What kind of crater “Gates of Hell” wants to extinguish in Turkmenistan?

The President of & nbsp; Turkmenistan & nbsp; Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov & nbsp; ordered to find a way to eliminate the Darvaza gas crater, which has been burning in the & nbsp; Karakum desert for over 50 years. & nbsp; Officially, it bears the beautiful name “ Shining Karakum. It is unofficially called the Gates of Hell. & Nbsp;

Where did it come from?

In 1971, geologists discovered and began to develop a natural gas field near the settlement of Darvaza in the & nbsp; Turkmen SSR. During excavations, they stumbled upon a cavity – an underground & nbsp; cavity filled with gas. Soon an accident occurred: the surface of the earth collapsed, the drilling rig & nbsp; together with the equipment fell to the & nbsp; bottom of this cavity and was covered with soil. Fortunately, there were no casualties.

It was impossible to remove the equipment, and besides, the scientists faced a more pressing task: gas escaped from the resulting failure, which already posed a danger to local residents. It was decided to set it on fire & ndash; geologists expected that the gas contained in the cavity and other cavities associated with it would burn out in a few days and the fire would go out by itself. But they were wrong: for more than half a century, the flame in this funnel 70 meters wide and & nbsp; 20 meters deep has been burning continuously, day and night.

The authorities of & nbsp; Turkmenistan previously tried to extinguish the crater & nbsp; Darvaz (aka & nbsp; Shining of the Karakum, aka “ Gates of Hell ''), but all to no avail. Then it was decided to make it a local attraction in order to attract tourists, especially foreign ones. In November 2013, one of them, the Canadian traveler and explorer George Coronis , even descended to the bottom of the crater to take soil samples for analysis. They found bacteria that can live at high temperatures and are not found anywhere else on the surface of the Earth.

Nevertheless, ecologists continued to talk about the negative impact of the crater & nbsp; Darvaza & nbsp; on the environment and health of the local population. Having heeded their arguments, the President of & nbsp; Turkmenistan & nbsp; Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov at a government meeting held on January 7 ordered to “ find a solution to extinguish the fire. '' In addition to environmental harm, he drew attention to the economic component. “We are wasting valuable natural resources for which we could make a profit, and it would go to improve the well-being of our people,” Berdymukhamedov said.

“Gates of Hell”. Mysterious gas crater in Turkmenistan

In 1971, Soviet geologists discovered an accumulation of underground gas near the village of Darvaza in Turkmenistan. As a result of excavation and drilling of an exploration well, geologists stumbled upon an underground cavity (void), because of which the earth collapsed and a large hole filled with gas was formed. © flickr.com/Tormod Sandtorv

The drilling rig with all the equipment and transport fell into the resulting hole, people were not injured in this incident. © www.globallookpress.com

To prevent gases harmful to people and livestock from escaping, they decided to set them on fire. Geologists assumed that the fire would go out in a few days, but they were wrong. Since 1971, natural gas escaping from the crater has been continuously burning day and night. © flickr.com/NMK Photography

The crater has a diameter of approximately 60 meters and a depth of approximately 20 meters. © www.globallookpress.com

Nothing trapped in the crater can no longer get out. Any living being is doomed. Once in the afterlife through these “doors”, no one can get out. © flickr.com/Stefan Krasowski

Gas comes out of the ground, splitting into hundreds of burning torches of different sizes. In some torches, tongues of flame reach 10-15 meters in height. © flickr.com/Tormod Sandtorv

The village of Darvaza was demolished in 2004. In 2010, Turkmen President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov visited Darvaza and said that the crater should be filled up, or other measures should be taken to limit its impact on gas production at other fields in the region. © www.globallookpress.com

In November 2013, the famous traveler and explorer George Coronis from Canada descended to the bottom of the crater to conduct research and collect samples. © flickr.com/gafa kassim

He managed to find bacteria that live at the bottom of the crater at high temperatures. These bacteria are not found anywhere on the surface of the earth and feel great living in a small ecosystem at the bottom of a hot crater. © flickr.com/Stefan Krasowski

Not far from the burning crater, there are two more similar sinkholes of similar origin. These craters do not burn, the gas pressure is much weaker here. At the bottom of one of the craters there is bubbling liquid mud of light gray color, at the bottom of the other there is a liquid of turquoise hue. © www.globallookpress.com

Gates of Hell. Mysterious gas crater in Turkmenistan

In 1971, Soviet geologists discovered an accumulation of underground gas near the village of Darvaza in Turkmenistan. As a result of excavation and drilling of an exploration well, geologists stumbled upon an underground cavity (void), because of which the earth collapsed and a large hole filled with gas was formed. © flickr.com/Tormod Sandtorv

The drilling rig with all the equipment and transport fell into the resulting hole, people were not injured in this incident. © www.globallookpress.com

To prevent gases harmful to people and livestock from escaping, they decided to set them on fire. Geologists assumed that the fire would go out in a few days, but they were wrong. Since 1971, natural gas escaping from the crater has been continuously burning day and night. © flickr.com/NMK Photography

The crater has a diameter of approximately 60 meters and a depth of approximately 20 meters. © www.globallookpress.com

Nothing trapped in the crater can no longer get out. Any living being is doomed. Once in the afterlife through these “doors”, no one can get out. © flickr.com/Stefan Krasowski

Gas comes out of the ground, splitting into hundreds of burning torches of different sizes. In some torches, tongues of flame reach 10-15 meters in height. © flickr.com/Tormod Sandtorv

The village of Darvaza was demolished in 2004. In 2010, Turkmen President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov visited Darvaza and said that the crater should be filled up, or other measures should be taken to limit its impact on gas production at other fields in the region. © www.globallookpress.com

In November 2013, the famous traveler and explorer George Coronis from Canada descended to the bottom of the crater to conduct research and collect samples. © flickr.com/gafa kassim

He managed to find bacteria that live at the bottom of the crater at high temperatures. These bacteria are not found anywhere on the surface of the earth and feel great living in a small ecosystem at the bottom of a hot crater. © flickr.com/Stefan Krasowski

Not far from the burning crater there are two more similar sinkholes of similar origin. These craters do not burn, the gas pressure is much weaker here. At the bottom of one of the craters there is bubbling liquid mud of light gray color, at the bottom of the other there is a liquid of turquoise hue. © www.globallookpress.com

Now to the Deputy Prime Minister & nbsp; Shakhym Abdrakhmanov supervising the fuel and energy complex in the country, will have to find specialists (most likely, foreign) who represent how it is possible to “ close '' forever the Gates of Hell, and ready to take it. Meanwhile, experts doubt that this is possible in principle. The Russian geologist Alexander Solyony believes that only a directed explosion can stop the burning in a giant crater, which will lead to the collapse of this object, but such work is expensive and will not prevent further outflow of natural gas from the bowels of the earth.

If the funnel is “ clogged '', for example, by filling it with concrete (there is also such an idea), the gas will accumulate inside and in any case will find a way out of the ground. Only this can happen as a result of an explosion, and it is impossible to predict where it will happen. This is warned by another Russian scientist, Doctor of Geological and Mineralogical Sciences Vladimir Polevanov.

Источник aif.ru

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