Croatian president urges to prevent Finland and Sweden from joining NATO

Croatian President Zoran Milanovic believes that Zagreb, following Ankara, should prevent Sweden and Finland from joining NATO. The prime minister, who is having a “fierce dispute” with Milanovic, and the Croatian Foreign Minister do not agree with him

Zoran Milanovic

Croatian President Zoran Milanovic believes that his country should follow Turkey's example and try to prevent Sweden and Finland in NATO, reports AP.

According to the agency, Croatian Prime Minister Andrei Plenkovic does not agree with Milanovic; politicians have a “fierce argument” on a number of issues, including whether to support the application of the Scandinavian countries to join the North Atlantic Alliance.

According to Milanovic, before the Croatian parliament votes on the issue of NATO expansion, Zagreb must achieve changes in the electoral legislation of neighboring Bosnia and Herzegovina. The president is pushing for electoral reform that would give Bosnian Croats a better chance at high-ranking positions in that country. He demands that Bosnia and Herzegovina “change the electoral law within the next six months and give Croats their basic rights.”

Plenkovic, reacting to Milanovic's words, suggested its position at the meeting of leaders of the countries— NATO members in the presence of US President Joe Biden, rather than refer the issue to the Croatian Parliament, reports Euractiv. The prime minister said earlier that he had cut off contacts with the president because of the latter's pro-Russian views.

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The accession of Finland and Sweden to NATO is also supported by Croatian Foreign Minister Gordan Grlich-Radman. At the end of April, during a conversation with his Finnish colleague Pekka Haavisto, the minister said that Zagreb supports the alliance's open door policy and will support Helsinki if an application is submitted.

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Sweden and Finland applied to join the alliance on May 18, now they must be considered by the NATO Council. The discussion was supposed to start on the same day, however, according to the Financial Times, the talks broke down because of Turkey. President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said earlier that he was not ready to support the entry of the Scandinavian countries into the bloc, because they imposed sanctions against Ankara and refused to extradite members of the Kurdistan Workers' Party, whom Turkey considers terrorists.

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The US saw a chance to remove Turkey’s fears about Finland and Sweden in NATO

The White House is confident in its ability to resolve Turkey's concerns about Sweden and Finland joining NATO. Earlier, Erdogan called these countries a “guest house” for terrorists

Jake Sullivan

Turkey's doubts will be resolved and the NATO countries will unanimously decide on granting membership to Sweden and Finland, National Security Adviser Jake Sullivan said during a briefing. It was broadcast on YouTube.

“We are confident that in the end Finland and Sweden will go through an efficient and effective accession process, that Turkey's concerns can be resolved,”— Sullivan told (CNN quote).

He added that he held talks with the Turkish side on May 18, and US Secretary of State Anthony Blinken will also meet with his Turkish counterpart. According to him, the presidential administration “very well” refers to the course of the negotiation process.

«The most remarkable thing in the free world, in the Western alliance, in NATO— it's that you have a noisy collection of states that all have opinions, all have perspectives, all have interests, but they also know how and when to unite and how to resolve any differences,”” noted Sullivan.

Later, Blinken met with Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlut Chavosoglu. After the conversation, the Turkish minister said that Ankara's fears should be taken into account “not in words, but in deeds.” He called it an unacceptable situation when a country that intends to become an ally of Turkey in the alliance imposes sanctions on it.

“What is the reason? Our fight against the PKK). They consider the PKK closer to themselves than to us. Is that something acceptable?,— Chavosoglu asked. He noted that this issue concerns not only Helsinki and Stockholm, but also other parties.

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Sweden and Finland applied to join the alliance on May 18, now they must be considered by the NATO Council. According to Turkish President Recep Erdogan, Ankara will not support these applications, since Helsinki and Stockholm refused to extradite the terrorists and imposed sanctions. He also called these states “guest house”; for terrorists and warned that without the extradition of PKK members to Turkey, applications would not be approved.

According to the Financial Times, Turkey has blocked the discussion of Finland's and Sweden's applications to NATO. Now weeks of “diplomatic tension” are expected between Washington, Stockholm, Ankara and Helsinki, the newspaper writes.

According to Sabah, Turkey offered Sweden and Finland a ten-point manifesto, its acceptance as a condition for approval of the application for NATO membership. In particular, Ankara urges them to avoid contacts with the leaders of the PKK, refuse to accept PKK members to the parliaments of both countries, speed up the procedure for their extradition to Turkey, and refuse “contrary to the spirit of the alliance” directed against Turkey. actions and recognize the PKK and its offshoots as terrorist.

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FT learned of Turkey’s blocking of negotiations on Sweden and Finland in NATO

Ankara prevented the consideration of the applications of the two countries to join the alliance. Erdogan said earlier that Turkey will not approve the entry of Sweden and Finland into NATO due to sanctions and the lack of a clear position towards the Kurds

Turkey blocked the start of negotiations in NATO on joining the North Atlantic Alliance of Finland and Sweden, according to the Financial Times, citing a source.

According to the newspaper, NATO ambassadors met on Wednesday, May 18, to discuss the applications for joining the bloc, which were submitted by Helsinki and Stockholm, but Ankara did not give negotiations begin.

NATO declined to comment on information about the blocking of negotiations and cited the statement of Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg that “it is necessary to take into account the security interests of all allies.” According to him, the alliance expects to “work through all the issues and come to a quick solution.”

The FT notes that the delay caused by Turkey's actions calls into question NATO's ability to conduct an accelerated procedure for approving the applications of the two countries, as previously promised in the alliance. According to the newspaper, “several weeks of diplomatic tensions” are expected. between the United States, Turkey, Finland and Sweden on this issue.

All 30 countries must ratify applications for membership in the alliance— members of the bloc, but this process can only begin after NATO issues an accession protocol and formally invites Sweden and Finland to join the alliance, the publication points out.

The Scandinavian countries filed formal applications to join NATO on May 18, they should be considered by the Council of the North Atlantic Alliance.

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Two days earlier, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said that Ankara could not support this decision, since Helsinki and Stockholm refused to extradite members of the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) and FETO, whom the Turkish authorities consider terrorists, do not expressed a clear position in relation to these organizations imposed sanctions against Ankara. He also advised Sweden and Finland to “not bother” attempts to negotiate with Turkey.

According to Bloomberg and the Sabah newspaper, Turkey put forward conditions in exchange for agreeing to admit Sweden and Finland to NATO. Among them— the recognition of the PKK as a terrorist organization in these countries, the return of Turkey to the training program for pilots of American F-35 fighters and the lifting of sanctions from it for the purchase of the S-400 anti-aircraft complex from Russia.

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Bloomberg learned about Turkey’s demands for the admission of Sweden and Finland to NATO

Ankara demands a return to the F-35 pilot training program, the lifting of sanctions for the purchase of Russian C-400s, as well as public condemnation by Sweden and Finland of the PKK banned in Turkey

For approving the inclusion of Sweden and Finland in NATO Turkey demands, among other things, the return to the F-35 pilot training program and the lifting of sanctions for the purchase of Russian C-400s. Bloomberg reports this with reference to several high-ranking Turkish sources.

Another condition— public condemnation by these two countries of Kurdish formations and the recognition of the PKK as a terrorist organization. Ankara also demands that Sweden and Finland lift restrictions on the supply of weapons to it, which have been in effect since 2019 due to Turkey's operation in Syria.

The interlocutors of the agency explained that Turkey's official consent to the return of Greece to NATO in 1980 is now is seen as a mistake that the Turkish leadership did not want to repeat with the Scandinavian countries (Turkey and Greece have disagreements over Cyprus).

Finland and Sweden decided to join NATO after the start of Russia's military operation in Ukraine. On May 17, countries submitted official applications.

NATO membership requires consideration of applications by the North Atlantic Council— NATO's main political governing body. After that, the agreement on the membership of countries in the alliance must be ratified at the national level in all 30 countries that are in the military-political bloc.

On May 16, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said Ankara “can't say yes” for Finland and Sweden to join NATO. He explained this by the fact that the countries declared their unwillingness to extradite “terrorists” to Turkey. TRT wrote that Sweden and Finland refused to extradite members of the Kurdistan Workers' Party and FETO (a movement that arose around the ideas of Turkish writer Fethullah Gülen, which Turkey considers involved in a coup attempt in 2016).

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In turn, Finnish President Sauli Niinistö noted that Erdogan's statements “confused” him, because the Turkish leader told him by phone that he would accept joining the alliance. Niinistö also announced his readiness to discuss membership issues with his Turkish counterpart.

In addition, the leader of the largest faction of the European Parliament, Manfred Weber, threatened Ankara with isolation if it impedes the admission of new NATO members. “Anyone who questions the unity of NATO will be isolated within the Commonwealth,” — he said.

Russia and Turkey signed a contract for the S-400 in December 2017. The first deliveries began in July 2019. The United States opposed Turkey's decision and excluded it from the F-35 supply program. The Pentagon feared that as a result, Russia could obtain the data necessary to counter the F-35.

In December 2020, the United States also imposed sanctions against Turkey due to the purchase of the C-400, prohibiting the issuance of licenses and export permits Turkish Defense Industry Authority (SSB), which concludes contracts for the purchase of military equipment.

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Sweden and Finland apply to join NATO

The ambassadors of Sweden and Finland applied for these countries to join NATO. Putin said that their entry into the alliance would not pose a threat to Russia, but it would respond if the military infrastructure in these territories was expanded. .

Now applications for membership must be considered by the Council of the North Atlantic Alliance— the main political governing body of NATO. Then the agreement on membership of the countries in the alliance must be ratified at the national level in all 30 countries included in the bloc.

Sweden and Finland declared their intention to join NATO NATO against the background of the Russian special operation in Ukraine. Finland noted that the decision on membership in the alliance is not directed against anyone. According to President Sauli Niinistö, the country wants to “strengthen its security.”

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The political scientist assessed the chances of deploying NATO infrastructure in Sweden and Finland

The bloc's activities on their territory may be restricted

In mid-May, Sweden and Finland officially announced their intentions to join the North Atlantic Alliance, although both countries had maintained a neutral status for many years. Russian President Vladimir Putin noted that the entry of these countries into NATO does not pose a threat to Russia, but with the expansion of the bloc's military infrastructure, a response will follow. However, experts believe that military expansion may not happen, but much will depend on the development of the situation in Europe.

Photo: AP

In an interview with Lenta.ru, Andrey Kortunov, Director General of the Russian International Affairs Council, said that there is a conditional Scandinavian model of participation in NATO, which implies certain restrictions on its activities on the territory of member countries from Northern Europe.

As an example, the political scientist cited Norway, which was one of the founders of the bloc, joined it in 1949, but its entry into NATO was accompanied by restrictions on infrastructure, the presence of foreign troops in Norway, and joint exercises.

According to the expert, this also applies to other Nordic countries, including Iceland and Denmark. Kortunov noted that everything depends on the specific situation that develops for different countries. Thus, the political scientist added that the same Norway, against the background of changes in the general situation in the world, began to treat NATO activities on its territory and in its territorial waters more favorably.

The specialist believes that much will depend on the development of the situation both in Europe as a whole and directly in Northern Europe. Kortunov finds it difficult to imagine that Sweden and Finland will be pushed towards deeper integration into various NATO projects. According to the political scientist, everything will depend on the firmness of these states in defending their interests, as well as their readiness to show restraint in matters of concern to Russia.

The expert stressed that the member countries of the bloc have no obligations to deploy NATO forces in their territories. According to Kortunov, states have the right to independently determine the format of interaction with other members of the Alliance. Thus, the political scientist cited Turkey as an example, which, during the American intervention in Iraq, did not allow the United States to use the NATO infrastructure deployed on its territory.

The specialist concluded that in case of conflicts there is pressure, but there are also disagreements in NATO, and on the example of the Iraq incident, you can see that there was a split inside the bloc.

Read also:Turkey's disapproval of the entry of Sweden and Finland worried NATO.

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Three countries promised to help Finland and Sweden in the event of an attack on them

If Finland and Sweden are attacked on their territory before joining NATO, Iceland, Norway and Denmark will help them “by all means necessary”

Norway, Denmark and Iceland said they would help Finland and Sweden if they become targets of aggression before joining NATO. The joint statement is posted on the Norwegian government website.

“The security of Finland and Sweden is important to our security. Together with Denmark and Iceland, Norway is ready to provide assistance to its Scandinavian neighbors by all necessary means if they become victims of aggression on their territory before obtaining NATO membership, — Norwegian Prime Minister Jonas Gahr Støre said.

He called what was happening a “tipping point”; in cooperation with the Nordic countries. Støre says the security guarantees provided by Norway, Denmark and Iceland send a “clear message”. “We will do our best to ensure that [Finland and Sweden join the alliance] quickly. I hope that Norway will be able to ratify the protocols on accession of Finland and Sweden to NATO very quickly,— added the prime minister.

He stressed that both countries have the right to continue the process of joining the alliance “without any attempts at outside interference.” The Nordic region poses no threat to anyone and will strive to live in peace with its neighbors, Støre said.

On Sunday, Sweden and Finland officially announced their decision to join NATO. Helsinki argued that membership in the alliance would strengthen the country's security and Finland's entry would make NATO stronger. In Stockholm, in turn, it was said that neutrality “served well”; government, but in the future such a policy will not be useful. They fear that they will be in a vulnerable position if they remain outside the alliance.

Russia says that the membership of Sweden and Finland in the bloc and, as a result, its expansion could pose a threat to the security of the region. Deputy Foreign Minister Sergei Ryabkov argued that the overall level of military tension would increase in this case, and there would be less predictability. “They should not have any illusions that we will simply put up with this, just like in Brussels, Washington and other NATO capitals,” — he emphasized.

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President Vladimir Putin called Finland's decision to join NATO a mistake, saying that there were no threats to the country's security. “Such a change in the country's foreign policy may have a negative impact on Russian-Finnish relations, which have been built in the spirit of good neighborliness for many years,” — he warned.

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Erdogan ruled out the possibility of saying “yes” to Finland and Sweden in NATO

Erdogan: Turkey will not agree to approve the entry of Finland and Sweden into NATO Turkey's position on the entry of Sweden and Finland is connected with their lack of an “unambiguous position” towards the Kurds, whom Ankara considers terrorists. In these countries, in addition to them, members of the movement (FETO) live “Erdogan ruled out the possibility of saying yes to Finland and Sweden in NATO” />

Recep Tayyip Erdogan

Turkey will not agree to Finland and Sweden joining NATO, President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said, Anadolu reports.

“We cannot say yes” the accession to NATO of those who imposed sanctions against Turkey,— Erdogan said.

He noted that the countries have declared their unwillingness to extradite terrorists to Turkey. TRT wrote that Sweden and Finland refused to extradite members of the PKK and FETO, whom the Turkish authorities consider terrorists. Erdogan added that these countries have not clearly expressed their position regarding the members of these organizations.

According to Erdogan, the arrival of delegations from Finland and Sweden to discuss their membership will not change Ankara's position. “Let them not trouble themselves,” — he noted.

Last week, Erdogan said that Ankara does not consider the possibility of Finland and Sweden joining NATO as a positive. He noted that the Scandinavian countries serve as a “guest house for terrorist organizations,” referring to the PKK, banned in Turkey. He noted that its members live in Sweden and the Netherlands and are members of parliaments.

Finnish President Sauli Niinistö previously said that Erdogan's statements “confused” him, because he told him on the phone that he would accept entry into alliance. He also announced his readiness to discuss membership issues with his Turkish counterpart.

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According to Art. 10 of the North Atlantic Treaty, the parties “by common consent” can invite any other European state to join the alliance.

After NATO members invite a third state, accession negotiations begin, then confirmations of its acceptance of obligations are sent, protocols are prepared and ratified by NATO countries. After that, the Secretary General offers the new country to join the agreement, and the necessary procedures are carried out within the country.

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How will the entry of Sweden and Finland into NATO affect the situation in Ukraine?

Russia promises to respond to the official steps taken by Sweden and Finland to join NATO. However, Moscow does not intend to do this immediately, but after assessing the threats that have arisen as a result of almost doubling its borders with the alliance

When Finland and Sweden join NATO

Swedish Prime Minister Magdalena Andersson announced at a press conference on Monday, May 16, that the Swedish government had overwhelmingly decided to join NATO. Stockholm will submit the corresponding application together with Helsinki— Finland officially confirmed its intention to become a member of the North Atlantic Alliance on Sunday, May 15.

“We are now living in a dangerous time. Russia will not like the entry of Sweden and Finland into NATO. Both Sweden and Finland must be prepared for difficult months, we say this not to create anxiety, but to draw attention. No one can rule out that trials are coming, even if they are not serious, — said Andersson.

Politico estimates that for the two countries, the process of joining NATO from application to approval could take only a few weeks, given the upcoming summit of the alliance, which will be held in late June in Madrid. As the publication explains, unlike the Baltic countries, which took years to begin to comply with NATO requirements and overcome the prejudice of a number of members of the alliance, the alliance has long had a consensus on Finland and Sweden. The fact is that both countries have a reputation as democracies in which the rule of law is respected, and the level of their military and military-technical training will help strengthen the bloc of 30 countries. Finland and Sweden's long-term cooperation with the alliance also means that they will not have to make great efforts to achieve the compatibility of their weapons forces with NATO forces.

For Finland and Sweden, joining NATO will mean that the fifth article of the Collective Defense Treaty will come into force in their respect. It states that if one state— a member of NATO is the victim of an armed attack, all other members of the alliance will take action as they deem necessary to help the country under attack.

For Russia, this means that the length of its border with NATO will more than double, mainly due to Finland— the length of the border with it is 1300 km.

RBC Pro Pro Without these IT services, businesses will have a particularly difficult time. Instructions Pro The risk of an eternal bear market is real. In which stocks to sit out the fall?On Monday evening, May 16, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said he would not agree to Finland and Sweden joining NATO. “We can't say yes” the accession to NATO of those who imposed sanctions against Turkey,— quoted Erdogan Anadolu. The Turkish leader stressed that the arrival of delegations from Finland and Sweden to discuss their membership would not change Ankara's position. A week earlier, he stated that Ankara does not consider the possibility of the two countries joining NATO as a positive, arguing that they serve as a “guest house for terrorist organizations”, referring to the Kurdistan Workers' Party banned in Turkey.

< p>How Moscow's rhetoric has changed

In mid-April, Deputy Chairman of the Security Council Dmitry Medvedev wrote in his Telegram channel that in the event of NATO expansion at the expense of Sweden and Finland, “there would no longer be any talk of a nuclear-free status of the Baltic States,” and predicted a serious increase in the grouping of ground forces and air defense Russia, the deployment of significant naval forces in the waters of the Gulf of Finland. He also claimed that “Russia will have more officially registered opponents.”

On May 12, presidential spokesman Dmitry Peskov told reporters that Finland's entry into NATO “unconditionally” is a threat to Russia. “The next expansion of NATO does not make our continent more stable and secure”, — he added. On the same day, the Russian Foreign Ministry issued a statement saying that Finland's accession to NATO “would cause serious damage to bilateral Russian-Finnish relations, maintaining stability and security in the Northern European region.” “Russia will be forced to take retaliatory steps, both of a military-technical and other nature, in order to stop the threats to its national security arising in this regard,” — stated in the statement.

However, on May 14, Deputy Foreign Minister Alexander Grushko said that “it is too early to say” on the deployment of nuclear weapons by Russia in the Baltic region in the event that Sweden and Finland join NATO. On the same day, a telephone conversation took place between Russian and Finnish Presidents Vladimir Putin and Sauli Niinistö. According to a report on the Kremlin website, Putin told Niinistö that Finland's decision to join NATO was wrong. The office of the Finnish president, in turn, indicated that Niinistö told Putin that Helsinki changed its position on joining the alliance after Russia launched a special military operation in Ukraine.

At the same time, Putin, speaking at the CSTO summit on Monday, said that the entry of Finland and Sweden into NATO does not pose a military threat to Russia. “As for expansion, including through new members of the alliance— Finland, Sweden: Russia, I would like to inform you, dear colleagues, has no problems with these states, and therefore, in this sense, expansion at the expense of these countries does not pose an immediate threat to Russia, but the expansion of military infrastructure into this territory will certainly provoke our response reaction. And what it will be, we will look, based on the threats that will be created for us, — he explained.

Can Moscow respond to the decision of Helsinki and Stockholm

The Washington Post indicates that the change in Russian rhetoric may be due to the fact that Moscow does not currently have the resources to respond to the actions of Helsinki and Stockholm. “Russia withdrew troops from the border with Finland to redirect them to Ukraine, as a result of which Moscow's ability to threaten Finland militarily was significantly reduced,” — publication approves. It also notes that Russia supplies Finland with a small amount of gas and oil, electricity (no more than 10% of needs), which allows Helsinki to pursue an independent foreign policy.

The Washington Post does not exclude the possibility of cyber attacks and the start of a hybrid war by Russia to change public opinion in Finland, but notes that Helsinki has enough resources to counter such actions. The newspaper also quotes a military expert, retired Finnish Major General Pekka Toveri, as saying that Russia “has no political, military or economic power”; over Finland.

The Politico publication even called it “bragging”; Russia's threats to deploy nuclear weapons in the Baltic Sea region, indicating that they are already deployed in Kaliningrad (Moscow has never officially confirmed the deployment of such weapons), and that Russia has already deployed a nuclear deterrence force on the Kola Peninsula.

Program Director of the Valdai Club Ivan Timofeev, in a conversation with RBC, did not agree with the thesis about the change in Moscow's rhetoric and the lack of resources for retaliatory measures in connection with the upcoming entry of Finland and Sweden into NATO. “I would not say that Moscow's rhetoric has become more peaceful. The accession of Finland and Sweden to NATO is perceived in Moscow as a threat to national security. True, Moscow cannot stop the drift of these countries into NATO. It is inevitable against the backdrop of events in Ukraine. Another thing is that it is unlikely that any serious military escalation in the Baltic region will follow now in connection with the entry of these countries into NATO, on the one hand, and the concentration of forces in Ukraine, on the other. But in the long term, of course, this creates big problems for Russian security. I think that in Moscow they understand this very well,»,— said Timofeev.

How NATO expansion will affect the European security system

Stefan Wolf, professor of international security at the University of Birmingham, in an article for The Conversation, points out that Putin's attempt to fundamentally restructure the European security order and relations with the United States and NATO through the launch of a special military operation in Ukraine has backfired and, in particular, led to the expansion alliance. In his opinion, the refusal of Helsinki and Stockholm from the policy of non-alignment indicates that “neutrality as a status in international law and foreign policy position is no longer seen as a viable way for small countries to be outside the zone of great power rivalry.”

At the same time, changes in the European security structure will not be limited to NATO expansion, Wolf predicts. As an example, he cites the decision of Ukraine, Georgia and Moldova to apply for EU membership. Wolf believes that such decisions may take years to implement, but they will lead to a more serious split between East and West. In such circumstances, small states will have to choose sides. So, the expert recalls, Switzerland has already moved away from its neutrality in the issue of imposing sanctions and has synchronized its anti-Russian restrictions with similar EU measures. Iceland is following the same path

The deepening of the split in Europe and the rejection of neutrality as an effective approach to national security will also have an impact on the outcome of Russia's military operation in Ukraine. In particular, a neutral status for Ukraine, the possibility of which Moscow and Kyiv previously discussed during negotiations, will become an unviable idea against the background of Helsinki and Stockholm's refusal to do so in conditions when they were not attacked. “If neutrality is not discussed, then the space for negotiations between Russia and Ukraine is further reduced, and the likelihood that both sides will seek victory on the battlefield increases,” — Wolf sums it up.

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Secretary General urged to take into account Turkey’s concerns about Finland and Sweden in NATO

Jens Stoltenberg believes that countries should be together “at this historic moment” and that it will be possible to reach a consensus. Finland and Sweden decided to apply to NATO. Ankara refused to support the membership of these countries

NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg urged to take into account Turkey's concerns about the membership of Finland and Sweden in the alliance. He tweeted about this.

“I spoke with [Turkish] Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu about the decision of our closest partners Finland and Sweden to apply for NATO membership. Turkey is a valuable ally and any security issues must be resolved. We must be together at this historic moment,»— noted Stoltenberg.

On May 15, at a joint press conference with German Foreign Minister Annalena Burbock following an informal meeting of NATO Foreign Ministers, the Secretary General expressed confidence that the bloc would be able to find common ground with Ankara and reach a consensus.

Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan refused to support the entry of Finland and Sweden into NATO, since these countries, according to Ankara, condone terrorist organizations and imposed sanctions against the republic. As the Turkish TV channel TRT Haber reported, the northern European states did not extradite 33 members of the Kurdistan Workers' Party and the Hizmet movement to Turkey. (FETO) recognized as terrorist in the country.

Finland and Sweden decided to apply for membership in NATO. Russian President Vladimir Putin, during a telephone conversation with his Finnish counterpart Sauli Niinistö, called “abandoning the traditional policy of military neutrality” erroneous, since “there are no threats to the security of Finland.” Later, at the CSTO summit, he said that Russia “has no problems with these states,” so their membership in the alliance does not pose an immediate threat to Russia. However, Moscow will react “appropriately” in the event of the expansion of NATO's military infrastructure on the territory of these countries, Putin warned. “And what it [the reaction] will be, we will look at based on the threats that will be created for us. That is, in fact, problems are created from scratch, & mdash; he said.

Finnish Foreign Minister Pekka Haavisto explained the reasons that prompted Helsinki to change its non-alignment policy with military actions in Ukraine.

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The Kremlin saw a reason for analysis in the situation with Sweden, Finland and NATO

Dmitry Peskov: Finland and Sweden's accession to NATO is a reason for a very deep analysis According to Peskov, Moscow will analyze the current events, but is already convinced that NATO expansion will not strengthen Europe's security https://s0.rbk.ru/v6_top_pics/media/img/8/58/756526957084588.jpg” alt=”The Kremlin saw a reason for analysis in the situation with Sweden, Finland and NATO” />

Dmitry Peskov < p>Moscow will monitor the situation with joining the North Atlantic Alliance, said the press secretary of the Russian President Dmitry Peskov in response to a question about how Vladimir Putin reacted to this decision of the Scandinavian countries.

“We will be watching very closely what will happen, we are carefully recording all statements,” — Peskov said (quote from Interfax).

Peskov called the situation “a reason for a very deep analysis of possible consequences,” and also noted Moscow's conviction that the entry of Finland and Sweden into NATO is not will improve the architecture of security on our continent.

At the same time, as the Kremlin representative pointed out, Russia has no territorial disputes with Finland and Sweden, while in the case of Ukraine, if it joined NATO, “Russia would have a territorial dispute with a state that participates in the alliance,” pointed out Peskov.

Earlier, the Russian Foreign Ministry called the decision of Sweden and Finland to join NATO “a grave mistake with far-reaching consequences.” The department indicated that Russia will decide how to ensure its security, based on the practical consequences of the entry of the two countries into the alliance.

Stockholm and Helsinki, which previously adhered to a policy of military neutrality, officially announced their intention to become members of NATO on 15 May. In Sweden, this decision was explained by the fact that the country does not want Russia's actions following Ukraine to be directed against Sweden. It is going to become a NATO member with a clause not to deploy nuclear weapons and permanent bases on its territory.

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Finland indicated that the country will apply to join the alliance after consultations with parliament on May 16. The terms of entry were not specified. Before that, the Finnish authorities indicated that the country would become a member of the alliance, “so that there would never be a new war in Finland.”

Putin said that he considered Finland's entry into NATO a mistake, since there were no threats to the country's security.< /p>

NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg promised that the process of accepting new members will be accelerated, and the security of the two states will be ensured during this transitional period. German Foreign Minister Annalena Berbock also stressed that Sweden and Finland “will be able to join quickly”, and the NATO countries “should give them security guarantees”.

There are disagreements about joining the alliance both within these two countries as well as in NATO. Two Swedish parties, as well as Turkey and Croatia, opposed it.

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Peskov called the differences between Ukraine and Sweden with Finland in NATO

Russia has no territorial disputes with Finland and Sweden. If Ukraine became a member of NATO, then Moscow would have a territorial dispute, which carries huge, huge risks for the entire continent, Peskov explained

Dmitry Peskov

Possible entry of Ukraine into NATO could lead to territorial dispute between Russia and a state that is part of the alliance. Russia has no territorial disputes with Sweden and Finland. This was stated by the press secretary of the Russian President Dmitry Peskov, TASS reports.

“We have no territorial disputes with either Finland or Sweden. While Ukraine could potentially become a NATO member, and then Russia would have a territorial dispute with a state that participates in the alliance, which carries huge, huge risks for the entire continent, — Peskov explained.

The Kremlin believes that the accession of Finland and Sweden to NATO will not strengthen the security architecture in Europe. At the same time, Peskov noted that the entry of the Scandinavian countries into the alliance— this is a very serious matter and Russia will be watching closely what the implications for its security will be.

Sweden and Finland officially announced on 15 May that they were going to apply to join NATO. Swedish Prime Minister Magdalena Andersson said Sweden's neutrality “has served her well” but that such a policy would not be useful going forward as Stockholm fears threats from Moscow. The ruling Social Democratic Party of Sweden indicated that the application to the alliance would be submitted with the proviso “against the deployment of nuclear weapons and permanent bases on Swedish territory.”

Finnish President Sauli Niinistö and Prime Minister Sanna Marin announced at a joint press conference that the country would apply for NATO membership “after consulting parliament” on 16 May.

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NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg said that the process of accepting Sweden and Finland into the bloc will be accelerated, but it will still take some time. During this period, the alliance will consider ways to ensure the security of both countries.

In June 2020, Ukraine became a member of the NATO Enhanced Opportunities Partnership. The status gave the country wider access to the programs and exercises of the North Atlantic Alliance, however, its award does not mean any decisions on the issue of NATO membership.

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TRT announces refusal of Finland and Sweden to extradite ‘terrorists’ to Turkey

The authorities did not receive a single positive response to the extradition request for 33 individuals. The residence of members of the PKK and FETO banned in Turkey in Sweden and Finland is the reason why Ankara opposes the membership of these countries in NATO

Stockholm, Sweden

Sweden and Finland did not agree to extradite 33 members of the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) and the Hizmet movement to Ankara at its request; (FETO), recognized as terrorist in Turkey, according to TRT Haber.

According to the channel, 19 requests for extradition were rejected, five were not answered, and the process for the remaining nine is ongoing. 12 citizens whose extradition is required by the Turkish authorities are in Finland, 21— in Sweden.

On May 13, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said that the Scandinavian countries are “guest houses for terrorist organizations”: PKK members live in Sweden and the Netherlands and even participate in parliament there. In this regard, Erdogan does not positively assess the possibility of Finland and Sweden joining NATO.

According to Finnish President Sauli Niinistö, in a personal telephone conversation, Erdogan told him that he was not against the country's membership in the North Atlantic Alliance. He asked the Turkish authorities to clarify their position. Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu then stressed that Ankara is committed to NATO's open door policy, but cannot ignore “concrete findings about supporting terrorism.” on the territory of the two candidate states.

On May 15, Sweden and Finland announced their official decision to apply for NATO membership.

The leader of the European Parliament's largest faction, the European People's Party, Manfred Weber, warned that there was no apparent reason to delay or block the entry of countries into the alliance, and those who would impede this process would be “isolated within the Commonwealth.”

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Putin said that the entry of Finland and Sweden into NATO does not pose a threat

At the same time, the President stressed that the expansion of military infrastructure in the Scandinavian countries “will certainly cause our response”

Video

Russia has no problems with Finland and Sweden, their entry into NATO does not pose an immediate threat, Russian President Vladimir Putin said at the CSTO summit. But the expansion of military infrastructure in these territories “will cause a backlash,” the president continued. RBC is broadcasting the summit.

“As for the expansion of the North Atlantic Alliance: yes, this is a problem that is created, in my opinion, completely artificially in the foreign policy interests of the United States. <…> Russia has no problems with these states [with Sweden and Finland], and therefore, in this sense, [NATO] expansion at the expense of these countries does not pose an immediate threat <…> But the expansion of military infrastructure in the territory of this region will certainly cause our response,— Putin said.

At the same time, the president stressed that the actions of the Scandinavian states could aggravate “an already difficult situation in the field of international security.”

Stockholm and Helsinki, which previously adhered to a policy of military neutrality, officially announced their intention to become members of NATO on 15 May. Swedish Prime Minister Magdalena Andersson said that Sweden's neutrality “has served her well”, but this policy will not be useful in the future, as Stockholm fears threats from Moscow.

Finnish President Sauli Niinistö and the Prime Minister Sanna Marin announced at a joint press conference that the country will apply for NATO membership “after consultation with Parliament”, which will take place on May 16.

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NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg said that the process of admitting Sweden and Finland to the bloc will be accelerated, but it will still take some time. During this period, he said, the alliance will consider ways to ensure the security of both countries.

At the same time, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan has previously said that the Scandinavian countries are “a guest house for terrorist organizations.” He explained that members of the Kurdistan Workers' Party, banned in Turkey, live in Sweden, the Netherlands and even participate in parliament. “We can't look at it positively,” — he noted.

The Russian Foreign Ministry called the decision of Sweden and Finland to join NATO “a grave mistake with far-reaching consequences.” The department indicated that Russia will decide how to ensure its security, based on the practical consequences of the entry of the two countries into the alliance. Deputy Permanent Representative of Russia to the UN Dmitry Polyansky said on May 12 that Sweden and Finland, who want to join NATO, could become Russia's target if alliance troops appear on the territory of these countries. “They know that as soon as they become members of NATO, this will require certain mirror steps from the Russian side,” — he said, calling NATO “an unfriendly bloc”; and the “enemy”.

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The military denied the transfer of equipment from the Leningrad region to the border of Finland

Military equipment does not follow from the Vyborgsky district of the Leningrad region to the Russian-Finnish border, and Iskanders are not deployed in that zone, the ZVO said. Earlier, VChK-OGPU wrote about the equipment on the road to Vyborg.

Russian Iskander missile systems or other military equipment do not follow in the direction of Finland, RIA Novosti reported. in the press service of the Western Military District.

“In the Vyborgsky district of the Leningrad region, no troops are moving towards Finland,” — said the press office. They added that the Iskander missile systems not in the composition of military equipment, which is deployed in the Vyborg district of the Leningrad region.

May 16, the Telegram channel “VChK-OGPU”; wrote that on the road towards Vyborg, Iskanders were noticed; and military equipment.

RBC sent a request to the press service of the Western Military District.

Finland made the official decision to join NATO the day before, on 15 May. Prior to this, President Sauli Niinistö held a telephone conversation with his Russian counterpart Vladimir Putin, during which he informed him of his intentions to join the alliance. The President of Russia in a conversation called Helsinki's rejection of the traditional policy of neutrality a mistake. Niinistö described the conversation with Putin as cold-blooded, noting that the Russian colleague accepted the information calmly and did not repeat the “threats of his subordinates.”

On May 16, Putin said that the entry of Finland, as well as Sweden, into the North Atlantic Alliance is a problem that is created artificially, but the expansion of NATO through them does not pose a threat to Moscow. At the same time, he warned that the expansion of the military infrastructure of the alliance would cause a response from Russia.

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The Ministry of Foreign Affairs has previously stated that Moscow will not accept NATO expansion to the north of Europe, and the general level of military tension will increase. The department believes that the entry of Finland and Sweden into the alliance will not strengthen their security, and Russia will take measures for its security, depending on what consequences the expansion entails. So, if NATO decides to bring nuclear forces and infrastructure closer to the borders, Moscow will take adequate precautions, the Foreign Ministry explained.

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The President of Finland called cold-blooded conversation with Putin about NATO

Finnish President Niinistö: conversation with Putin was calm and cool Putin was “surprisingly calm” about the conversation with Niinistö about Finland's prospects in NATO, the president said. Earlier, the Russian Foreign Ministry said that Moscow would take steps of a “military-technical nature” jpg” alt=”President of Finland called cold-blooded conversation with Putin about NATO” />

Sauli Niinistö and Vladimir Putin

During a conversation with the Russian President about the prospect of Finland joining NATO, Vladimir Putin “did not repeat the threats from his subordinates”, the conversation took place in a calm manner, Finnish President Sauli Niinistö said in an interview with CNN.

“In general the discussion was very calm and cool <…> it was surprising that he took it calmly, & mdash; appreciated the President of Finland.

Ninisto added that one should be careful and careful, despite any statements by the Russian authorities.

The President of Finland explained that he called his Russian colleague for a frank conversation about what is happening, since the country does not intend to “quietly disappear around the corner.” He announced this earlier on May 15 during a joint press conference with Prime Minister Sanna Marin, MTV Uutiset reported. He said that he was worried about possible “military-technical measures” countermeasures, which were mentioned in the warnings of Moscow.

The President of Finland gave several possible explanations why this time the reaction of the Russian side was more restrained than before. First, he said, Moscow was following the cooperation between Helsinki and NATO and could understand that the parties were already cooperating as closely as possible for the country— partner of the alliance, or Moscow wants to avoid public discussion of this topic. Finally, Niinistö continued, the Russian authorities may indeed take a more relaxed view on the matter.

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Marin added that “everything has changed”; and now in Helsinki they see “a completely different Russia” than before the outbreak of hostilities in Ukraine. Finland cannot count on Russia to pursue a peaceful policy, she said. “Finland's decision to join NATO was made so that there would never be a new war in Finland,” — emphasized Marin.

The conversation between the Finnish and Russian presidents took place on Saturday, May 14. Putin considered the decision of the country's authorities a mistake, recalling that the country had previously adhered to neutrality. He also assured that Russia does not pose a threat. “Such a change in the country's foreign policy may have a negative impact on Russian-Finnish relations,” — suggested the Russian president. At the same time, its representative Dmitry Peskov called the prospect of Finland joining NATO an unconditional threat to Russia.

The Foreign Ministry warned that in such a scenario, Moscow “would be forced to take retaliatory steps, both military-technical and other in nature, in in order to stop the threats to its national security arising in this regard. Dmitry Polyansky, Russia's Deputy Chairman to the UN, said that with the deployment of NATO units in Sweden and Finland, their territories could become possible targets for strikes.

Against this background, Finland agreed with the UK to provide mutual assistance in the event of an attack. This assistance may include military means, the declaration of the parties said. The Finnish government emphasized that they were not afraid of the likely consequences. “It's our choice, we shouldn't limit ourselves to wiggle room because of threats,” — said the country's Minister for European Affairs and Property Management Tyutti Tuppurainen.

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Sweden followed Finland in joining NATO

If approved, Stockholm intends to achieve non-deployment of nuclear weapons and permanent bases of the alliance in the country, the ruling party of Sweden said. The leaders of other parties approved the submission of an application to NATO Finland decided to join NATO” />

Sweden has officially decided to apply to join NATO, the ruling Social Democratic Party (S/SAP) said in a statement.

&laquo The party will work to get Sweden to apply for NATO membership. Thus, the Social Democrats will seek to ensure that Sweden, in the event that the NATO application is approved, expresses unilateral reservations against the deployment of nuclear weapons and permanent bases on Swedish territory, — said in the message.

The Prime Minister of Sweden, Magdalena Andersson, explained at a press conference that the country's neutrality had previously served well, but in the future such a policy would not be useful, SVT reports. She added that she did not want Russia's actions following Ukraine to be directed against Sweden.

“If Sweden became the only non-NATO country in the Baltic Sea region, we would be in a vulnerable position,” — she stressed, expressing her hope that the application will be submitted as soon as possible.

Aftonbladet, citing a source, said that the Swedish authorities have already prepared the application, but Stockholm intends to send it at the same time together with the Finnish side. According to Aftonbladet, the government will make a formal decision at an extraordinary meeting on Monday, May 16, after a debate in parliament.

The Social Democrats have more seats in the Swedish parliament than other political forces (100 out of 349) and formed a minority government, all cabinet ministers are members of the Social Democratic Party.

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A number of leaders of other factions in the Swedish Parliament approved the position of the Social Democratic Party. Chapter of the Moderates Ulf Kristersson stated that “with pleasure” learned of this news, his faction is the second largest in the Swedish Parliament.

The head of the Christian Democrats Ebba Bush called the decision wise, “though much overdue.” “We Christian Democrats have long been in favor of NATO membership,” — Bush wrote on Twitter.

Sweden's Liberal Party noted on Twitter that security these days is built within alliances, not outside of them, with Stockholm's security dependent on neighboring countries. “Sweden cannot isolate itself from the outside world. So it's good that Sweden is also joining the broad parliamentary majority to do what Finland does,” — party statement says.

A similar decision was made by the Government of Finland on the same day, 15 May. Helsinki will submit a formal application after consultations in parliament, the Finnish Foreign Ministry said that this will happen on May 18. The decision of the Finnish authorities was prompted by Russia's actions in Ukraine, Minister Pekka Haavisto explained. “Unpredictable behavior of Russia” this is an inevitable problem. Russia is ready to carry out very risky operations for itself.».— he said in early May.

Western countries have announced their intention to approve applications from Finland and Sweden. The Alliance will explore ways to ensure the security of these countries before they are accepted into its membership, Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg announced. He clarified that one of the options is to increase the military presence in the region.

Russian President Vladimir Putin discussed the “potential threats arising in this regard” against the backdrop of discussions about the prospects for Scandinavian countries to join NATO. with the National Security Council. He called Finland's decision to become a member of the alliance a mistake. The Russian Foreign Ministry warned that Moscow would be forced to take military-technical measures.

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The President of Finland doubted the possibility of a “Russian attack”

Niinistö said that he did not believe in a scenario in which Russia would attack Finland – not before, not now. On the eve of Helsinki, they officially decided to join NATO, Putin called such a step erroneous ” alt=”The President of Finland doubted the possibility of a “Russian attack”” />

Sauli Niinistö

Finland used to be neutral, but now Europe is divided and there are not many options left to remain non-bloc, Finnish President Sauli Niinistö told CNN. Video posted on YouTube.

“I don't believe they planned any attack against Finland, then or now,” — added Niinistö.

The Finnish President also said that he called Russian President Vladimir Putin for a frank conversation to announce his intention to apply for membership in NATO. The conversation with Putin was calm and cool, Niinistö said, calling it surprising. The Russian president did not “repeate the threats from his subordinates,” calling the Helsinki decision a mistake, he continued. At the same time, the Finnish president noted that despite the words of the Russian authorities, one should be careful and attentive.

During a press conference, he said there could be several reasons for Moscow's calm reaction. First of all, Russia followed the cooperation between Finland and NATO and could notice that both sides are already cooperating as closely as the status of an alliance partner country allows, Niinistö suggested. In addition, he continued, the Russian authorities may not want public discussion of this topic among the inhabitants of the country, or in fact take this topic more calmly.

The Finnish authorities announced on May 15 that the country will apply to NATO after consultations in Parliament, which will be held the next day on Monday, May 16. The conversation between Putin and Niinistö took place the day before— May 14. The Russian president considered Helsinki's decision a mistake, noting that Finland had previously been neutral and Russia was not a threat. According to Putin, such a change of course in foreign policy could “negatively affect Russian-Finnish relations. At the same time, its representative Dmitry Peskov called the prospect of Finland joining NATO an unconditional threat to Russia.

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If Finland joins NATO, Russia will be forced to take retaliatory steps, the Russian Foreign Ministry warned. These will be measures “both of a military-technical and other nature in order to stop the threats arising in this regard,” the ministry explained. If NATO units are deployed on Finnish and Swedish territory, it can become a possible target for a strike, said Dmitry Polyansky, Deputy Chairman of Russia to the UN.

Against this background, Helsinki agreed in London to provide mutual support in the event of an attack on one of sides. This assistance, the joint declaration says, may include military means. At the same time, the Finnish government noted that they were not afraid of the possible consequences of joining the alliance. “It's our choice, we shouldn't limit ourselves to wiggle room because of threats,” — emphasized the Finnish Minister for European Affairs and Property Management Tytti Tuppurainen.

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Finland plans to apply for NATO membership on May 18

The Permanent Representative of Finland to NATO in Brussels is likely to apply to join the alliance on Wednesday 18 May. Finnish Foreign Minister Pekka Haavisto told the Aftonbladet newspaper about this.

“For our part, this [application] will be done by the NATO ambassador in Brussels physically, probably on Wednesday. Then, if negotiations with NATO begin, they will be dealt with by a delegation headed by the Minister of Foreign Affairs and the Minister of Defence. said Haavisto.

Earlier, Finland's intention to apply for NATO membership “in the coming days” said President Sauli Niinistö during a telephone conversation with his Russian counterpart Vladimir Putin.

On May 12, Niinistö and Finnish Prime Minister Sanna Marin stressed in a joint statement the need to apply for NATO membership. Haavisto explained this decision by the fact that “the hostilities launched by Russia created a danger to the stability of the whole of Europe.” Similar plans are being considered by Sweden, which, like Finland, has the status of a state— NATO partner.

The next day, Putin held a meeting of the Security Council, where they discussed possible risks in connection with the entry of Sweden and Finland into NATO. Presidential spokesman Dmitry Peskov said earlier that Moscow views such a scenario as a threat and Russia's actions will depend on how the “expansion process” is expressed. and how the military infrastructure of the alliance will move.

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German Foreign Minister urged to quickly accept Sweden and Finland into NATO

Annalena Burbock emphasized that there should be no “grey zone” between countries applying for NATO membership and their acceptance, the allies should ensure their security after the initiative of Helsinki and Stockholm

Annalena Burbock

Germany will do everything to speed up the process of Finland and Sweden joining NATO, Foreign Minister Annalena Burbock told reporters ahead of a meeting of the alliance's foreign ministers in Berlin, Reuters reports. She emphasized that the period between countries submitting applications and their inclusion in NATO should be minimal.

“If they decide to join, they can join quickly <…>. We must give them security guarantees, there should be no transitional period, no gray area, when their status would be indeterminate,— underlined Burbock.

The process of ratifying countries' applications to join the alliance could take up to a year, Reuters explains. During this time, candidates are not covered by the article of the North Atlantic Treaty on collective defense, according to which an armed attack on any of the participating states is regarded as an attack on the entire alliance.

On the need for security guarantees from allies for the period between The Swedish Minister of Defense Peter Hultqvist previously spoke about the application and its ratification.

Helsinki and Stockholm have started talking about possible NATO membership amid the escalation in Ukraine. Finnish President and Prime Minister Sauli Niinistö and Sanna Marin on May 12 announced the need to immediately apply for the country's accession to NATO. Edition Helsingin Sanomat wrote that Finland and Sweden plan to apply at the same time. Niinistö is scheduled to visit Sweden on May 17.

The Finnish President spoke about his intention to make a decision in the near future to his Russian counterpart Vladimir Putin in a telephone conversation on May 14. Niinistö explained that in this way his country “strengthens its own security.” Finland's desire to become a member of the North Atlantic Alliance was influenced by “Russia's massive invasion of Ukraine in February 2022,” the head of state noted. Putin called Finland's refusal of neutrality a mistake. The country's minister for European affairs and property management, Tytti Tuppurainen, said that Helsinki is not afraid of threats and is ready for Moscow's response.

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Finland decides to join NATO

Earlier, Vladimir Putin said that Finland's rejection of the traditional policy of neutrality and the country's entry into NATO would be a mistake, since there are no threats to the security of Helsinki

Sanna Marin and Sauli Niinistö

The government of Finland has officially decided to join the North Atlantic Alliance ( NATO). This was announced by President Sauli Niinistöy and Prime Minister Sanna Marin at a joint press conference.

“Finland will apply for membership in the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) after consultations with Parliament,” Niinistö said. The consultation will take place on Monday.

Earlier, Finnish Foreign Minister Pekka Haavisto said that the country's permanent representative to NATO in Brussels is likely to apply to join the alliance on Wednesday, May 18. After that, in the event that negotiations with NATO begin, they will be led by Haavisto himself and the Minister of Defense of Finland.

The day before, Niinistös had a telephone conversation with Russian President Vladimir Putin. During the conversation, Niinistö warned the Russian leader that the country had made the final decision to join the alliance. The decision of Helsinki was also influenced by “Russia's massive invasion of Ukraine in February 2022,” he added.

Putin said that Finland's rejection of the traditional policy of neutrality and the country's entry into NATO would be a mistake, since there are no threats to the security of Helsinki. “Such a change in the country's foreign policy may have a negative impact on Russian-Finnish relations, which have been built in the spirit of good neighborliness for many years,” — according to a message on the Kremlin website.

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On May 12, Niinistöy Marin, in a joint statement, stressed the need to apply for membership in the North Atlantic Alliance. Similar plans are being considered by Sweden, which, like Finland, has the status of a state— partner of NATO.

The next day, Putin held a meeting of the Security Council, where they discussed possible risks in connection with the entry of Sweden and Finland into NATO. Presidential spokesman Dmitry Peskov said earlier that Moscow views such a scenario as a threat and Russia's actions will depend on how the “expansion process” is expressed. and how the military infrastructure of the alliance will move.

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Turkish Foreign Ministry announced the absence of “bargaining” in the position on Finland in NATO

Cavusoglu called the republic's position clear: Ankara supports the principle of “open doors” in NATO, but cannot ignore information about “support for terrorism” in the Scandinavian countries seeking to join the alliance

Mevlut Cavusoglu

Turkey's position on Finland's accession to NATO is “very clear”, Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu said, Hurriyet reports.

Earlier, President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said that Ankara “does not see the positive” in the accession of Sweden and Finland to the North Atlantic Alliance. He called the Scandinavian countries “a guest house for terrorist organizations”; and noted that members of the PKK, banned in Turkey, live in Sweden and even participate in parliament.

“This is not a threat. This is not a bargain. This is not populism. These are our specific findings on the support of terrorism in countries that are seeking [to join NATO],” — Cavusoglu emphasized.

He said that Turkey nevertheless supports the “open door policy”; alliance.

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On May 15, Finland officially announced its intention to apply for NATO membership. Many countries have expressed support for such a move. Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg assured that the alliance would be able to quickly accept Helsinki and Stockholm if such a request was received.

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President Sauli Niinistö noted that he was “confused”; Ankara's statements on this topic, since in a personal telephone conversation Erdogan told him that he would accept Finland's entry into the alliance, but publicly he voiced a different position. Niinistö noted the need for a clear response from Erdogan and expressed his readiness to discuss his claims with the Turkish leader.

According to the Expressen newspaper, Sweden may apply for NATO membership on May 16.

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Czech Republic supports Finland and Sweden joining NATO

The Czech Republic fully supports the entry of Finland and Sweden into the North Atlantic Alliance, said Czech Foreign Minister Jan Lipavsky.

“We warmly welcome Finland and Sweden, and support their interest in joining [NATO], we believe them with their friends», — he said.

At the same time, the diplomat recalled that time is needed to expand the alliance through the two Scandinavian countries. “We still need to reach a political agreement. As soon as we have it, the question of ratification in the national parliaments will remain, — indicated by the head of the Czech Foreign Ministry.

On May 12, Finnish President Sauli Niinistö and Prime Minister Sanna Marin issued a statement that Helsinki should immediately apply to join NATO. According to the Finnish leader, his decision was influenced by Russia's demand from NATO to abandon the advance to the east and the start of a military operation in Ukraine.

On the same day, the Swedish newspaper Expressen reported on Stockholm's plans to apply for membership in the North Atlantic Alliance in Monday, May 16 the next day, the President of Finland is scheduled to visit Sweden, during which he will hold talks with Andersson.

Today, Sweden and Finland have the status of states— NATO partners. 30 countries are members of the bloc, including Scandinavian Denmark and Norway.

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Russian President Vladimir Putin considered it a mistake for Finland to abandon its traditional policy of neutrality and join NATO, warning that this step could negatively affect on Russian-Finnish relations. He also held a meeting of the Security Council, where they discussed possible risks in connection with the entry of Sweden and Finland into NATO.

As stated by the official representative of the Russian Foreign Ministry Maria Zakharova, Finland and Sweden, having joined NATO, “will become a space of confrontation between the North Atlantic bloc and Russia with all the ensuing consequences. According to her, the alliance has been “processing” Helsinki and Stockholm to influence their politics, “carefully sculpting the image of the enemy from Russia.”

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The Foreign Ministry revealed what will determine the response to Finland’s accession to NATO

Deputy Foreign Minister Grushko: the accession of Sweden and Finland to NATO will not go unanswered According to Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Grushko, Russia's response will depend on what infrastructure NATO deploys in Finland and Sweden

Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian

If Finland and Sweden join NATO, Russia will not decide on its response actions on emotions, it will depend on the infrastructure of the alliance in these countries, said Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Alexander Grushko.

“It is clear that this change cannot remain without a political reaction, and also without a very precise analysis of the consequences of the composition of the forces that may be formed as a result of the next entry into the alliance. It is clear that the decision will not be made on emotions, it will be a thorough and verified analysis of all the factors that are characteristic of the security situation in this industry, — said Grushko (quote from RIA Novosti).

The Deputy Foreign Minister believes that it is too early to talk about the possibility of deploying Russian early nuclear forces in the Baltic region. However, if NATO decides to bring its nuclear forces and infrastructure closer to the borders, Moscow will need to take adequate precautions, Grushko added.

Finland and Sweden are still partner states of the North Atlantic Alliance, however, after the start of the Russian military operation in Ukraine, they again started talking about the possibility of joining the alliance

The Swedish newspaper Expressen, citing its government sources, wrote that Stockholm could apply on Monday, May 16. On May 13, Finnish Foreign Minister Pekko Haavisto said that the country would apply to NATO in the middle of next week, if parliament approves it.

The Kremlin regards Finland's desire to become a NATO member as an unconditional threat. Dmitry Polyansky, Russia's first deputy representative to the UN, said that Helsinki and Stockholm could become a “target” if alliance troops appear on their territory. In addition, if Finland and Sweden join the alliance, Russia will have to seriously strengthen the grouping of ground forces on its borders with NATO countries and deploy naval forces in the Gulf of Finland, said Deputy Chairman of the Russian Security Council Dmitry Medvedev.

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Putin called Finland’s refusal of neutrality and joining NATO a mistake

According to the Russian leader, Finland's accession to NATO could have a negative impact on Russian-Finnish relations, which for many years were built on good neighborliness and partner cooperation

Vladimir Putin countries in NATO would be a mistake, since there are no threats to the security of Helsinki, Russian President Vladimir Putin said during a telephone conversation with his Finnish counterpart Sauli Niinistö. This was reported on the Kremlin website.

“Such a change in the country's foreign policy may have a negative impact on Russian-Finnish relations, which have been built in the spirit of good neighborliness for many years,” — The report says.

Ninisto told Putin that Finland would soon decide whether to apply to join NATO. The Office of the Finnish President explained this decision by the desire to strengthen the country's security.

During the telephone conversation, Putin and Niinistö also discussed the situation in Ukraine. The Russian President assessed the negotiations between the Russian and Ukrainian delegations, “virtually suspended by Kyiv”.

Ninistö and Finnish Prime Minister Sanna Marin on May 12 announced the need to immediately apply to NATO . The country's Foreign Ministry explained this by saying that “the hostilities launched by Russia created a danger to the stability of all of Europe.” Sweden can also apply as early as May 16, Expressen wrote.

White House press secretary Jen Psaki said the United States would support Finland and Sweden joining NATO. Jens Stoltenberg, Secretary General of the North Atlantic Alliance, promised to promptly receive both countries in case of a request from them.

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However, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said that he did not consider the possibility of countries joining the alliance as positive. According to him, the Scandinavian countries are “a guest house for terrorist organizations.” He recalled that members of the PKK, banned in the country, live in Sweden and are even represented in parliament.

Croatian President Zoran Milanovic also considered the applications of Sweden and Finland to join NATO a “dangerous adventure”. In his opinion, these countries cannot join the bloc until the law on elections in Bosnia and Herzegovina is changed in the interests of the Bosnian Croats.

The Kremlin sees Helsinki's desire to become a NATO member as a threat. Russian presidential spokesman Dmitry Peskov said that Moscow's actions would depend on how the “expansion process” would be expressed; and how the military infrastructure of the alliance will move.

The day before, Putin discussed at a meeting with the country's Security Council the possible threats from the entry of Sweden and Finland into NATO.

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Turkey says it has not “closed the door” to Sweden and Finland in NATO

Turkish leader's spokesman Kalin: Ankara has not closed doors for Sweden and Finland in NATO Turkey says members of the Kurdistan Workers' Party, which Ankara considers a terrorist organization, are recruiting in Europe, including in Sweden

< /p> Ibrahim Kalin

Turkey “didn't close the door” for Sweden and Finland to join NATO, but wants to negotiate with the Nordic countries and stop what Ankara sees as terrorist activities, especially in Stockholm. This was stated by the official representative of the Turkish leader, Ibrahim Kalin, in a conversation with Reuters.

“We don't close the door. But we are raising this issue as a matter of Turkish national security,— he stressed.

Kalın said that the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK), designated as a terrorist organization in Turkey, “is engaged in fundraising and recruiting in Europe”, especially in Sweden. According to him, the Swedish authorities must end the existence of organizations, individuals and other forms of PKK presence.

«Membership in NATO— it is always a process. Let's see how things go. But this is the first point that we want to draw the attention of all [NATO] allies, as well as the Swedish authorities,»,— he added.

The day before, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said that he did not consider the possibility of Sweden and Finland joining the alliance as positive. According to him, the Scandinavian countries are “a guest house for terrorist organizations.”

He recalled that members of the PKK live in Sweden and are even represented in parliament.

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Earlier, the President of Croatia, Zoran Milanovic, called the application of Sweden and Finland to join NATO a “dangerous adventure”. According to him, these countries cannot join the alliance until the law on elections in Bosnia and Herzegovina is changed in the interests of the Bosnian Croats.

Russian President Vladimir Putin, in turn, considered it a mistake Finland's rejection of the traditional policy of neutrality and the country's entry into NATO, since there are no threats to the security of Helsinki. He warned that this step could have a negative impact on Russian-Finnish relations.

At the same time, White House Press Secretary Jen Psaki said that the United States would support Finland and Sweden joining NATO. Alliance Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg promised to promptly accept both countries in case of a request from them.

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Finland says they are ready for Russia’s response to joining NATO

Finnish Minister Tuppurainen said she is not afraid of Russia's reaction to NATO membership Finland is ready for Russia's response to the country's NATO membership, it is her choice, and she is not afraid of possible threats, the minister said. Earlier, the Russian Foreign Ministry warned of a response taking into account the infrastructure that the alliance will deploy in this country .jpg” alt=”Finland said they were ready for Russia's response to joining NATO” />

Finland is not afraid of threats due to its intention to join NATO and is ready for Moscow's response, Tytti Tuppurainen, Minister for European Affairs and Property Management, said on Sky News.

“We don't have any panic, we don't we are afraid. We are preparing for any kind of action. This is our choice, we should not limit ourselves to maneuvering space due to threats, — she said.

The President of Finland announced plans to call Putin

Sauli Niinistö noted that he is “not the kind of person who does something from around the corner”, therefore he intends to call his Russian colleague to discuss the country’s desire to join NATO

Finnish President Sauli Niinistö said that he was going to call his Russian colleague Vladimir Putin. He said this in an interview with the Swedish agency TT and a number of other media, his words are quoted by the newspaper Hallandsposten.

He noted that relations between Helsinki and Moscow are changing.

“We will not be able to return to what they are used to, but Russia should be interested in ensuring that we do not have a lot of tension on the border, — pointed out by Niinistö.

For him, the turning point in relations came when, late last year, Putin demanded that NATO stop moving east, which the Finnish leader considered a violation of the right of Finland and Sweden to determine their own security policy, he said. “Last straw” was the Russian military operation in Ukraine.

“I'll call him [Putin]”,— said the president, without specifying when. “I'm not the kind of person who does things around the corner. I intend to call him and let him know that the situation has changed, as we both know, — he added.

On May 12, Niinistö and Finnish Prime Minister Sanna Marin issued a statement that the country should immediately apply to join NATO, which, in their opinion, will strengthen the country's security.

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The last time the presidents of Russia and Finland spoke by phone was on 11 March. Then, as the Kremlin press service reported, Putin “explained in detail the reasons for the Russian special military operation to protect the Donbass, its goals and objectives, and also informed about the ongoing negotiations with Ukrainian representatives.” Niinistö demanded an immediate ceasefire.

On May 13, US President Joe Biden called Swedish Prime Minister Magdalena Andersson and the Finnish President. Biden said he supported NATO's openness and the right of Sweden and Finland to “determine their own future, foreign policy and security arrangements.” Niinistö wrote on Twitter that he told his American colleague about the country's next steps towards joining the alliance, noting that Finland appreciates the support from the United States. Sweden cherishes the same, Andersson said.

First Deputy Permanent Representative of Russia to the UN Dmitry Polyansky, speaking about the desire of Sweden and Finland to become part of NATO, did not rule out that these countries could become a “target for strike”, if alliance troops appear on their territory. According to the diplomat, “this will be the worst decision for them, but not for Russia”, which is ready to confront threats from the bloc.

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Biden expressed support for the desire of Finland and Sweden to become part of NATO

The US President spoke by telephone with Swedish Prime Minister Magdalena Andersson and Finnish President Sauli Niinistö. The latter told his American colleague about further steps taken by Helsinki to join the

US President Joe Biden supports NATO's open door policy and the right of Finland and Sweden to make their own security decisions, the White House said in a statement following a telephone conversation between the head of state and Swedish Prime Minister Magdalena Andersson and Finnish President Sauli Niinistö.

< p>The leaders also discussed cooperation between the countries in the field of defense and security, as well as efforts aimed at strengthening transatlantic security.

Niinistö, after talking with Biden, tweeted that he had told him about Helsinki's next steps to join the alliance.

Earlier, White House press secretary Jen Psaki said that Washington would support the applications of Finland and Sweden.< /p>

On May 12, Finnish President and Prime Minister Sanna Marin issued a statement that Helsinki should immediately apply to join NATO. According to the Finnish leader, his decision was influenced by Russia's demand from NATO to abandon the advance to the east and the start of a military operation in Ukraine.

On the same day, the Swedish newspaper Expressen reported on Stockholm's plans to apply for NATO membership on Monday, May 16. The next day, the President of Finland is scheduled to visit Sweden, during which he will hold talks with Andersson.

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Helsingin Sanomat wrote that countries plan to apply to NATO at the same time.

The day before, Russian President Vladimir Putin held a meeting with the permanent members of the Security Council, during which “an exchange of views took place on the decision of Finland and Sweden to join NATO and the potential threats to Russia's security arising from this,” the Kremlin said.

>

As stated by the official representative of the Russian Foreign Ministry Maria Zakharova, Finland and Sweden, having joined NATO, “will become a space of confrontation between the North Atlantic bloc and Russia, with all the ensuing consequences.” According to her, the alliance has been “processing” Helsinki and Stockholm to influence their policies, “carefully molding Russia into the image of an enemy.” “Russia's special operation in Ukraine should be perceived as a consequence of the aggressive expansionist policy of NATO, led by the United States, and not vice versa,” she said.

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Putin discussed with the Security Council the threat from the entry of Finland and Sweden into NATO

Dmitry Peskov: Vladimir Putin discussed with members of the Security Council the expansion of NATO and Ukraine The Russian President discussed at a meeting with members of the Security Council the possible threats from the entry of Sweden and Finland into NATO, as well as a special operation in Ukraine, the progress of which was reported by Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu

< img class="aligncenter" src="https://s0.rbk.ru/v6_top_pics/media/img/6/20/756524399056206.jpg" alt="Putin discussed with the Security Council the threat from Finland and Sweden joining NATO"/>

Vladimir Putin at a meeting with the permanent members of the Security Council (via videoconference)

At a meeting with the permanent members of the Security Council, Russian President Vladimir Putin discussed possible threats from the entry of Sweden and Finland into NATO. This was announced to journalists by the press secretary of the head of state Dmitry Peskov.

“An exchange of views took place on the topic of the decision of Finland and Sweden to join NATO and the potential threats to the security of Russia arising in this connection”, — said a Kremlin spokesman (TASS quote).

The meeting participants also discussed the course of the military special operation in Ukraine. “Along with current issues, Defense Minister [Sergey] Shoigu informed the meeting participants about the progress of the special military operation,” Peskov noted.

“A number of issues were also touched upon in the context of the upcoming CSTO summit on Monday,”— he added.

The Kremlin spokesman said that the meeting was attended by Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin, Deputy Head of the Security Council Dmitry Medvedev, Head of the Presidential Administration Anton Vaino, Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu, Interior Minister Vladimir Kolokoltsev, FSB Director Alexander Bortnikov, Foreign Intelligence Service Head Sergei Naryshkin and Special Representative Sergey Ivanov, President for Environmental Protection, Ecology and Transport.

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On May 12, Finnish President Sauli Niinistö and Prime Minister Sanna Marin announced the need to immediately apply for the country's entry into NATO. Finnish Foreign Minister Pekka Haavisto explained this decision by the fact that “the hostilities launched by Russia endangered the stability of all of Europe.” Sweden, according to the Expressen newspaper, is going to apply for NATO membership on May 16. Now Sweden and Finland have the status of states— NATO partners. 30 countries are members of the bloc, including Denmark and Norway.

Russian presidential spokesman Dmitry Peskov, speaking earlier about Helsinki's desire to become a member of the alliance, said that the Kremlin regards this as a threat. According to him, Moscow's actions will depend on how the “expansion process” will be expressed; and how the alliance's military infrastructure will move.

Deputy Permanent Representative of Russia to the UN Dmitry Polyansky said on May 12 that Sweden and Finland, who want to join NATO, could become Russia's target if alliance troops appear on the territory of these countries. “They know that as soon as they become members of NATO, this will require certain mirror steps from the Russian side,” — he said, calling NATO “an unfriendly bloc”; and the “enemy”.

The Russian Foreign Ministry, in turn, stated that the raison d'être of NATO is geopolitical confrontation with Russia, therefore, if Finland and Sweden become members of the alliance, they will also become a space of confrontation.< /p>

Russia has been conducting a special operation in Ukraine since February 24th. Vladimir Putin called it forced and necessary for “denazification” and “demilitarization” Ukraine, as well as to save its population from “genocide”. The Ministry of Defense stated that it does not strike civilian targets.

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