedestal is not fading away, and there are still many “white spots”. For example, the article gives an estimated age, but for more accurate definitions, special research methods must be applied, and this requires material” , — noted Svetlana Yanson, Deputy Director of the Microscopy and Microanalysis Resource Center of the St. Petersburg State University Science Park, Candidate of Geological and Mineralogical Sciences, co-author of the article. on a pedestal on the Senate Square. “Honorary Professor of St. Petersburg State University Andrey Bulakh made many attempts to find them, but to no avail. Namely, they could help in further research, including for accurate age determination,” the authors of the article say.

North Korea fires an unidentified missile into the Sea of ​​Japan

North Korea launched an unidentified projectile, Tokyo admits that it is a ballistic missile The launch was reported by the South Korean military. In Japan, they believe that the projectile may be a ballistic missile. This is the fourth launch of North Korea this year

North Korea launched an unidentified projectile towards the Sea of ​​Japan, Yonhap reports, citing the South Korean Joint Chiefs of Staff.

According to the Japanese Kyodo citing the Japanese Coast Guard, the projectile may be a ballistic missile. After launch, it likely fell into the sea, the agency said. The Yomiuri newspaper notes that the Coast Guard requires ships on voyages to report any items that fall into the sea.

Yonhap writes that this is the fourth “show of force”; from the DPRK. The first launch in 2022 was made by the DPRK on January 5, the second— January 11 and the third— 14th.

Against the backdrop of launches, on January 13, the United States proposed imposing new UN sanctions against the DPRK. The US permanent mission to the organization noted that each launch violates UN Security Council resolutions, adding that there have been six launches since September (the launch on Sunday was the eighth).

North Korea threatened to “respond strongly and clearly to new restrictions. In Pyongyang, they said that “they will not give up their legal rights.” They also assured that the weapons being developed are not a threat to neighboring countries and are not directed at any of them. According to the authorities, missile launches are part of the army modernization process.

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Canadians advised not to travel to Ukraine because of “Russian aggression”

Canada advised citizens not to travel unnecessarily to Ukraine due to “Russian aggression” The authorities issued a warning due to “aggression” of Russia, as well as the presence of its troops near the border. Citizens advised to refrain from non-essential travel

The Government of Canada has revised its risk assessment of Ukraine and advised citizens not to travel to the country unless absolutely necessary, according to the government website.

“Avoid non-essential travel to Ukraine due to ongoing Russian aggression and troop presence in and out of the country,” — reported in the “Risk level” section.

Regarding Crimea, as well as the unrecognized DPR and LPR, there is a recommendation to refuse all travel.

In another section, on security, it says that since November 2021, there has been an increased threat posed by Russia associated with the deployment of troops near the Ukrainian border. “Safety conditions are unpredictable and can suddenly deteriorate,” — government website says.

“Russia's military actions in Ukraine could disrupt transport and services throughout the country,” also approved in the release.— This can seriously affect the ability of the embassy to provide consular services.

In December, the foreign ministers of the countries— members of the G7, which includes Canada, issued a statement condemning Russia's military buildup along the border with Ukraine, as well as Russian “aggressive rhetoric” regarding Kiev. They urged Moscow to reduce tensions in the region through diplomacy.

“Russia should not doubt that further military aggression against Ukraine will have large-scale consequences and will cost [for Russia] a lot,”— states stressed.

Russia has repeatedly stated that the movement of troops across its territory is an internal affair of the country. At the same time, the Kremlin assured that the increase in capacity does not pose a threat to any state and is not directed against any of the countries.

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Tokayev dismissed Nazarbayev’s nephew

Tokayev dismissed Nazarbayev's nephew Samat Abish from the post of first deputy chairman of the KNB

Another relative of the first president of Kazakhstan, Nursultan Nazarbayev, was dismissed. President Kassym-Jokart Tokayev signed a decree on the dismissal of Lieutenant-General Samat Abish, First Deputy Head of the National Security Committee, who is Nazarbayev's nephew.

The announcement was published on the official website of the President of Kazakhstan.

The head of the KNB, Karim Masimov, was fired by Tokayev on January 6. The next day, the Orda.kz portal, citing a source, reported that Abish had already been arrested, but then denied his own news, explaining that the interlocutor was “mistaken”.

The KNB called the material a “provocation”. On January 9, Tokayev dismissed two other deputy heads of the department, they, along with Massimov, were detained on suspicion of treason.

The material is being supplemented

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