Bogatyr at the bifurcation point. Mathematicians predicted events in Ukraine

Once the Institute of Applied Mathematics named after. M. V. Keldysh RAS was created to solve problems related to nuclear energy and space exploration. But then the tasks changed. Now there, among other things, they are engaged in forecasting historical processes. For example, the situation that has developed in Ukraine since 2013 and the events taking place now were calculated by scientists using mathematical models more than 20 years ago.

Aif.ru talked about this with Head of the Nonlinear Process Modeling Department of the Institute of Applied Mathematics of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Doctor of Physics.-mat. Sciences Georgy Malinetsky.

Ukrainian Lever

Dmitry Pisarenko, aif.ru: —                       can you say that you predict history?

Georgy Malinetsky: — We predict not only historical processes. Our models affect the economy, demography, and partly psychology — the whole complex of human sciences. In the 1990s, we actively modeled the education system. The results showed that the introduction of the Unified State Examination will lead to a catastrophe of the system. At that time, destructive reforms were imposed on our country: to liquidate technical schools, to leave 50 universities for the whole of Russia… We reported the results of the modeling to the government, we managed to delay the reforms for 10 years.

Other important studies dealt with the risks of natural and man-made disasters. On the territory of the country, about 50,000 dangerous and 5 thousand especially dangerous objects. Accidents on some of            can lead to the death of hundreds of thousands of people and multi-billion financial losses. In 2001, President Putininstructed the scientific community to develop measures to prevent accidents, disasters and catastrophes. We did it. The Institute of Applied Mathematics, together with other academic institutions, presented a whole program of scientific monitoring of dangerous phenomena and processes, but the government blocked it for formal reasons. And and then there was no money for it  During this time, a lot of man-made disasters have occurred in the country, suffice it to recall the accident at the Sayano-Shushenskaya hydroelectric power station.

— How are historical processes predicted? What, are there any special equations?

— Our main tool — mathematical models. These are simplified constructions that reflect the essence of a phenomenon or process in the clearest possible way. Yes, mathematicians write differential equations, determine the coefficients, then it's all calculated on machine.

History — difficult to model object. But it can be projected onto a certain axis, which reflects the ownership of the means of production. Then we will get historical materialism with its division into formations, from primitive communal to communist. And you can take another axis, as suggested by the American sociologist Daniel Bell, — it shows the role of science in the development of society. Then the result of the simulation will be different: until the 20th century, the development of nature took place, in the 20th century the industrial era (time of machines) began, and now there is a post-industrial era, where people are in the center of attention.

This is a new phase in the development of civilization, when they try to defeat the enemy not with bombs and missiles, but with other means — economic and humanitarian. Fighting flows into the & nbsp; mass consciousness, values ​​and & nbsp; meanings become more important than weapons. We see using the example of Ukraine, that if for 20 years schoolchildren put any nonsense into the head then you can grow up a generation that will believe that the ancient ukry gave rise to European civilization, and their main historical enemy  — this is Russia. This has never been done before, the consciousness of a large people has not been replaced by a new one in such a short period of time. This is  there are humanitarian technologies in action: it is enough to change the school curriculum — and you get conscience altered people. At the same time, little effort is made (the United States has invested only 5 billion dollars in Ukraine), and the effect is colossal. In fact, this is such a lever.

The third extra

— But how exactly it is predicted crisis in the same Ukraine, ongoing hostilities?

— Let's see what are the underlying causes of what is happening. The current model of the world economic system has outlived its usefulness. Capitalism is over, it has no future — this system has nowhere else to grow. For those who have power and money, there is only one — — hinder the development of civilization, throw it back, unleashing new wars. What they do. The elite is trying to bring humanity back to the 20th century, where there were two world wars and the global dominance of the United States. Their goal — divide the world into three zones. In "green" zone — high standard of living and advanced technologies. “Yellow” takes care of its maintenance. A in "red" the zone is unstable — there is a “wild field” and relationships at feudal level. Their idea about Russia — so that she would be in "red" zone and never got out.

In China there is an epic “Three Kingdoms”. There, three kings fight with each other, weave intrigues, conspire. Everyone strives for dominance over others. This picture is consonant with what is happening now. According to various forecasts (not only ours), the main active players of the 21st century will be those civilizations that will have a GDP of more than 20 trillion dollars and a population of more than 400 million people. Who is this? First Player — USA with its  "provinces" Mexico and Canada, second — China, third — European Union. Everyone else — these are the next level countries.

And  these three are playing  the third extra. Europe and  China would like to build an analogue of the Great Silk Road. This would sharply strengthen and                other countries that the new trade route would pass through, including Russia. But then the United States will remain superfluous, and they really don want it. And America starts its game, trying to make this path as difficult as possible. How to do it? With & nbsp; the help of military conflicts throughout its entire length. What we and observe in during the last decades. You can also recall the unrest in Kazakhstan at the beginning of this year, they are from the same series. But the Ukrainian scenario turned out to be the most effective. Moreover, it turns out that hostilities are already taking place on the territory of Europe, which is very beneficial for the United States. After all, their goal — exclude the European Union from the Trinity. The longer this military conflict lasts, the better for America.

The mathematical models that were built by scientists predicted both the fighting in Ukraine and the upcoming world famine. True, the forecast was not for 2022 year, but for one-two years later. The point is that there are certain cycles, in accordance with which the economy changes. For example, there are Kondratieff cycles, they define crises, wars and revolutions. These are cycles of technological re-equipment, they take 40-50 years.

— And what do these models predict next? And most importantly, what do they say about the future of Russia, which, unfortunately, didn not find a place in the cherished trio?

— Russia can build its own civilization, there are resources for this, but we need strong geopolitical allies. First of all, this is Latin America, which, by the way, now supports us the most.  Second — India. We can lead a new geopolitical movement — that group of countries that don want to play the top three players. Then Russia with its allies will be by itself and the — on their own  We and will have a dialogue with but nothing more.

But  to build your civilization, you need an “Iron Curtain” (we have to produce a lot on our own), the degeneration of the elite (apparently, only 5-10% understand the essence of what is happening) and a clear image of the desired future, if you like — ideology. The world, also Latin America, expects from not so much oil and gas, but news about where we go and where we call them for with them. This news is not yet available.

«Without friends I am a little bit»

— Do mathematical models speak of the need for an ideology ?

— In the clash of civilizations, this is a very important parameter, it is expressed in including through it. Much depends on how much we reject others and support our own. More Napoleonsaid that the moral factor relates to the material as 3:1. Danilevsky, Toynbee, Spengler and GumilyovThose who studied the dynamics of civilizations, their life and death, came to conclusions the key importance of ideology. There was a Soviet and Russian scientist Dmitry Chernavsky, he developed a dynamic information theory and models of language wars. From his works follows the importance of meanings and values ​​not just for the development of society, but for its survival.

And Russia has something to offer the world. Conscience, inner reflection, the ability to put oneself in the place of another have always been important for us. While in the                ) : “Die yourself, but help a comrade out!” Our imperative — conciliarity, self-organization, collective action. Hence the artels, and soviets, and collective farms. A loner in our natural realities does survive: "Without friends, I am a little bit, but with friends a lot".

The dream, the idea of ​​ heaven on earth, which can and should be built, of  children who will go further than us, has always been important for Russia. It's worth going back to. But while Russia looks like a hero who stands at a fork in front of a stone and does know where to go next.

—  in the language of science, is this called a bifurcation?

— Exactly. This is, roughly speaking, the decision point: maybe this, and maybe that way. Bifurcation — an extremely unstable state in which even small impacts can have large consequences. At the same time, unexpected and qualitative changes are possible. As the saying goes, there there not a penny, and suddenly Altyn.

Russia is now at a bifurcation point where its future is determined, the question of its existence and place in history XXI century. There is hope that as a result of the super efforts of two generations, we will be able to build a strong country. If we we were were not       we we we we would not have there  Our hopes for tomorrow determine today's reality.

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The Rada proposed to strengthen the borders with Russia and Belarus with minefields

Deputies of the “Servant of the People” introduced a bill to strengthen the borders with Russia and Belarus They proposed to protect the borders with minefields and a special zone of 2 km ” alt=” The Rada proposed to strengthen the borders with Russia and Belarus with minefields” />

People's deputies of Ukraine submitted a bill on the protection of the country's borders for consideration, follows from the information on the website.

They proposed to allocate areas along the borders with Russia and Belarus for the arrangement of protective equipment, including minefields, as well as to establish two kilometers from the borders of the special border regime. In this zone, free entry, stay, residence, movement and work that are not related to border protection will be prohibited.

The deputies came up with an initiative to simplify the procedure for the forced expulsion of illegal migrants from Ukraine. They want to give the right to make such decisions to the Security Service of Ukraine (SBU), the State Migration Service (SMS) and the Border Guard Service. In this case, the court will only issue orders for detention and expulsion.

The bill was introduced by 40 deputies of the Verkhovna Rada. All of them are members of President Volodymyr Zelensky's Servant of the People party.

Russia launched a military operation in Ukraine on February 24. Kyiv imposed martial law and severed diplomatic relations with Moscow. Representatives of 141 countries in the UN General Assembly condemned the actions of the Russian authorities, demanded a ceasefire and the withdrawal of troops.

The country's border service reported that Russian troops crossed the Ukrainian border from Belarus with the support of the country's army. The CNN television channel then showed photos and videos of a convoy of Russian vehicles that drove through the border crossing on the border of Belarus and Ukraine.

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The President of Belarus Alexander Lukashenko said that the Belarusian troops did not take any part in the military operation. At the same time, he later said that Ukrainian troops had deployed heavy rocket artillery near the borders, and Minsk passed this information on to Moscow. The Russian Iskander-M complexes, which were located in the Mozyr area, attacked these positions on the evening of February 23.

After that, the Ukrainian authorities have repeatedly stated the risk of a new offensive from Belarus. On June 25, Ukrainian intelligence spokesman Vadim Skibitsky said that Russian special forces units, together with Belarusian special operations forces, were conducting exercises. He suggested that in three to four weeks Russia could launch an attack on Ukraine from Belarus, UNIAN reported.

Lukashenko himself has repeatedly said that Russian President Vladimir Putin did not ask him to participate in the military operation. Since May, a sudden check of the reaction forces has been going on in Belarus. From June 22 to July 1, in the Gomel region, which borders Ukraine, mobilization exercises with military commissariats are to take place.

After the start of the military operation, the newly created pro-Russian administration of the Kherson region closed the border with the regions controlled by Kyiv. The newly appointed authorities of the Zaporozhye region called for the elimination of the border with Russia.

At the same time, due to the risk of sabotage, the Ministry of Emergency Situations planned to launch a pilot version of the Safe City system in a number of regions bordering Ukraine, Kommersant wrote. with reference to sources.

The software will have to use video analytics to recognize weapons, accidents or other incidents in the Crimea, Sevastopol, Voronezh and Belgorod regions, as well as in the Krasnodar Territory.

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The Ambassador of the LPR in Russia said that hundreds of civilians could remain at Azot

Earlier, Ramzan Kadyrov announced the withdrawal of all civilians who remained at the Azot plant in Severodonetsk. But, according to Rodion Miroshnik, those who came out reported that there could be hundreds more people at the enterprise

On the territory of the blocked chemical plant Azot Hundreds of civilians may remain in Severodonetsk, LPR Ambassador to Russia Rodion Miroshnik said on Telegram, referring to people evacuated from the enterprise.

“Some of those who went out said that there could be hundreds more civilians in shelters that do not communicate with each other. According to them, the militants did not have access to many of the shelters and tried in various ways to pull civilians out of the dungeons, — he wrote.

Earlier on June 25, the head of Chechnya, Ramzan Kadyrov, reported that Russian and LPR forces had withdrawn all civilians remaining there from the plant.

According to Miroshnik, the evacuation has now been suspended due to shelling from Lisichansk. “After cleaning up the Azot industrial zone” Allied troops found civilians in the shelters of the enterprise. They have already received water, food and medicine. Some of the civilians managed to leave both the shelters and the territory of the enterprise, but a significant part remains in place. Resumed shelling prevents the exit, — he explained. The evacuation will continue “as soon as security permits.”

In early May, the Russian Ministry of Defense reported that the Ukrainian military had deployed on the territory of “Azot” heavy weapons and hold more than a thousand employees of the enterprise and local residents “as a” human shield “.

Later, the military stationed at the plant was blocked. Miroshnik reported that the number of civilians hiding on Azot is unknown.

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On June 12, civilians began to leave the factory, the LPR ambassador reported. “Through the second checkpoint of the Azot chemical association” civilians began to leave. This checkpoint is not controlled by militants. They are met and taken to a safe place by the fighters of the allied forces, — he explained.

On June 25, the Ministry of Defense declared full control over Severodonetsk and the suppression of the last center of resistance at Azot.

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The Cabinet of Ministers of Russia approved the draft agreement with Serbia on flight safety

Russian Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin approved a draft agreement with Serbia on improving flight safety. The order was published on the official portal of legal information.

The document was submitted by the Ministry of Transport of Russia. The project was agreed with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Ministry of Industry and Trade, and was also preliminary worked out with the Serbian side.

Mishustin instructed the Federal Air Transport Agency to negotiate an agreement with colleagues from Serbia.

The agreement implies that now Russia and Serbia Simplify aircraft airworthiness, flight simulator evaluations, and maintenance operations. The parties will also cooperate on maintaining the level of safety and quality of the environment.

Earlier, the Federal Air Transport Agency said that the re-registration of aircraft in the state register of the Russian Federation would not affect flight safety. According to the Ministry of Transport, most of the aircraft of Russian airlines have already been transferred to the domestic register and reinsured. 

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The forces of Russia and the LNR completely liberated Severodonetsk and Borovskoye

The allied forces of Russia and the Lugansk People's Republic completely liberated the cities Severodonetsk and Borovskoye, as well as the settlements of Voronovo and Sirotino. This was stated by the official representative of the Russian Ministry of Defense, Lieutenant-General Igor Konashenkov.

According to him, the units of LPR People's Militia with the support of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation carried out successful offensive operations, as a result of which Severodonetsk, Borovskoye, Voronovo and Sirotino were completely liberated. 

“Thus, the enemy's attempt to turn the industrial zone of the Severodonetsk enterprise “AZOT” into thwarted into a stubborn center of resistance, — said  Konashenkov, noting that now the territory of the plant is controlled by the Luhansk security forces.

It is also noted that after the complete liberation of the cities Severodonetsk and Borovskoye the entire left-bank territory of the Seversky Donets within the borders of the LPR came under its control .

Earlier today it was reported that the allied forces of the LPR and Russia entered Lisichansk and are fighting in the city.

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The EC has prepared a document allowing Russia to transport goods to Kaliningrad

The EC has prepared a document allowing Russia to transport goods to the Kaliningrad region. The document is expected to be published next week. Lithuania recalled the right of veto to prevent a “serious political crisis” in the country jpg” alt=”EC has prepared a document allowing Russia to transport goods to Kaliningrad” />

Kaliningrad

The European Commission is discussing a draft document allowing the transportation of goods under sanctions from “Russia to Russia”— to the Kaliningrad region— through the EU. This was announced by the European Parliamentarian from Lithuania, Petras Auštrevičius.

“A document was born that will allow the transportation of sanctioned goods through the EU from“ Russia to Russia ”. This information was sent to Lithuania. Lithuania is not mentioned in the document, but by default it is clear that it affects Lithuania if Lithuania agrees to it,— Auštrevičius wrote on social media.

According to Auštrevičius, Lithuania has a veto power that it can use to prevent a “serious political crisis”; in the country.

He added that he sent the head of the European Commission, Ursula von der Leyen, and the High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, EC Vice President Josep Borrell, a letter in which he stated that “trust and credibility of EU policy are inseparable from the full implementation of sanctions, without exception of the Kaliningrad region».

On June 18, Lithuanian Railways stopped transit deliveries to the Kaliningrad region, as well as the export from it of a large list of goods that fall under EU sanctions. The list includes products made from iron, steel and other metals, fertilizers, timber, glass containers, cement, natural gas liquefaction plants, iron products, purebred horses, cigars, perfumes, etc.

Lithuanian Foreign Minister Gabrielius Landsbergis explained this step by the implementation of European sanctions that came into force on June 17. The Kremlin considered these measures unprecedented and illegal.

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On June 21, the Russian Foreign Ministry summoned EU Ambassador Markus Ederer, who assured that there was no talk of a blockade of the Kaliningrad region, and asked to resolve the issue through diplomatic means. Russian Security Council Secretary Nikolai Patrushev said that Moscow is working on a response to “hostile actions.”

Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Maria Zakharova pointed out that a possible response to the restriction of transit would lie not in the diplomatic, but in the practical plane.

p>

The head of the Agency for International and Interregional Relations of the Kaliningrad Region, Alla Ivanova, proposed supplementing the EU document 833/2014 with the concept of “Kaliningrad transit of people and goods”.

As another decision, it was proposed to exclude the phrase “including transit” from the text of the articles of the sanctions document that relate to oil products, metals, coal and other goods.

The Kremlin admitted that Lithuania could cancel the decision to restrict transit to Kaliningrad, however urged to prepare for the worst. “Let's hope for the best, but prepare for the worst. What we always do,»,— said the press secretary of the President of Russia Dmitry Peskov.

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Putin announced the readiness of Russia and Belarus to saturate the markets with fertilizers

According to Putin, the two countries account for 15% of world trade and 25% for some types of fertilizers. The EU previously restricted the import of fertilizers from the two states, the US, in turn, excluded them from the sanctions lists

Vladimir Putin and Alexander Lukashenko

Russian President Vladimir Putin discussed with his Belarusian counterpart Alexander Lukashenko the situation with the supply of food and fertilizers to world markets. According to him, Moscow and Minsk are ready to take all necessary actions to meet the needs of the markets due to interruptions in supplies.

“We are the largest fertilizer supplier to the world market <…>. You and I agreed to do everything that depends on us, to take all the actions that depend on us, in order to satisfy the demand of our consumers, our clients, — Putin said at a meeting in St. Petersburg (TASS quote).

Putin noted that 15% of world trade and 25% for some types of fertilizers— it is “a very significant amount.”

After the start of the Russian special operation in Ukraine, Western countries have already introduced several packages of sanctions against Moscow and Minsk, which have exacerbated the problem of food supplies and mineral fertilizers. In early March, the Ministry of Industry and Trade warned of the risk of a collapse in the global fertilizer market due to problems with the supply of Russian goods to foreign countries.

After that, the US Treasury excluded fertilizers, medical equipment and medicines from Russia from the sanctions list. Washington allowed the export, import and re-export of these goods. At the same time, sanctions against most Russian financial, insurance and logistics companies continue to apply.

Nevertheless, in early April, the European Union limited the import of Russian-made fertilizers: the quota for potassium chloride will be 837.57 thousand tons, while the quota for other fertilizers containing potassium will be 1.57 million tons. European countries have also adopted restrictions on the purchase of fertilizers from Belarus.

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In mid-April, Russia introduced export quotas for mineral fertilizer producers to support them amid the risk of downtime “due to low demand in the domestic market and sanctions from unfriendly states.” Nitrogen fertilizers were allowed to export about 5.7 million tons. The export quota for complex fertilizers will be about 5.6 million tons.

On May 16, The Wall Street Journal reported, citing sources, that UN Secretary General António Guterres proposed to mitigate restrictions on the export of Russian and Belarusian potash fertilizers in exchange for the passage of ships with grain from the ports of Ukraine; according to the publication, he discussed this issue with Russia and Turkey. The UN World Food Program previously reported that about 25 million tons of grain “stuck” in Ukraine due to infrastructure problems and “blocked Black Sea ports.”

Putin has previously expressed confidence that Western countries will buy Russian fertilizers because of their scarcity. “The deficit will be taken. Will. No one wants to die of hunger, & mdash; said the head of state.

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Lithuanian President opposes compromise with Russia on transit

The President of Lithuania opposed a compromise with Russia on the issue of transit to Kaliningrad The President of Lithuania called on the government to urgently start consultations with the European Commission so that the implementation of anti-Russian sanctions would not harm Lithuania's interests, but would be painful for Russia

Gitanas Nauseda

President of Lithuania Gitanas Nauseda decided not to make concessions to Russia on the issue of transit to the Kaliningrad region.

“Lithuania must maintain and will maintain control over the goods transported through its territory, and there can be no question of any “corridors”,— he wrote in social networks.

Nauceda has already discussed the issue of transit with the head of the European Commission, Ursula von der Leyen. “It is clear that Lithuania must and will apply EU sanctions,” — stressed the president.

He added that the Lithuanian government should urgently start consultations with the European Commission so that the implementation of anti-Russian sanctions would not harm either Lithuanian interests or international agreements, but would be painful for Russia.

Lithuanian MEP Petras Auštrevičius announced earlier on June 25 that the European Commission was discussing a draft document allowing the transportation of goods under sanctions from Russia to the Kaliningrad region through the territory of the EU.

At the same time, he recalled Lithuania's right of veto, which it can apply to avert a “major political crisis” in the country.

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Austrevičius sent a letter to von der Leyen and the head of European diplomacy, Josep Borrell, in which he stated that “trust and reliability of EU policy are inseparable from the full implementation of sanctions without excluding the Kaliningrad region.”

On June 25, a meeting was held between Russian President Vladimir Putin and Belarusian leader Alexander Lukashenko. During the negotiations, the President of Belarus stated that he considers Lithuania's actions to ban transit to the Kaliningrad region comparable to a declaration of war.

On June 18, Lithuania stopped transit deliveries to the Kaliningrad region for a large list of goods, explaining this measure by the implementation of European sanctions that came into force on June 17.

The list includes products from iron, steel and other metals, fertilizers, timber, glass containers, cement, natural gas liquefaction plants, iron products, purebred horses, cigars, perfumes, etc.

The Kremlin considered these measures illegal. On June 21, the Russian Foreign Ministry summoned EU Ambassador Markus Ederer, who assured that there was no question of a blockade of the Kaliningrad region, and asked to resolve the issue through diplomacy. hostile actions. Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Maria Zakharova pointed out that a possible response to the restriction of transit will lie not in the diplomatic, but in the practical plane.

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Reuters learned about the agreement by the G7 countries to ban gold imports from Russia

According to the agency, the leaders of the G7 countries agreed to a ban on the import of new gold from Russia. Earlier, Reuters reported that the EU may also include restrictions on gold in the seventh package of anti-Russian sanctions 756561766588347.jpg” alt=”Reuters learned of the G7 countries agreeing to ban gold imports from Russia” />

The leaders of the G7 countries (Great Britain, Germany, Italy, Canada, France, Japan and the United States) agreed to a ban on imports new gold from Russia, according to Reuters, citing sources.

According to the agency, on June 28, the US Treasury Department will issue a ruling to ban the import of new gold into the United States. Similar statements should be made by the finance ministries of other G7 countries, the agency writes.

On June 21, Reuters, citing sources, said that the European Union may include restrictions on gold in the seventh package of anti-Russian sanctions. One of the interlocutors told the agency that the European Commission is working on the inclusion of gold in a possible new package of sanctions, but it is not known whether the measure will involve a ban on the export of the metal to Russia or its import from the country.

A representative of the Danish ambassador to the EU told the agency that at a closed meeting of ambassadors last week, the Danish diplomat suggested that gold be included in the new sanctions package along with other sectors.

Russia is one of the world's largest exporters of gold. According to the Ministry of Finance, in 2021, Russian gold mining companies produced 346.4 tons of gold. Approximately 87% of this volume, or 302.2 tons, went to export, which brought in $17.4 billion, according to FCS statistics.

On February 28, the Bank of Russia resumed buying gold on the domestic precious metals market after the EU and the US blocked its assets. The regulator has not purchased this metal since March 2020. In mid-March 2022, the Central Bank suspended purchases due to increased demand for gold bullion among the population, but at the end of the month resumed them again at a fixed price.

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Ministry of Transport did not confirm ICAO concerns about aviation security in Russia

ICAO, as RBC wrote earlier, called on Russia to deal with the double registration of aircraft by September 14 – otherwise the country will be marked with a “red flag”. The Ministry of Transport announced a high level of flight safety confirmed ICAO's concerns about aviation security in Russia” />

The Ministry of Transport does not confirm the concerns of the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) about flight safety in Russia, TASS writes, citing a statement from the department.

“Aircraft flight safety is ensured and maintained at a high level”, — assured in the Ministry of Transport. They noted that the same specialists continue to maintain aircraft using the same tools as before, “Russian aviation authorities confirm the compliance of aircraft transferred to the Russian register with international and Russian airworthiness requirements.”

Earlier, RBC, citing a copy of the document, the authenticity of which was confirmed by the organization's official representative Anthony Philbin, said that the ICAO has concerns regarding the double registration of Russian aircraft: because of it, there is a problem with the validity of licenses for their radio equipment and airworthiness certificates in general. The ICAO bulletin states that if the Russian authorities do not resolve this issue by September 14, information about “substantial concerns” will be lost. will become publicly available, and on the site where the results of flight safety audits are published, a “red flag” will appear opposite Russia & mdash; it is a tool for “collectively informing other countries” who can decide for themselves what to do with this information. Now problems with ensuring flight safety are officially declared in Eritrea and Bhutan.

Philbin explained that the fears are related to the violation of Art. 18 of the Chicago Convention, to which the USSR joined in 1970 (Russia became its successor, including under this agreement). According to this article, an aircraft cannot be legally registered in more than one State.

The Federal Air Transport Agency rejected any concerns about the safety of Russian aircraft and said that there was no evidence of non-compliance of aircraft with ICAO requirements. In April, the regulator accused “unfriendly countries” of in making decisions that called into question the system based on the provisions of the Chicago Convention.

Russian airlines began to actively register Western aircraft in the national register after the introduction of international sanctions against the industry due to the military operation in Ukraine.

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The EU, the USA and other countries closed their airspace to Russian aircraft, and more than 20 carriers ended up on the so-called EU black list.

The authorities of Bermuda and Ireland have suspended the airworthiness certificates of aircraft of Russian companies, and the US Federal Aviation Administration has downgraded the safety rating for Russian airlines, as Rosaviatsia does not comply with ICAO safety standards.

Due to restrictions, leasing agreements were terminated for more 700 foreign aircraft. According to Transport Minister Vitaly Savelyev, as of March 22, 78 aircraft were registered abroad. By June 15, more than 600 aircraft have been transferred to the Russian registry since the beginning of 2022— mainly Airbus and Boeing. At the same time, the Bermuda aviation authorities reported that the same number of Russian aircraft is still registered on the islands. Due to double registration, several companies have had problems with flights to China. As RBC's source in one of these companies explained, the carriers were unable to document that imported aircraft were officially deregistered abroad. Therefore, the Chinese authorities, in compliance with international aviation law, refused to fly.

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In Germany, it was not ruled out that Russia would cut off gas

German Economy Minister Robert Habeck considered it possible to stop supplies after a two-week shutdown of Nord Stream for maintenance. Putin said that Russia is ready to continue energy supplies Germany did not rule out that Russia would cut off gas” />

German Economy Minister Robert Habeck did not rule out that Russia would no longer supply gas to Germany. He said this in an interview with the ZDF TV channel.

“I would be lying if I said that it was out of the question, — Khabek noted, speaking about the possibility of shutting off gas by Russia.— In reality, [Russian President Vladimir] Putin is gradually reducing the amount of gas.

In his opinion, “Putin's plan” is to put pressure on the market and raise gas prices in Europe in order to “ignite social unrest and destroy unity.” However, Putin should not win, the minister stressed.

Khabek noted that, on the one hand, it is necessary to prevent the economy from “failing”; due to high gas prices, and on the other— avoid the “big social problem” in Germany. He urged to show solidarity and save gas wherever possible.

Termination of gas supplies to Germany from Russia via the Nord Stream gas pipeline Klaus Müller, head of the German Federal Network Agency, also considered it possible. Speaking about stopping the Nord Stream in July for two weeks for maintenance, he said, “We can't rule it out [stopping supplies after shutdown].” The regulator is considering various options, most of them “unpleasant”; and envisage winter gas shortages, Mueller warned.

As Bloomberg reports, EU leaders are preparing for further cuts in Russian gas supplies and looking for ways to ease the impact of the energy crisis on economies.

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“If Germany already declares today that it will not have enough gas for the winter, the consequences will be extraordinary for Germany, as well as for all other European countries,” — said Belgian Prime Minister Alexandre de Cros.

“The idea of ​​cheap energy is in the past, the idea of ​​Russian energy is, in fact, in the past, and we are all in the process of looking for alternative sources,” — Prime Minister of Latvia Krisjanis Karins said. He called this the result of Russia's actions in Ukraine and expressed confidence that these difficulties will make the countries even more resilient. after two weeks of maintenance, the Financial Times previously reported. The press secretary of the Russian President Dmitry Peskov, commenting on the publication, assured that Moscow strictly fulfills its obligations on fuel supplies.

“Gazprom” in mid-June announced a reduction in the volume of gas pumped through Nord Stream; first from 167 million to 100 million cubic meters. m per day, and then up to 67 million cubic meters. m per day. The company explained its decision by the delay of the German Siemens repair of gas pumping units of the Portovaya compressor station. Siemens, in turn, explained that the turbines for the gas pipeline are manufactured by Canada and one of the engines is being repaired in Montreal, and it is impossible to return the repaired turbines due to Canadian sanctions.

Due to the supply situation Germany raised the gas emergency warning level to the second out of three.

Russia is ready to continue to “conscientiously fulfill all its contractual obligations for the supply of agricultural products, fertilizers, energy carriers and other critical products,” President Vladimir Putin stressed at the BRICS plus meeting June 24. He also ruled out that rising food, energy and commodity prices— a consequence of the Russian military operation in Ukraine.

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The General Staff of the French Army tried to explain itself for the capture of CAESAR self-propelled guns by Russia

Photo: Frame from video

The General Headquarters of the French Armed Forces attempted to explain the situation with the capture of self-propelled artillery installations (ACS) by Russian troops in Ukraine ) French-made CAESAR.

Earlier, Uralvagonzavod thanked French President Emmanuel Macron on his Telegram channel, asking the French politician Régis Castelnau to convey gratitude to the head of the European state for the “donated” self-propelled guns.

France handed over 18 CAESAR self-propelled artillery mounts to Ukraine. The General Staff of the French Armed Forces completely denied the information about the capture of guns, at the same time without providing any evidence to support their position.

But immediately, the French headquarters admitted the possibility of the capture by Russian military self-propelled guns, stipulating that the situation seems unlikely and implausible.

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Zakharova said that Russia has never threatened with nuclear weapons

Photo: Global Look Press

The Russian Foreign Ministry published a comment by its official representative, Maria Zakharova, on the topic of nuclear weapons. The statement was made on the occasion of the completion of the Conference of the States Parties to the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons.

“No” nuclear threats “have ever been and never are heard from Russia,” Zakharova said.

She added that “Russian approaches are based solely on the logic of deterrence.”

Zakharova also said that in this regard, “statements regarding mutual threats to use nuclear weapons” are surprising.

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The expert urged Russia to uncover tactical nuclear weapons

The collective West gathers an anti-Russian coalition: what to do

The European Union and NATO are gathering a coalition to fight Russia. This was announced on Friday at a press conference in Baku by Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov. He said that it all reminded him of the situation at the beginning of World War II, when Hitler gathered most of the European countries under his banner to attack the Soviet Union. Now they are also being collected by the EU and NATO to fight Russia. The head of the Russian Foreign Ministry “MK” asked an expert to comment on this statement.

Photo: RF Ministry of Defense

– No, – Igor Korotchenko, editor-in-chief of the National Defense magazine, comments. – I think it's just a statement of existing realities. Especially in light of the upcoming NATO summit, where a new strategic concept will be adopted, officially declaring Russia a military adversary.

Plus, it is already obvious that the Russia-NATO founding act will cease to have effect. That is, there will no longer be any obstacles for the movement of the Alliance military vehicles to the Russian borders. Even if it was as formalized and incomplete as this document contained.

So Lavrov's words are a statement of the existing realities. And in them we see the European consolidation against its main opponent. Previously it was the Soviet Union, now it is Russia. The minister's words simply give a clear analysis of the current situation that is emerging today.

– I think a real military confrontation is already underway. It's just that now it will be elevated to the rank of an official position in the new strategic concept of NATO – in those decisions that will be discussed and adopted at the summit of the Alliance.

– Not a war because Russia is a nuclear power. But we will need to rethink our military doctrine and nuclear planning. It is absolutely necessary to do this in order to contain NATO and the EU, which are already gathering into such a single steel fist. We can counter it solely by relying on tactical nuclear weapons, which in this situation should be delivered from warehouses to the troops on specific carriers.

– Because after the restriction of transit to Kaliningrad, a complete ban on transit, and a naval blockade, and even the sending of NATO forces to the territory of the Kaliningrad region may follow. In this situation, you need to have time to respond instantly and immediately.

And given the disparity in the field of conventional weapons – NATO here surpasses us many times – we can react quickly, deterring the Alliance, only relying on tactical nuclear weapons.

Consequently, it is necessary to review and specify conceptual foundations for its application, and to draw those “red lines” that we will be ready to use in parrying threats and aggression using tactical nuclear weapons against NATO groupings in the European theater of operations.

– This will mean that they will sign their own verdict. They will determine their own destiny by their actions and their aggression. But it is already simply impossible for Russia to continue, as before, backing away and retreating somewhere. And therefore, whether Sweden and Finland will be accepted into NATO this time, or not, there is no difference. Tactical nuclear weapons should be delivered on specific carriers to the troops of the Western Military District, to the Baltic and Northern Fleets.

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The composition of the Great Army of Napoleon during the campaign against Russia. infographics

Exactly 210 years ago — June 24, 1812 — The Great Army of Napoleon Bonaparte crossed the Neman River, unleashing a war with the Russian Empire. The French emperor, striving for European domination, counted on a quick victory. Behind Napoleon brought a huge army  — more than half a million people who spoke, using the rhetoric of Alexander I, "twelve languages".

However, the Great Army eventually met fierce resistance. 26 December 1812, the Patriotic War (in French historiography — the Russian company of 1812 year) ended in a complete and unconditional victory of the Russian and allied forces.

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Who was in the ranks of Napoleon's Great Army?

According to  historian Oleg Sokolov, out of 530 thousand people who went on a trip to Russia, approximately 277 thousand — these are French, and the rest — Foreigners. Moreover, out of these 253 thousand, 222 thousand came from the principalities of Germany. If we also take into account the Austrians, then the number of interventionists who spoke German in Napoleon's army was 256 thousand people. That is almost half of the Great Army.

The historian notes that under the “French” in these calculations do not mean nationality, but citizenship. Not all subjects of Napoleon's empire were ethnically French. Among them were residents of the "new departments" France, included in its composition as a result of military victories. These are the territories of modern Belgium, Holland, Piedmont, central Italy and the German lands of the left bank of the Rhine. Men born in these places served in the army on a common basis.

“If we take the average percentage of immigrants from the & ldquo; new departments & rdquo; in the ranks of the French regiments (i.e. 25%), we get that 69166 soldiers were non-French. Moreover, this figure is the minimum… Thus, rounding the figures, we can say that at least 330 out of 530 thousand. soldiers of the Grand Army were non-French, in other words, 62%, or, at the most rough estimate, three out of five», — the historian writes.

Non-French people mainly participated in the campaign against Russia in two forms. They could be part of foreign contingents that marched on Moscow as part of Napoleon's army, or served in foreign regiments of the French army.

See in aif.ru's infographics the citizens of which countries fought in  side of France in the war of 1812 .

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Europe is against Russia. Napoleon’s campaign was lost in advance?

Weekly “Argumenty i Fakty” No. 25. The tariff drives the wave 22/06/2022

210 years ago, on the night of 23 on 24 June    , 1812 g., the Great ArmyNapoleon Bonaparte began crossing the border river Neman. Another round of confrontation «Europe — Russia» switched to "hot" phase.

This epoch-making event was preceded by a minor incident, about which told in his memoirsMarquis Armand de Caulaincourt. During a reconnaissance on the banks of the Neman, Napoleon launched his horse into a gallop, and the horse, frightened by a hare that fluttered from under her feet, jumped sideways: “The emperor, who rode very badly, fell to the ground. I then thought it was a bad omen».

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Start for health

However, already on the fourth day of the campaign, Napoleon entered Vilna — impressive pace. Some of Bonaparte's Old Guard boasted that August 15, the emperor's birthday, they would celebrate in Petersburg. Napoleon saw the purpose of the war in to withdraw Russia from the conditional club of great powers, and ideally to expel completely from "the civilized world". Here are his words spoken in Vilna: “I have come to put an end to the colossus of northern barbarians once and for all. We must throw them into their ice so that they don interfere in the affairs of civilized Europe. The Baltic Sea should be closed to them. If the Russian tsar needs victories, let him beat the Persians, but let not interfere in the affairs of Europe».

Almost everyone believed in Napoleon's ability to carry out his plan. Countess Anna Potockawrote: “Taking into account the number of nations that followed under the French banners, the most skeptical minds could not doubt the success.” Over the course of five years, Bonaparte, under the slogans of “granting civil rights and freedoms to the peoples” where by diplomacy, and where by armed violence he creates a grandiose pan-European construction of Pax Napoleonica. She does not seem to threaten Russia — in 1807  emperors Napoleon and Alexandersigned the Peace of Tilsit. However, this structure is constantly expanding to the east. In 1807   the Grand Duchy of Warsaw is created on the Russian border, completely dependent on Napoleon. In 1809  a similar fate awaits Austria, which is also sealed by the  marriage of Napoleon with Maria-Louise of Austria. Well and in February 1812  Prussia fell into dependence. 

Alexander I I didn't believe in unctuous songs about the absence of a threat for a second. And & nbsp; managed to properly use the time allotted to him by fate. First of all, he secured the empire from the flanks. In 1809  following the results of the war with Sweden, Russia received Finland — thus, the border was seriously pushed back, and the forces that once “stand against the Swede” were freed up for active participation in the upcoming campaign. In south by May 1812 g. urgently brought to an end the war with Turkey, which lasted from 1806 g., received Bessarabia and the released armies. On both flanks were the main characters of the future Patriotic War.  South — Mikhail Kutuzov, in the north —Mikhail Barclay de Tolly and Alexey Arakcheev.

This is where the pattern breaks. After all, everyone knows that Barclay de Tolly was lack of initiative and, as they say, “leaked” Napoleon throughout the first period of the war. And after the surrender of Smolensk, some wits changed his name — they say, “Chatting, yes” and “only”. And the name of Arakcheev is associated exclusively with the cruelty of military settlements and senseless drill. In a word — “Arakcheevshchina”.

Barclay's Network

In fact, the work of this tandem has become the key to Russia's future victory. According to the Chinese thinker Sun Tzu, who is considered an ace of military strategy, “The very best”— not to break the army, but the plans of the enemy. A tool without which it is impossible to break plans, — intelligence and counterintelligence. To make the work of intelligence systemic, to create an apparatus that accumulates and analyzes information, — this is the merit of Barclay de Tolly. In  January 1810  he took up the post of Minister of War. And almost immediately the Expedition of Secret Affairs under the War Ministry started working. The structure was engaged not only in the processing of information, but also in undercover work. In the western border region, over which the fruits of “peaceful European initiatives” hung, a large-scale agent network was created. Marquis Caulaincourtrecalled that Napoleon, at the entrance to Vilna, met not a joyful crowd of townspeople, but a few Jews and a few people from the common people. It is possible that among these Jews there were  those who responded to the call of their spiritual leader — Rebbe Shneur Zalman bar-Borukh,founder of the Chabad Hasidic movement: “We” did not feel the oppression that in other kingdoms, even in France itself, it happened. We we were not only protected by law along with natural Russians, but and were admitted to rights and ranks, enjoyed honors and the free practice of our faith and rites even in the most reigning city of St. Petersburg! So be zealous & nbsp; serve the Russian military commanders with all your might!

Bonaparte deceived

In the first period of the war, Barclay managed to put into action the plan that he had been hatching for a long time. Back in 1807 g. Barclay outlined the outlines of the coming war: “In the event of Napoleon's invasion of Russia should, by a skillful retreat, force the enemy to move away from the operational base, tire him with small enterprises and lure him inland, and then with saved troops and with the help of climate to prepare for him, at least for Moscow, a new Poltava. In 1810  Barclay issued everything in the form of a note “On” the protection of the western borders of Russia, addressed to the emperor. And in the summer of 1812 g. urgently needed to put this plan into action. That is, to withdraw the scattered Russian armies from the blow of Napoleon, to unite them, and retreat. Without the information that came to Barclay from agents, it was impossible to do this.

And then Alexey Arakcheev comes forward. A good commander fights not with a shout of “Hurrah”, but with a shovel, porridge and a short fur coat. “General Frost”, as well as “Lieutenant Rasputitsa”, in the & nbsp; campaign of 1812 & nbsp; they beat not only the French, but and    Russians. The stake on a well-organized retreat and the climate could not work if at the head of the supply of the entire Russian army was Arakcheev, to hands not stuck a penny of government money.

By and large, Napoleon, who captured Vilna and discussed "northern barbarians", had already lost by  “I see only one — masses of enemy troops, — Bonaparte said. — I try to destroy them, being sure that everything else will collapse along with them». Barclay, Arakcheev and Alexander I agreed with him. And, strictly adhering to the course of preserving the Russian army, they led the greatest conqueror like a boy. As soon as he crossed the Neman, he found himself drawn into someone else's game on someone else's territory. And already the next year, Russian troops paid a return visit to Europe.

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“Caesar”, captured, in good condition … Why does Russia need French guns

Here, a little-known French politician Régis de Castelnau took it, and and wrote on the Internet that two French howitzers became Russian trophies in Ukraine. And instantly became a hero of the Runet.

Monsieur de Castelnau did so in the heat of controversy with his political opponent President Emmanuel Macron. He hardly he heard him, another thing — us  Information about the fact that a pair of self-propelled howitzers “Caesar” fell into the hands of the Russian army (Caesar) produced by the French company “Nexter”, awakened among the Russians an interest in trophy equipment.

Hunting for trophies

“This is a standard practice,” — shared with aif.ru military observer, editor-in-chief of the National Defense magazine; Igor Korotchenko. — It has been like this since Soviet times and even earlier. Any samples of foreign military equipment are of undoubted interest for study, analysis of strengths and weaknesses. That's right: not for direct copying, which happens extremely rarely, but in order to make adjustments to the development of our own military equipment based on the results of the study.

Military and political intelligence agencies have always been tasked with obtaining documentation on western weapons, and better — original samples. For early samples of “Stinger” people received the Stars of Heroes of the Soviet Union! We can also recall the “stealth plane” shot down over Yugoslavia. F-117, which was brought to Russia and disassembled by screw for study.

Other countries behave in exactly the same way. The same Americans, after the start of the special operation, organized a whole conveyor from Ukraine to deliver fragments of Russian military equipment from there. First of all, this concerned our cruise missiles, “Caliber” and t. e. Here is the French self-propelled howitzer “Caesar” good for something. Although in Russia there are similar self-propelled guns on wheeled chassis — anti-ship artillery complex “Bereg”, for example".

Greetings from Urals!

At "Uralvagonzavod", by the way, receiving "Caesars" confirmed. The concern published a rather sarcastic response to the French politician: “Please convey your gratitude to President Macron for donated self-propelled guns. Technique is the same, of course. Not that our “Msta-S” (By the way, it is produced by one of “subsidiaries” of UVZ. — aif.ru). But nevertheless it will come in handy in the economy. Send more — let's disassemble», — write the Urals, alluding to the promise of the President of France to send Kyiv some more “Caesars”.

French wheeled self-propelled guns — not the first sample of foreign military equipment obtained through Ukraine. In the early days of the special operation, the hands of the Russian army began to fall into the hands of the Javelin anti-tank systems, which, it used to be, the military personnel of the Armed Forces of Ukraine threw en masse during the retreat. Their fate was shared by the Swedish-British NLAW anti-tank systems, HMMWV armored jeeps, the English Saxon armored car, and the Ukrainian Kazak-2 armored vehicles. and   "Warta"… All these samples, for the for the most part, are not some kind of revelations in the field of armaments and military equipment. It is unlikely that the West will send really advanced types of weapons to Ukraine. How many times has President Zelensky asked the United States for Patriot anti-aircraft missile systems! But Washington only went to to force Slovakia to transfer old Soviet S-300 air defense systems to Ukraine in exchange for vague promises to supply Patriots  Bratislava. And then, as it turned out, not to ownership, but to rent.

On the evening of June 23, news came that the long-awaited HiMARS MLRS had finally been delivered from the USA to Ukraine. Although, of course, they were waiting not so much for the “iron” itself, but for & nbsp; & mdash; when the Ukrainian servicemen who will have to service these missile launchers will pass the training and pass the tests. The training course, even the most accelerated one, took almost a month. So “welcome to” Ukraine, dear HiMARS comrade. You were probably waiting for you in  Tula at  NPO Splav. This is an enterprise that develops and manufactures Russian multiple launch rocket systems. All Grads, Tornadoes and "Hurricane" originally from there.

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Ukraine filed a lawsuit against Russia with the ECtHR

Kyiv accused Moscow of violating seven articles of the European Convention on Human Rights after the start of the military operation in Ukraine. Russia has ceased to be a member of the Council of Europe since March, since June the law on non-execution of ECtHR decisions has been in force *

The Ministry of Justice of Ukraine has filed a lawsuit against Russia with the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR), the ministry said in a statement.

In the lawsuit, Ukraine accuses the Russian authorities of violating the provisions of the European Convention on Human Rights in connection with the military operation. It's about Art. 2 (right to life), art. 3 (prohibition of torture), art. 5 (right to liberty and security of person), Art. 8 (right to respect for private and family life), art. 9 and 10 (freedom of thought, conscience, religion and expression), Art. 11 (freedom of assembly and association) and Art. 1 of protocol 1 (protection of property).

According to the Ministry of Justice, the document refers to the events from February 24 to “the actual withdrawal of Russian ground forces from the outskirts of Kyiv and other cities to north» April 7th. The agency also promised to file additional complaints related to Russia's actions after April 7.

The claim was filed in the interests of individuals and legal entities; within its framework, Ukraine demands the complete withdrawal of Russian troops and the award of monetary compensation to the victims.

The jurisdiction of the ECHR extends to all states that are members of the Council of Europe and have ratified the European Convention on Human Rights. Russia has not been a member of the Council of Europe since mid-March. On the night of March 15, the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe (PACE) Committee on Political Affairs and Democracy prepared a draft calling for the exclusion of Russia. In the afternoon, Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov handed over to the Secretary General of the Council of Europe the decision to withdraw the country. Later, the ECHR ruled that Russia would cease to be a party to the European Convention on Human Rights from 16 September. Until the same date, the ECHR will consider complaints against Russia.

In June, President Vladimir Putin signed laws on Russia's non-compliance with ECHR decisions taken after March 15.

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Ukraine has previously filed a number of complaints against Russia with the ECtHR. They concerned the events in Donbass, in particular, the crash of a Boeing 777 of Malaysia Airlines in July 2014, the entry of Crimea into Russia, and the incident with Ukrainian ships in the Kerch Strait in 2018. Kyiv filed its last complaint in February 2021. It stated that Russia was carrying out “targeted assassinations of [its] alleged adversaries”; on the territory of Ukraine and abroad, thus violating Article 2 (the right to life).

Russia, in turn, filed a complaint against Ukraine in July 2021. Moscow blamed Kyiv on ten counts, including the deaths of protesters during the Euromaidan 2014, the suppression of freedom of speech, discrimination against the Russian-speaking population and Russian businesses, depriving the residents of Donbass of the opportunity to participate in elections to the central authorities.

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Office of the UN Secretary General announced support for grain exports from Ukraine and Russia

The office of the UN Secretary General said that Guterres is in favor of grain exports from Ukraine and Russia

UN Secretary General António Guterres has always advocated an agreement on the simultaneous export of grain from Ukraine and Russia. This was announced by his official representative Stefan Dujarric, RIA Novosti reports.

“The Secretary General always talked about a package deal for exports from Ukraine and exports from Russia at the same time”,— said Dujarric, responding to criticism by Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov.

One of the UN representatives recalled that the option to export Ukrainian grain through Belarus was one of the first proposals of Guterres.

June 23 Minister of Foreign Affairs Russia Sergey Lavrov said that the UN is slow to respond to an urgent issue with the export of grain from Ukrainian ports.

The head of the department accused the UN Secretary General of trying to solve the problem without taking into account the fact that the Russian military, according to him, daily open corridors for ships to exit. “He wants to first agree on Ukrainian grain, then on Russian grain,” — Lavrov counted.

About 20 tons of grain, according to the UN, were blocked in Ukrainian ports with the outbreak of hostilities in Russia. Vice Director of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) Maurizio Martina warned that the situation could lead to an increase in the number of hungry people in the world by 18 million people.

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Hungary urges EU not to impose more sanctions against Russia

An adviser to the Hungarian prime minister called for a halt to the imposition of sanctions, warning that the EU could “find itself on the losing side” due to economic difficulties Prime Minister Balazs Orban. The agency clarifies that he is not related to the head of the Hungarian government, Viktor Orban.

“In the end, Europe will be on the side of the losers in this war due to economic problems. We recommended stopping the sanctions process,— noted Balazs Orban.

He stressed that with the increase in the number of sanctions, the European economy is suffering more and more. At the same time, Russia, despite the fact that this also causes damage to it, “survives”, the politician noted.

According to him, the European Union followed the tactics of sanctions pressure for four months, having achieved some success, but the continuation will result in even greater damage to Europe itself. “So we need to think about something. Negotiations, ceasefire, peace. Diplomacy. This is our solution, — concluded Orban.

The fact that anti-Russian sanctions are effective only on paper was argued in mid-May by Prime Minister Viktor Orban. “It’s possible on paper, and many ‘paper’ politicians put forward some theoretical evidence, but no matter how hard I try to remember, a continental blockade that would be effective does not come to mind. However, I have seen those who introduced it fail, — he said, recalling that the sanctions had already caused the financial crisis.

Hungary did not, along with the rest of the EU countries, impose sanctions against Russia, in particular, it did not agree to an energy embargo. As a result, a partial ban on the import of Russian oil was nevertheless included in the sixth package of EU sanctions, however, deliveries via the Druzhba oil pipeline, which Budapest insisted on, were excluded from it.

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According to Reuters, the EU is now discussing the seventh package of restrictions against Russia, and is considering opportunity to include gold in it. At the same time, it is not clear whether this will imply a ban on exports to or imports from Russia.

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French Foreign Ministry announced the expulsion of a diplomat from Russia

According to Franceinfo, the cultural attache Fabrice Rousseau is suspected of a covert financing scheme for “an information site that is now banned in the country”

The French Embassy in Moscow

Russia ordered the diplomat of the French Embassy to leave the country, reported press service of the French Foreign Ministry.

“The Russian authorities informed our ambassador in Moscow last Friday that the presence of an employee of our embassy in the country was no longer desirable. No legal grounds were presented. We deplore this unfair decision,— the message says.

Foreign Minister Katrin Colonna instructed the competent services of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs to promptly submit proposals to determine further actions.

RBC sent a request to the Information and Press Department of the Russian Foreign Ministry.

On June 19, Franceinfo reported that French Ambassador to Russia Pierre Levy was summoned to the Russian Foreign Ministry, where they said that the presence of the embassy cultural attache Fabrice Rousseau, who also heads the French Institute in Russia, was undesirable in the country. His accreditation will be valid until July 17, after which it will not be renewed.

According to the publication, Russo is considered involved in organizing a covert financing scheme for “an independent information site that is now banned in the country.” and human rights center «Memorial» (in 2014 it was recognized as an NPO-foreign agent, the Supreme Court decided to liquidate it). The name of the site is not revealed. Sources of the publication said that France participated in the financing of a human rights organization, but did it “legally and transparently.”

Read on RBC Pro Pro Features of the business environment in Turkey: what kind of business do Russians open there Articles Pro From amygdala to immunity: how stress affects our body Video Pro Both for robots and people: how to write a working SEO-optimized text Instructions Pro Be realistic: what techniques will help to cope with anxiety at work Articles Pro Hello, Izaura: what awaits online cinemas after the departure of Western majors Capitalism in Russia failed to build. What model to replace it with? In April, the French Foreign Ministry declared 41 Russian diplomats persona non grata, Moscow responded by expelling 34 employees of French diplomatic missions.

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BRICS countries supported negotiations between Russia and Ukraine

At the summit, the BRICS members discussed the humanitarian situation in Ukraine and expressed support for the efforts of the UN and the Red Cross to provide humanitarian assistance

BRICS summit broadcast in Beijing, China

The International BRICS Club supports the negotiations between Russia and Ukraine, as well as the efforts of the UN for a peaceful settlement. This is stated in the declaration published following the results of the unification summit held under the chairmanship of China.

“We support negotiations between Russia and Ukraine. We also discussed concerns about the humanitarian situation in and around Ukraine and expressed support for the efforts of the UN Secretary-General, agencies of the UN system and the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) to provide humanitarian assistance in accordance with the guiding principles of humanity, neutrality and impartiality established by the resolution 46/182 of the UN General Assembly, — the declaration says.

In addition to Russia, the BRICS group includes China, India, Brazil and South Africa.

Russian-Ukrainian peace talks were suspended in mid-May. Moscow blames Kyiv, as well as its Western partners, for stopping them. President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelensky said that the country would return to negotiations after the cessation of hostilities.

The head of US national intelligence, Avril Haynes, indicated in mid-May that Washington sees no prospects for successful negotiations between Russia and Ukraine in the near future. According to German Chancellor Olaf Scholz, Russia will go to “serious negotiations” with Ukraine if he realizes that he cannot break its defense. French President Emmanuel Macron said that “at some point” Zelensky will have to conduct a dialogue with Russia.

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Forests for carbon neutrality. How will Russia deal with it?

The TASS press center hosted a round table “Cleaner Future”: the role of forestry in Russia's achievement of carbon neutrality, where representatives of Russian science, the eco-community and responsible business discussed related to  topic questions.

The discussion on the hot topic was organized by the All-Russian environmental online platform “Clean Future”, which was created with the support of large Russian business and representatives of the leading academic institutions of the Russian Federation: the Institute of Economic Forecasting of the Russian Academy of Sciences, the Institute of Oceanology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, the Institute of Ecology and Evolution  them. Severtsev, Institute of Geography RAS, Institute of Oceanography, Institute of Water Problems RAS.

In all directions

In terms of forest area, Russia occupies a leading position in the world, and therefore, the issues of neutralizing greenhouse emissions with the help of forestland are of interest to our country from a variety of points of view. The participants of the round table noted that the forest is not only a unique resource, but also an important climate asset of our country.

In this context, they discussed the issues of managing the carbon balance of forests, as well as the Russian assessment of their absorbing ability, in the  field of their attention were also issues of reforestation and reproduction of forest areas, monitoring, prevention and extinguishing forest fires in remote areas.

In the  part of the conversation about ESG-projects of the Russian business to protection of forests, Director of the Environmental Efficiency Department of the Rosneft company provided comprehensive information. Victoria Sapozhnikova, who stressed that unlocking the potential of the Russian forest will allow us not only to achieve the goals of the development strategy of the Russian Federation and fulfil international obligations, but to realize the competitive advantages of our country at global level.

“This has really become a national task now, — said the speaker, — and business is not left out. Rosneft, being a leader in the ESG agenda, naturally got actively involved in this work».

Sapozhnikova recalled that in  December 2021, the company adopted a new strategy — “Rosneft-2030: Reliable Energy and Global Energy Transition” — and became the first company in the Russian oil and gas industry to set a strategic goal to achieve carbon neutrality by 2050 .

About positive effect

Victoria Sapozhnikova's report summarized the speeches of other participants of the round table in all directions. The fact is that the company intends to become the flagship and the locomotive for the development of forest climate projects in Russia. To do this, according to Sapozhnikova, its experts have carried out large-scale preparatory work in a number of areas, which can serve as a certain template for the actions of other representatives of domestic business.

In particular, proposals have been developed on the necessary changes in the legislation of the Russian Federation, methodologies for the implementation of various types of forest climate projects have been prepared. A methodology has also been developed for a fair assessment of carbon absorption by natural ecosystems, a tool base for quantitative assessment, and issues of localization and import substitution of the necessary equipment have been worked out. Applied and fundamental scientific research has been carried out, including breeding and genetic research to develop fast-growing tree species adapted to the conditions of the project, and a number of others.

The forest-climatic project of the company, according to its representative, is able to give a significant positive effect  — about 10 million tons CO2, while Russian forests, according to the data of the Space Research Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, annually absorb 200 million tons carbon.

Natural carbon sequestration projects will become an additional lever for the development of the low-carbon project “Vostok Oil”, implemented by the company in the north of the Krasnoyarsk Territory. The specific intensity of emissions during the operation period of Vostok Oil will be four times lower than the average for new fields of largest international companies.

It should be added that the project was approved by the President of Russia, and for its implementation on the sides of the XXV St. Petersburg International Economic Forum The company entered into cooperation agreements with Rosleskhoz and the oldest leading forest engineering university in the country, St. Kirov.

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Over 2 million people evacuated from Ukraine and Donbass to Russia

Since the beginning of the special operation, without the help of the Kyiv authorities, the Russian Federation has evacuated to its territory more than 2 million people, including more than 300 thousand children, from dangerous regions of Ukraine, as well as the Donetsk and Luhansk people's republics. This was reported by TASS with reference to the head of the National Defense Control Center of the Russian Federation, Colonel-General Mikhail Mizintsev.

During the day, 23 775 people were evacuated to Russia from Ukraine and Donbass, of which 3 676– children. In total, 2,026,548 people have been evacuated since the beginning of the NWO, including 321,820 children.

Earlier, the State Duma proposed to give the castle of artist Maxim Galkin, who left the Russian Federation, to refugees from Donbass.

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Expert Knutov allowed the blockade of Lithuania from Russia and Belarus

Photo: pixabay.com

Military expert, director of the Museum of Air Defense Forces Yuri Knutov, in an interview with the portal “Ukraine.ru” said, that Belarus and Russia can arrange a retaliatory blockade for Lithuania to resume transit to the Kaliningrad region.

According to him, with this step, the representatives of Vilnius wanted to provoke Moscow into a conflict. At the same time, the Russian side needs to make a choice in favor of economic measures of influence.

“We need to turn to Belarus and use every opportunity to ensure that Lithuania is in the same blockade as Kaliningrad from an economic point of view”, Knutov added.

He clarified that NATO and the United States are behind Lithuania's actions. The country would never have taken such a step on its own. If Russia introduces retaliatory economic measures, they may force Lithuania to turn directly to the Western allies.

“They may be associated with an appeal for permission to transport Russian goods,” Knutov said.

Источник www.mk.ru

The expert explained why Russia did not send Armata tanks to Ukraine

Tank “Armata”. Photo: Wikipedia.org.

Advisor to the head of the DPR, Igor Kimakovsky, answered journalists' questions about why Russia did not send the latest Armata tanks and the Terminator tank support combat vehicle to Ukraine, where the Russian Armed Forces are conducting a special military operation.

As the expert noted in an interview with SM News, we are “patiently and rationally waiting for us to achieve the maximum result with minimal losses.” Kimakovsky explained that the military potential of Ukraine and NATO countries is now being “grinded”, therefore Russian troops do not need Armata tanks.

According to him, the Western military, who control the situation around Ukraine, also understand this.

Kimakovsky also noted that a battle is now underway on the territory of Ukraine with the use of technologies and weapons of NATO countries.

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Putin signed a decree on how Russia can avoid default

Strong argument in the international court

Vladimir Putin has established a new procedure for payments on public debt: the President of Russia signed a Decree on the temporary payment of external foreign currency debt in rubles. Why is this good for domestic investors and what is fraught with for foreign ones, lawyer Andrey YURYEV explained.

Photo: kremlin.ru

– A month ago, the United States canceled the general license that allowed Russia to make payments to service its external debt.

– Yes, and then the Ministry of Finance proposed to implement the scheme that is now used for gas payments – with payment in rubles . Actually, Putin's Decree legalized this scheme legally.

– Not really. To fulfill obligations under Eurobonds, Russia can open ruble accounts in the name of foreign investors, they will receive coupon income for bondholders, but they will not be able to withdraw this money abroad, to unfriendly countries.

– Yes, residents can, and before that they also could not get their money.

– It will be made at the exchange rate of bonds, which is formed in the domestic foreign exchange market in Russia.

– In fact, we are money we pay creditors, and it is not our fault that they cannot use them abroad. In Russia, please, let them spend. I think that this mechanism (payments on Eurobonds in rubles), legally enshrined in the Decree of the President of the Russian Federation, will be a good reason in the international court in the event of a default being declared on our country and our property in the West being arrested.

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The United States will present at the G7 summit proposals to increase pressure on Russia

At the summit, the leaders will also discuss the threat posed by China, as well as rising energy and food prices, senior US officials said. It will take place on June 26-28 in Germany

The United States at the G7 summit, which will be held June 26-28 in Germany, will present specific proposals to increase pressure on Russia and support Ukraine, said one of the senior American officials, his words are quoted by Reuters.

“At the summit, we will present a concrete set of proposals to increase pressure on Russia and demonstrate collective support for Ukraine,” — he said without elaborating.

Another said the military action in Ukraine has intensified US partnerships with the rest of the world, but that doesn't mean it has taken away the threat posed by China. Another topic will be the rise in prices for energy resources and products.

The leaders intend to “promote a vision of the world based on the principles of freedom and openness, and not on coercion, aggression and spheres of influence,” one official said.

Earlier, Assistant to the President of the United States, Senior Director for Europe of the National Security Council (NSC) Amanda Sloat announced new statements on the alignment of forces at the NATO summit, which will be held June 28 & ndash; 30 in Madrid. In addition, a new strategic concept of the alliance will be presented. According to NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg, the bloc no longer considers Russia a partner. “We will declare [at the summit] that Russia is no longer a partner, but a threat to our security, peace and stability,” he said in response to a question about the attitude towards Russia. The concept will also include China, which Stoltenberg called “a challenge to our interests, our values ​​and our security.”

German Chancellor Olaf Scholz, speaking of NATO's 2010 Strategic Concept, said that after the outbreak of hostilities in Ukraine, partnership with Russia “is unthinkable in the foreseeable future.” At the same time, he warned against wrong steps, calling it unreasonable to cancel the Founding Act between Russia and the alliance.

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The Founding Act of Russia— NATO implies the refusal of Russia and NATO from considering each other as adversaries, and the common goal is “to overcome the remnants of the previous confrontation and rivalry and to strengthen mutual trust and cooperation.” The parties undertake to “jointly build a lasting and comprehensive peace in the Euro-Atlantic region on the principles of democracy and security based on cooperation.”

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