On September 14, the State Duma adopted in the first reading a bill on supporting children raised in a family of guardians. This was reported on the website of the department.
The bill was submitted for consideration by the State Duma in June 2022. It involves amendments to two key federal laws of Russia on the family and education — to Article 54 of the Family Code (The right of a child to live and be brought up in a family) and to Article 67 of the Federal Law “On Education in the Russian Federation” (Organization of admission to training in basic general education programs).
What is the essence of the bill?
The new amendments give a child in care a “right of first choice” to the same school or kindergarten, if children from his new family are already being brought up or studying there. That is, if there are several children under guardianship in a family, then according to the bill, they should all be enrolled in one educational institution.
“A child under guardianship in a family, including in a foster family or in a foster family, has the right of preferential admission to study in the main general educational programs of preschool education and primary general education in the state or municipal educational organization in which the child who is being brought up with him in the same family », — State Duma Chairman Vyacheslav Volodin, at present, only siblings have the priority right to enroll in one school or kindergarten (it does not matter whether they have a common father and mother or only one common parent). However, families of foster parents and guardians most often have children who are not related to each other by blood, so this provision does not apply to them. That is why adoptive or foster parents face the problem of placing their children in one school, Volodin noted.
What inconvenience do children and caregivers experience?
If the guardian, foster or foster parents have children studying in different schools, then it is difficult to bring them to the beginning of classes on time, especially if the institutions are far from each other, the explanatory note to the bill says.
Except In addition, the authors of the document are concerned that with such trips, children cannot get a quality education, fully relax and safely get to school and back, and guardians cannot carry out full-fledged labor activities.
“The guardian who took the child to education takes on a huge responsibility. The task of the state — help such families: create favorable conditions, get rid of unnecessary worries, — Vyacheslav Volodin clarified.
The Chairman of the State Duma added that in the event of the final adoption of the law, the administration of institutions (kindergartens and schools) “will not have the right to refuse to enroll a child in a school or kindergarten if someone already goes to them something from his family.
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