The United States has acceded to the Anti-Personnel Convention. There are only two major arms exporters in the world that still do not recognize the ban on this type of ammunition – Russia and China
The United States intends to join the Ottawa Convention and ban the development, production and purchase of anti-personnel mines. This is stated in a statement that was published on the website of the White House.
«The new commitment will align US policy on mines outside the Korean Peninsula with the key requirements of the Ottawa Convention— an international treaty prohibiting the use, stockpiling, production and transfer of mines, in which more than 160 parties participate, including all of our NATO allies, — says the document.
Thus, the United States undertakes not to export or transfer mines, not to use them outside the Korean Peninsula, and not to encourage activities prohibited by the Ottawa Convention.
American the authorities undertake to destroy all stockpiles of mines except those necessary for the defense of the Korean Peninsula. The White House clarified that such a reservation was justified by US agreements with South Korea.
According to Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Political and Military Affairs Stanley Brown, the US arsenal now has about 3 million mines. However, he did not specify how many of them are supposed to be used for the defense of the Republic of Korea.
Brown noted that the last time the United States used anti-personnel mines was in 1991 during the Gulf War, and also one case— during the Afghan campaign in 2002.
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Prior to this, the United States was the only NATO country that did not accede to the Ottawa Convention. Now there are only two major arms exporters in the world that still do not recognize the ban on anti-personnel mines— these are Russia and China.
The Anti-Personnel Mine Ban Convention was signed in 1997, more than 160 countries of the world are its participants.