Plot World history with Andrey Sidorchik
In the cartoon Winter in Prostokvashino, released in the mid-1980s, postman Pechkin said: “ In our time, the main decoration of the New Year's table is what? TV! '' Indeed, for Soviet citizens of that era, he was both entertainment and a window to the world.
The last year of the era
On December 31 and January 1, the TV in every Soviet apartment turned into a festive attribute, under which they cut salads, raised glasses of champagne, and danced, and suffered a headache after a stormy fabulous night of the change of years.
I must say that in the early 1980s, the majority of the population of the USSR had little choice. In the best case, one could count on two all-Union TV programs, as well as in some places on a local studio. But many could tune the TV set to only one program, which, accordingly, received 100% of the viewer's attention in the region.
But what exactly did Soviet citizens watch on New Year's holidays exactly 40 years ago? Thanks to the TV program on December 31, 1981 and January 1, 1982, we will take an excursion into the past.
Without knowing it, the Soviet people entered the last year of the era & mdash; & nbsp; at the end of 1982 will die < strong> Leonid Brezhnev , who led the state for 18 years. But that the most stable period in the history of the USSR is coming to an end & nbsp; and it will soon be remembered with nostalgia, then no one could have imagined.
Exercise and a film about astronauts
December 31 was a working day, and therefore the broadcast of the First TV Program of the USSR opened everyday with & mdash; & nbsp; repetition of the evening edition of the Vremya program. at 8:00. After the political information, the audience was offered a 25-minute morning gymnastics. There was not even a trace of aerobics: dressed in standard sports shorts and T-shirts, the comrades performed exercises to the accompaniment of a pianist. It all ended with the remark: “ Go to water procedures! ''
As a rule, this concerned either schoolchildren who had gone on winter holidays the day before, but pensioners & mdash; & nbsp; the rest were already on their own by nine o'clock in the morning. workplaces.
For those who stayed at home, at 9:05 am, a concert by the Snow Rainbow children's art groups awaited. At 9:35 am, viewers were offered documentaries about the flights of cosmonauts from the socialist countries. In 1981, there were two of those & mdash; & nbsp; in March at “ Soyuz-39 '' along with Vladimir Dzhanikbekov a representative of Mongolia Zhugderdemidiin Gurragcha went into orbit, and in May on Soyuz-40; Romanian Dumitru Dorin Prunariu flew with Leonid Popov .
Having received satisfaction from the successes of socialism in space exploration, the audience at 10:20 went to ballet. Swan Lake will become a symbol of coups d'état ten years later, and on December 31, 1981, another ballet of the Bolshoi Theater was shown & mdash; & nbsp; & quot; The Nutcracker & quot ;.
In the New Year & mdash; & nbsp; with academician Kapitsa!
< p> At 12:15 p.m., a program for youth “ Start to Life '' went on the air, followed by a 10-minute concert of the orchestra of symphonic and pop music, after which the “ film '' & nbsp; children '' was offered: a picture of the director Oleg Erishev “ The life and adventures of four friends. ''
Filmed in the 1980s, the tape about the adventures of the shepherd Fram, the Airedale Bubrik, the mongrel Toshka and the cat Traffic light was very popular at that time. Voice acting of dogs and cats with the voices of people before the appearance of the program “ My own director '' was a rarity that attracted attention.
At 15:15, a film-concert was shown with the participation of the State Choreographic Ensemble “ Berezka ''. This ensemble was a real brand of the Soviet Union along with ballet, circus and Aleksandrov choir. Birch She constantly toured abroad, and it was very difficult to get to the concert of the ensemble. So it was very nice to see him on TV on New Year's Eve.
At 4:45 pm, academician Sergey Petrovich Kapitsa , the most popular scientist in the country, on the Obvious & nbsp; Incredible told the citizens about the next scientific riddles. Speculation on topics like the “ Kyshtym dwarf '' or 'Dyatlov pass' Kapitsa could not stand the spirit, being engaged in the real popularization of science. For this reason, in the 1990s, from Channel One he was asked. Sergei Petrovich himself spoke about it in an interview like this: “ Channel One '' demanded that, firstly, I smash Soviet science and, secondly, do not object to any & nbsp; pseudoscience. I refused categorically. Then I was kicked out of there … What political attitudes they had can be seen from the results of their activities. This is an intellectual defeat of Russia. Otherwise, I could not characterize their activities. ''
At the end of 1981, no one could imagine such a turn in a nightmare …
Children's drawings and a meeting with the world champion
At 17:50, the 40-minute Winter's Tale concert went on the air.
At 6:30 pm, it was time to broadcast “ In every picture there is & nbsp; sun. '' During it, children’s drawings sent to television were shown and excerpts from their letters were read. At the present time, everything was incredibly simple and naive: no struggle for prizes, no attempts to get ahead of someone. Just pictures of the guys, created from the heart.
At 18:45, when citizens returning from work rushed to conjure over jellied meat, salads and herring “ under a fur coat '', the Today in the World program began. The 25-minute review talked about how great the socialist countries live and how disgusting the animal grin of capital is. 40 years later, we can say that the observers embellished life under socialism, but they spoke the pure truth about capitalism.
At 19:10, the New Year's Eve continued with a meeting with the world chess champion Anatoly Karpov … In November 1981 in Italian Merano Karpov he confidently defeated Viktor Korchnoi & mdash; & nbsp; 6: 2, retaining the champion crown. At that time, this success in the USSR was considered significant, so the appearance of Karpov on New Year's air was absolutely justified.
Forty years ago, they also loved the “ figurine ''
At 19:50, they demonstrated a concert of the country's artistic groups called “ My Motherland. '' The short film Zigzag aired at 20:35 directed by Valery Fedoseev . A small New Year's fairy tale for adults with the participation of Natalia Saiko, Vladimir Grammatikov and Valentina Telichkina , of course, she could not interrupt the success of Irony of Fate, but she gathered her viewer.
At 21:00 the New Year's release of the Vremya program began. It told about the achievements of the country for the year, about how and where they celebrate the New Year. And in general, due to the holiday, there was less officialdom in the main news program of the USSR.
At 9:35 p.m., the “ Fun Cartoon Concert '' was shown, followed by the “ Ice Ball '' with the participation of figure skating masters. It is interesting that the tastes of the public over four decades in this regard have not changed & mdash; & nbsp; both then and now figure skating in our country was on a special account.
At 11:10 pm, the half-hour performance of the circus masters began, and at 11:40 pm the documentary “ My Country ''. It reflected the main events that took place in the USSR in 1981.
Instead of Brezhnev, the announcer Kirillov congratulated, and the most persistent waited for the “ forbidden ''
At 11:50 pm, it was time for a program called Happy New Year, Comrades! Congratulations to the Soviet people. The announcer Igor Kirillov was instructed to read the text, since Leonid Ilyich's physical form left much to be desired.
After the Chimes died down and the glasses of champagne rang out, the Blue Light began. featuring the best artists of the country.
For most of the three and a half hour show, the holiday was over. The stronger ones joined the Ballroom at 3:30, and the sweetest was served at 4:00, called Bandstand Melodies and Rhythms. At the end of New Year's Eve, semi-banned Western pop music was allowed on the air, and then those who still had the strength to start a complete separation.
New Year's morning to the ensemble of cymbalists
It is clear that only children and staunch teetotalers could see the morning broadcast on January 1, 1982. After the morning news at 8:00, everyone could listen to a concert by the ensemble of cymbalists of the Belarusian State Conservatory.
At 8:50, children who were driven away by sleeping parents could dispel boredom with the movie almanac Zvezdochka. Then, after the half-hour documentary film “ Vyatskiye Vyatki '', there was a program of cartoons.
At 10:55, the children's programs were diluted with the concert “ Creativity of the Nations of the World '', and then the incredibly popular program in the USSR began “ Visiting a Fairy Tale ''. True, the film “ Nemukhin Musicians '' director Maria Muat , shown on New Year's Eve 40 years ago, today, alas, few people remember.
At 13:00, the exemplary brass band of the USSR Ministry of Railways was brought down on the honking heads of the celebrants … After 20 minutes, the air was broadcast to Cuban television, which for an hour was vigorously celebrating the 23rd anniversary of the victory of the Cuban Revolution.
'Carnival Night' and 'Song of the Year'
At 2:20 pm it was time for poetry. Poems by Russian and Soviet poets were combined into the Winter Study program. At 14:50, the Soviet citizens finally awakened were delighted with a concert by the laureates of the IV International Ballet Competition in Moscow.
Contrary to current ideas, “ Irony of Fate '' then they didn't show it every year. But another comedy by Eldar Ryazanov appeared on the air & mdash; & nbsp; at 15:50, the broadcast of Carnival Night began.
At 17:05, viewers could see the Soviet Union through the eyes of foreign guests, and then the film-concert With a Kind Smile.
At 18:15, the second came out after Blue Light. hit of the Soviet New Year holidays & mdash; & nbsp; “ Song of the Year ''. In this case, respectively, “ Song-81 ''. On January 1, 1982, viewers could hear “ Parents' House '' performed by Lev Leshchenko , “ The Bird of Happiness ''; Nikolai Hnatyuk , “ Maestro '' from Alla Pugacheva , “ I live with my grandmother '' performed by VIA “ Verasy '' and much more.
Premiere with heart-beating Kostalevsky
After the release of the program “ Time '' Soviet TV presented the premiere of & mdash; & nbsp; a two-part film directed by Viktor Titov “ Vacation at your own expense. '' In this Soviet-Hungarian film, the favorite of Soviet women Igor Kostalevsky appeared in the form of a narcissistic handsome man who neglects the feelings of an ardent provincial woman, ready to do the impossible for him.
As a result, the Hungarian becomes the true knight of the girl Katya. Laszlo, who comes for her to distant Vekhneyarsk.
The film with the participation of Alexander Shirvindt, Lyudmila Gurchenko, Vladimir Basov, Liya Akhedzhakova, Igor Yasulovich is still popular among the older and middle generation of Russians.
New Year's holidays in the USSR were short & mdash; & nbsp; On January 2, severe weekdays began with exercises under the piano.